I chose Maslow's Hierarchy of needs for this essay. The information I am using in this essay is from the readings provided by Dr. MacFarlane.
According to Maslow, an individual is ready to act upon the growth need if and only if
the deficiency needs are met. Maslow posited a hierarchy of human needs based on two groupings: deficiency needs and growth needs. Within the deficiency needs, each lower need must be met before moving to the next higher level. Once each of these needs have been satisfied, if at some future time a deficiency is detected, the individual will act to remove the deficiency. The first deficiency needs are physiological, safety, love and belongingness, and esteem. According to Maslow, an individual is ready to act upon the growth needs if and only if the deficiency needs are met. The growth needs are cognitive, aesthetic, self-actualization. and transcendence. Here is a list of Maslow's hierarchal needs:
1) Physiological needs
2) Safety needs
3) Love and Belongingness needs
4) Esteem needs
5) Cognitive needs
7) Self-Actualization needs
8) Transcendence needs
Application of Maslow's Hierarchy to understand the specific needs of gifted students:
Gifted children need their social and emotional needs met in order for them to show their true potential. The following is an application of each level of Maslow's hierarchy to understand the needs of gifted students:
1) Physiological needs: This is the starting point for motivational theory. A person who is lacking food, safety, love, and esteem will usually hunger for food more strongly than anything else. When these needs are not met, the urge to write poetry, the desire to acquire an automobile, the interest of American history, the desire of a new pair of shoes are forgotten or become secondary. I see children in my classroom on a daily basis hungry. They have free or reduced breakfast and lunch, but they're worried about dinner. As I teach the children high level scientific concepts, I can see that some are not interested due to their physiological needs not met.
2) Safety needs: If physiological needs are relatively satisfied, attention shifts to another set of needs, safety and security. Depending on the situation, the person may be dominated by them. Familiar routines rather than unfamiliar routines are desired. Unfairness,...