This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Children's Ability To Differentiate Between Real And Fantastical Entities

1444 words - 6 pages

Introduction
In the field of developmental psychology, children have become a popular interest. By studying such changes children go through in the early stages of childhood, researchers provide better knowledge and insight on how these changes influence the actions and behaviors of children. It has been identified by many that during these stages, children have rapid mental and cognitive development. Likewise, during this time children are thought to easily confuse reality and fantasy. This paper will consist of two reviews involving two different studies which assesses the children's ability to differentiate between fantasy and reality. One will determine how fantasy/reality distinction evolves with age, while the other investigates children's perception of storybook entities. Both focus on children's ability to categorize specified objects/people/events.
Article One - Purpose, Hypothesis & Goal of Study
It is believed that a basic component of human cognitive skills is the ability to differentiate between reality and fantasy. Traditionally, children were assumed to confuse the boundaries between them. Yet, previous research has shown that three year olds are able to make reality/non-reality distinctions. The first article, published in 2004 describes a study performed by Sharon & Woolley. They hoped to provide a new viewpoint at a preschooler's level of fantasy/reality differentiation. They believed that children have a better understanding of these boundaries than most people assume. Believing that children have an understanding of what is "human" and what is not, which they use to determine whether entities are real or fantastical. The main goal of their study was to show this possibility, by exploring what children associate as human properties (physical, biological, social and mental). They also wanted to assess how children categorize entities as "real" or "pretend", and determine the potential role of individual differences in children's ability to differentiate between reality and fantasy.
Article One - Methodology, Procedure & Results
Sharon & Woolley (2004) conducted a cross-sectional study composed of sixty-four preschoolers (three to five year olds). Most attended a childcare center affiliated with a large university. The testing consisted of two separate 25 min sessions where children were first given a properties task. In which their recognition of real and fantastical entities were assessed by being given colored drawings of them. Next, a categorization task, where they had to sort real and fantastical entities into either being "real", "pretend" and "I don’t know". Lastly a fantasy orientation assessment was conducted, via an impersonation habits and imaginary companion interview. All the children received the same materials and questions during the testing (independent variable), but in random order. In each task, children were scored according to the amount of right/wrong answers, while in interviews scores...

Find Another Essay On Children's Ability to Differentiate Between Real and Fantastical Entities

Differentiate between database management system and information retrieval system by focusing on their functionalities

680 words - 3 pages Differentiate between database management system and information retrieval system by focusing on their functionalities. Database Management System is a database program. It is software designed to assist in maintaining and using the collection of data, and the need for the system, and also use them, is growing rapidly. DBMS contains information about a particular enterprise and provides an environment that is both convenient and efficient to

1. Differentiate between database management system and information retrieval system by focusing on their functionalities

686 words - 3 pages efficiently. For examples, of the data, consider the name, telephone number and address are known, the recorded data is indexed address book, can be stored on a floppy disk, using a personal computer and software such as dBase IV or V, Microsoft Access or Excel . A datum - data unit - is a symbol or a set of symbols used to represent something. The relationship between symbols and what they represent is the essence of what we mean by

Walmart's Ability To Scan And Track Items

827 words - 4 pages Wal-Mart Stores Manage Supply Chain with RFIDDiscussion Questions:1.What benefits has RFID technology provided or is anticipated to provide for Wal-Mart in the management of its supply chain?·RFID technology gives Wal-Mart the ability to scan and track products and merchandise as they leave trucks and warehouses. Wal-Mart's database is updated each time an item is scanned.·Items that are out of stock are restocked quicker and

The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness

1629 words - 7 pages differently they are actually closely linked. All three components are essential to create a good sporting performance; one cannot be useful without the others! It has been quoted that: SKILL=ABILITY+TECHNIQUE (Galligan et al 2000) In any programme of learning and enhancement it is vital to differentiate between people’s physical attributes when deciding the role within the sport and what tasks to give them

How Does the Embryo Take Form and Differentiate to Become an Organised Organism?”

