The Human Body From The Renaissance Period To The 1st Century

1002 words - 5 pages

In my project, I focus on how the environment affects the human body in any way, while I especially focus on the female body, the upper part of it. There are many artists of the Renaissance period that study the human body, but those that mostly fascinate me are Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. They drew the human body as inspiration, and began to portray the body realistically. The theory was identified as Realism. The artworks of Renaissance represent people in different environments and how they are affected by them.
The Renaissance is a period of time where interest in art was rediscovered, a dark period where Europeans sought after a new life, “a cultural rebirth, a renaissance”. That is where the meaning of Renaissance came from and it means ‘rebirth’ or ‘awakening’.
These new cultural movements stimulated artists, while Italy’s trade with Europe and Asia produced wealth that created a large market for art. During the period of the Renaissance, art was controlled by the Catholic Church’s rules which gave artists strict guidelines about what the finished product was to look like. Medieval art was more or less plane and did not depict the world or human beings very realistically. The strong economy during that time provided people such as bankers and merchants a lot of wealth that could be spend on works of art. In those days it was a way of showing their status. For this reason, artists were very flexible on what to choose for their works so they took advantage of it and tried new techniques and themes. Nude paintings came to the forefront in the Renaissance largely because the naked human figure represents a timeless ideal of humanity. The artists were starting to understand perspective and realistic forms. Many of the nudes you see are a result of their experimentation. They wanted to paint something both beautiful and realistic and also they were trying to understand the human body in all its forms: anatomy, skin tones, bone structure, etc. One interesting thing to note is that, during that time period, when you look at the painting of a woman's figure as opposed to a man’s; she doesn't look "feminine". That is because they didn't realize that the rib cage and skeletal structure was different from a man's. A woman's "hourglass figure" is due to the fact that she has one less set of ribs than a man; something unknown to the artists of the time period.
Leonardo da Vinci lived from 1452 to 1519. His most famous works that were drawn using oil colours are called “The Last Supper” and “The Mona Lisa”. He always took his time to finish a piece. That is why his way of paintings seems so cautious and accurate. The skills he developed were regarded as practical and manual that were so unique that not many artists in the History of Art could antagonize to....

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