Young School Age Children
There are many types of people in a community. Whether one categorizes by age, health, or even wealth, each person falls into a group. The group of choice for focus is young school age children. This group includes children, male and female, from five years of age to seven years of age. These children are in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. These children are in a slow and steady growth and development. At this age they should be highly active, enjoy learning, and allow curiosity to peak their interests. It is this age group one can explore health promotion strategies used, problems encountered, health care availability, and health education.
With the first topic, it is evident there are many health promotions used by television, video games, and schools. The Disney Channel is a great example. They have a simple, “get up and play” slogan used to motivate children to go outside and enjoy the outdoors. It is used to promote activity, decrease obesity, and even improve heart and joint health. Restaurants that once served only fried French fries as side items now have the options to choose healthier sides such as apples and milk instead of a soft drink. In Williamson County, Tennessee, it is now mandatory for schools to offer a salad bar and healthier options in school cafeterias so children may have the options to choose better foods as well as set a trend for others to follow.
Three major problems encountered by this group are: obesity, abuse, and stresses of starting school. According to the CDC, childhood obesity has tripled in the last thirty years. This is a staggering statistic. Childhood obesity is an epidemic throughout the United States and needs to be deeply addressed by parents all over the nation. These children, if nothing is done, will face cardiovascular problems in their future along with the possibility of being immobile. The second problem for children is at no fault of their own: abuse. Whether it is sexual, physical, or mental abuse the after effects on children prove to be detrimental. Studies have shown children who have been abused struggle with trust in relationships, have beliefs of being worthless or damaged, and have trouble regulating emotions. Child abuse has become more prevalent in the past few years with more stressors on parents with a fallen U.S. economy. The final problem this age group faces is something that can be planned and managed accurately. Children beginning school go through many emotions. They may be scared at first, reject the idea of being away from home, or even slip into a depression. The...