The Fruits of Production
Civilization began with agriculture, it allowed nomads to settle down, and form relationships, societies and eventually nations. Thus as our society developed, so did our means of farming. Whilst modern society greatly differs from our nomadic past, humanity still has fundamental dependence on agriculture.
Today agriculture is the livelihood of most poor rural communities. This communal life blood provides a majority of the population with a source of employment, nourishment and income. It is considered to be an invaluable skill, that is taught down from generation to generation along with a sense of respect for the environment. However, as a rural community experiences globalization, their agriculture greatly changes. The newfound development among nations has significant influences over the environment. However, globalization negatively impacts a rural community in terms of environmental health and agriculture.
Agriculture holds a significant role in rural areas. It is often the backbone of their economic and social well-being. It acts as the main source of employment and income, 70% of a country's population rely on farming as a means of living (Kwa 2001). It requires little to no education, and is the main source of employment, thus contributing to nations economic development. Residents can also sell what they grow, providing them with a source of income, thus not only raising the national income level but the standard of living as well. Agriculture and the environment play a big part in the local culture. The societal importance of agriculture, has fostered an intimate respect and care of the land and the environment.
A rural countries' agriculture is typically composed of many small individual farms, that employ many people to help care of the land. Able to effectively manipulate their limited resources and land availability, rural communities can create a stable source of income and nutrition for years. Prior to globalization, subsistence agriculture and diverse polyculture are greatly utilized in rural areas, due to their low impact to the environment and agricultural benefits. Subsistence farming is another word for self sufficient farming. Farms produce enough food to feed their families, any excess produce is sold locally. While diverse polyculture farming is a universally adopted farming technique in rural areas. Farmers grow different crops in the same space. This technique eliminates the risk of diseases being spread among the crops. It also increased the local biodiversity, providing habitats for more species. More biodiversity means less need for pesticides, as the mix of crops ward off certain pest. Creating healthier organic produce. Both methods refrains overworking the soil, allowing it to remain fertile for a longer period of time. These types of agriculture methods leads a sustainable agricultural industry. One that challenges the stigma that farming...