1481 words - 6 pages Throughout this discovery process there have been many questions that have guided the scientific community towards finding answers. One of the earlier questions was “how does the embryo take form and differentiate to become an organised organism?” This question began to be answered in 1924, when H Spermann and H mangold published a paper describing their experimentation with newt embryos. They discovered that by taking the dorsal lip and

The Real Courage-Comparison between the central characters in "Roger Malvin's Burial" and "A Good Man is Hard to Find"

2469 words - 10 pages as a person. He becomes conflicted as a person, as the line between right and wrong for him becomes very gray. The Misfit can't handle the fact that life has treated him unfairly and responds with the evil part of human nature hidden underneath him. Like Reuben, the Misfit also can't muster the inner strength to act in a brave and proper way. The more the Misfit's inner demons haunt him, the more adverse his actions. This comes to an ultimate

The Union's Ability to Conduct Total Warfare and Confederate Defeat

1267 words - 5 pages The Union's Ability to Conduct Total Warfare and Confederate Defeat The American War for Independence was a successful struggle of a smaller nation fighting a larger, more powerful force. However, in the case of the American Civil War, the larger more powerful Union defeated the southern Confederacy. The Union won the Civil War because the Confederacy could not sustain a war of attrition in the Napoleonic style that evolved into Total War

Woodrow Wilson and His Ability To be an Effective President

1344 words - 5 pages ability to be a lawyer. During this time he was in and out of sickness.( 2 )Wilson did not really want to be a lawyer. His main area of interest was in politics. His first taste of politics was during his term as Governor of New Jersey. He took this seat in office with sites of presidency two years later. He let this be known in aletter he wrote to a friend in June of 1910. In the letter he said this 'It is immediately, as you know, the question

Anna Larina: Stalinist Terror and Her Ability to Survive

1651 words - 7 pages and how people survived in spite of them.The founding causes of Stalinist terror can be traced back to a rivalry between Stalin and Leon Trotsky. This began when Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Lev Kamenev formed United Opposition in 1926-7 to Stalin's narrowing hold on political appointments. Stalin repressed the members of the opposition by not allowing them to speak at committee meetings and party conferences. "Defeated at a Central Committee meeting in

Use specific and real examples of differences between countries to evaluate the usefulness and limitations of a model of cultural differences

1774 words - 7 pages 1.0 IntroductionThis report aims to investigate the cultural differences between Indonesia and Australia using the Hofstede's Model of Cultural Differences. It will consider the usefulness of the model and look into other theories and thoughts of others.2.0 Hofstede's Model of Cultural DifferencesDr. Geert Hofstede researched on how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. During his period of working at IBM he gathered and studied

Accountable Practitioner - Consent; and Application to Practice - Dementia and ability to give informed consent

3745 words - 15 pages School of Nursing, this module has looked at the scenarios of Pamela and Eddie. From the Pamela scenario our group queried her ability to give consent when she was in a confused and agitated state. Even though consent may have been gained prior to the original operation date some changes were discussed in the scenario and therefore I believe these changes should have been discussed with Pamela and further consent should have been gained. So the

Similar Essays

Differentiate Between Draught And Canned Beer

1512 words - 6 pages STUDY The claim to this experiment is that a subject could not differentiate between draught and canned beer. Each beer assumedly was brewed to the same uniform standard i.e. Miller Lite. Although, each beer is brewed differently a few other variables may or may not contribute to different a taste. Handling of packages maybe different because draught beer is stored in an aluminum keg, which contains much greater volume, which could potentially

The Differences Between Skill, Ability And Technique

1854 words - 7 pages The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique Ability is the natural aptitude that we are born with. Both ability and technique are necessary to perform skill, especially in sport. Ability is often considered as the building blocks in sport and generally seen as being innate, meaning you are born with them or develop them early on in life. Without these you will never be able to perform a skill fully. For

Which Factors Determine The Differences Between Adults' And Children' S Ability To Learn A Second Language?

2244 words - 9 pages Marian Hoefnagel-Hohle carried out a study on the different ability between adults and children to acquire a second language in terms of pronunciation, morphology, syntax and sentence judgement (Lightbown & Spada, 1999). By the results, it is concluded that adults learn faster in most fields, except for pronunciation, at the early stage of second language development, especially with professional or academic interaction. However, children

Differentiate Between Database Management System And Information Retrieval System By Focusing On Their Functionalities.

764 words - 4 pages data should be well define. The data should be able to deliver its information. Although the data is a simple, but based on the data the information should be define through the data accurately. While Information usually consists structure that established relationships between entities. Data becomes information when the data can answer question as “who”, “what”, “where”, “when”, and “how many” that can give meaning for the data. Information