Youth Crime Reoffending, Theories And Solutions

1570 words - 7 pages

In England, conforming to the Civitas’s Crime report Youth Crime in England and Wales (2010) the youngest age that someone can be prosecuted is as young as ten years old. It is also mentioned that trailing, patrolling and applying penalties on young offenders costs almost four billion pounds annually. The numbers of first time offences committed by a young person has decrease over the years; according to the Youth Justice Statistics (2014) youth crime is down by 63% since 2002. In regards to the offences themselves, nearly every offence category has decreased in reoccurrence with exception to drug offences declares Civitas’s Youth Crime in England and Wales (2010). The same report states that theft and handling remains the highest volume category taking up 21% of all youth crime. It is shortly followed by violence against a person, 19.5%, and criminal damage, 11.9%. It can be concluded from both aforementioned reports that crime in the UK is decreasing. Contrariwise to this, youth reoffending rates are soaring concludes Civitas’s Youth Crime in England and Wales (2010).
Around a third of those on community sentences and prison-leavers will reoffend within a year, and that figure rises to 58 per cent for those who have served less than a year. It is reported by Civitas’s Youth Crime in England and Wales (2010) that males in comparison to females, have a much higher re-offending rate. Males are less restricted to conform to the society, and therefore once branded a criminal much less likely to make an effort and attempt to correct this label. The Ministry of Justice Guidance is quoted in the same report saying that “Frequency rates by disposal (sentenced type) should not be compared to assess the effectiveness of sentences, as there is no control for known differences in offender characteristic or other factors that may affect both reoffending and the type of sentence given.” It was found by Civitas’s Youth Crime in England and Wales (2010) that in 2004 after being released from jail a staggering 75% of 18 to 20 year old men had reoffended within the span of two year. You might say that these people are no longer youths. Nevertheless, their first time offences were committed as youths consequentially raising their chances of reoffending.
There are many contributing factors to youth crime but the main factors are Family, School, and Friends. There is a vital role in early intervention as Family is one of the main contributors. Family specifically contributes if the child is witnessing cruelty at home, being neglected, receiving scarce parental support, having lack of positive role models, poor supervision or monitoring being applied to, aware of parental antisocial behaviour, comes from a low income home and when and if criminal activity is noticed the parent fails to control the child and push them away from crime. School is the second biggest contributor. A child not taking part in education, or poor attendance or performance in school may raise...

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