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Yemen, The Happy Land Essay

1952 words - 8 pages

Back before the wars, before the conflicts, before all the disasters, Yemen was known as The Happy Land. Based on The Guardian, in ancient times, Yemen was known as Arabia Felix, Latin for "happy" or "fortunate". Now, because of the civil war, and the rise of people against each other and the government, it has lost the validity of those labels. Based on Every Culture Magazine, the name of the country is derived from the legendary ancestor Yaman, the son of Qahtan, or from the Arabic root ymn ("the right") since Yemen is located to the right of the Mecca sanctuary of Kaaba. Some scholars compare the Arabic word yumna ("happy") with the Roman name for southwest Arabia, Arabia Felix ("Happy ...view middle of the document...

Based on the WPR, there are 10-30,000 Turkish people still living in Yemen, as well as large groups of Indonesians, Malaysians, and Singaporeans of Arab descent. Yemen also hosts about 160,000 refugees and asylum seekers, mostly from Somalia, Iraq, and Ethiopia and, more recently, Syria.
Yemen is an extremely religious country, and the main religion there is Islam. It is believed by Yemen’s official website, when Israel became an independent state in 1948, most of the Yemeni Jews moved to Israel, leaving the rest of the country to practice Islam together; but, there are a few small Christian and Hindu groups in South Yemen and are considered the largest non Muslim group in the country.
The history of the former happy land (Yemen) is really interesting and informative. After World War I, the Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was established in North Yemen, and the creation of Yemen Arab Republic in 1962 soon followed. North Yemen mostly consisted of Arabians while South Yemen remained British protectorate until 1967. The two Yemeni states decided to combine and become one great country in 1990. South Yemen was mainly British traders who came in and took over that certain part of Yemen. The Arabist (TAA) states that the British East India Company forces seized control of Aden in 1832 and established it as a coaling station for British ships traveling to and from colonial India. From there on, the British holdings expanded throughout the city and the British mainly extended their take-over through local monarchs as an approach to Persian Gulf and the red sea. In 1937, South Yemen was recognized as an independent crown colony.
North Yemen had conflicts within its own people and ongoing civil war battles with South Yemen. After a few years of the civil war, North Yemen claimed victory with the leadership of former Yemen president Ali Abdullah Saleh. However, in 2011, civil war returned. The TAA stated, The South Yemeni national consciousness relied on a flawed mental construct of North Yemeni savagery in order to advocate for total independence. However, the willingness of North Yemeni protestors to martyr themselves for a federalized democracy in Yemen has completely challenged this narrative.
The protest movement against the government and against the former Yemen president Ali Abdullah Saleh has impacted the relationships with Yemen and other countries, such as the United States of America, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. The conflict in Yemen affected the relationship between Yemen and the United States because most of the citizens in Yemen did not want America to get involved with the civil war. The US did get involved and sent armed forces to Yemen as support. However, they were attacked and kicked out by the angry Yemen citizens.
The main reason why the movement affected the relationship between Yemen and Saudi Arabia is because the movement started to affect the Saudi trades and people traveling over the border. It affected the...

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