The prevalence of depression in young children and adolescents today is astounding; one out of thirty three children suffer from depression. Shockingly, until fairly recently deprssion in small children was not established as a real disorder. Consequently, the scientific research needed to comprehend how children experience depression, the causes of their depression, and treatment options have emerged over the past twenty years. (the psychiatry depressed source book) &( Dubuque, S.(1998) . Depression is defined as a serious medical condition where a person is in a constant state of sadness, feels hopeless, and unimportant and often is unable to live in a normal way (merriam- webster.com) children who suffer from depression have constant feelings of sadness while similtaneously experience problems concentrating, have very little motivation, are often irratible, suffer from seperation anxiety and can even experience relentless physical pain like headaches and stomach pain which does not improve with treatment. Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
The specific causes of depression in children are unknown. It could develop as a result of combined factors that are assocaiated with physical health, life experiences, family history, environment, genetic predisposition, and biochemical disturbance. (webmd). Because childhood depression may be comorbid with, anxiety disorders or ADD, recognizing and diagnosing it can be difficult. (dubuque, 1998) Studies have shown that children who experience a lot stress, have attention problems, have a learning disability, or have conduct disorders are at higher risk for depression. proquest childhood depression) Depression is a recurring disorder, where especially in children, throughout one's life, there are moments of content followed by recurring moments of depression or depression mania. Depression affect a childs life in a most detrimental way. it can change the way they act at home at school with their peers. if untreated, depression can have devastating effects. (the book source. (proquest childhood depression)
By being aware of the symptoms and learning strategies to help these children, educators can play a key role in helping to tackle this national health crisis. (the ed digest)
A study was conducted on maternal depressive symptoms and behavior problems in pre-school children from low-income families. The study endeavored to discover if maternal depression changed their preschool child's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. The participants included 914 mother-teacher dyads of chidlren age (M=62.9.months SD=4.0), who suffer from poverty stricken homes and who are in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. The study began in 1996 and was followed-up with interviews collected from 2002-2004. A Shortened version of the Center for Epidimiolgic Studies Depression Scales (CES-D-SF) was used to measure the current level of depression in the mother's of the...