Youth Gangs An Overview Essay

2271 words - 9 pages

Introduction Youth gangs and the myriad of problems associated with them were once thought to involve a relatively small number of major urban areas whose gang troubles mirrors those of the stereotypical West Side Story scenario. Isolated, under-privileged, youth involved with petty crime and "intimate" physical force played-out only amongst themselves. No longer is this the case. Since 1980, the United States has seen a proliferation of youth gangs. The number of cities with gang problems has increased. This has fueled the public's fear of gangs and enlarged their possible misconceptions about gang problems.History of Juvenile Gangs Youth gangs are generally believed to have first appeared in Western Europe or Mexico. The reason for the emergence of gangs in the United States is uncertain, as is the exact date. The earliest recorded incidence of youth gangs dates back to 1783 or towards the end of American Revolution. Social upheaval, displaced families, and a new economy may have caused this birth of a new sub-culture taking form. Youth gangs may have emerged spontaneously from pre-teen social groups or as a response to the industrialization of American culture (Block, 1996). Another theory is that youth gangs first emerged following the mexican migration into the American southwest following the Mexican Revolution in 1813. Mexican youth encountered difficult social and cultural adjustment in America coupled with extremely poor living condition in the southwest. Their organization of gangs and the criminal activity that followed stemmed from a need for survival and support. Schools were few and inadequate and menial jobs as we know them today were non-existent (Moore, 1978). By the early to mid 1800's gangs started to spread to the industrialized Northeast region of the United States. Gangs flourished in large urban cities such as New York, Boston, Philadelphia and particularly Chicago. Migration and population shifts within the United States reached peak levels during this time and the major cities were magnets for rural and immigrant families seeking employment opportunities. Gang activity, level of violence and proliferation seem to be directly related to population shifts within American society. Cultural, societal and economic changes in the United States influence gang activity. In the United States, gang growth and it's highest activity has happened during four distinct periods in history: the late 1800's, the 1920's, the 1960's and the 1990's (Curry, 1988).In the past youth gangs were largely influenced by the availability of exploitable sources of money. In the modern era youth gangs have been greatly effected by increased mobility, the use of deadlier weapons and the emergence of the drug culture. Confrontations between rival gangs once involved fistfights together with the use of crude weapons such as chains, bats or brass-knuckles. The gangs were less mobile so their presence was generally limited to distinct neighborhoods and...

Find Another Essay On Youth gangs an overview

"Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"

913 words - 4 pages "Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"Youth gangs are very attractive to youths in the inner-cities of America. These gangs are usually very corrupt and violent. What many people do not realize is that these gangs are having a large impact on not only the youth of America, but this country in general. A youth gang is a group of adolescents, primarily twelve to eighteen years old, whose members describe

Gang influence Essay

2213 words - 9 pages schools that have gangs in attendance are a very bad influence to other students who may be considered potential gang members. Another negative effect of youth gang violence in our society leads young children to crime and turns them into criminals spending most of their life time in prisons. A major impact of gang presence in schools is that students are afraid to go to school (National Center for Education Statistics [NCES],

Gang Violence

1317 words - 5 pages youth themselves to acclimate to. Therefore as portrayed, it can be really overwhelming for both a youth and their family when their child decides to join a gang. Gangs put society in an unsafe state filled with destruction. Lee states that “A twenty one year old man was stabbed to death by several gang members” (2). This is just a portion of the massive deterioration caused by a gang. Gangs tend to do things that are even more severe

Juvenile Gangs

1288 words - 5 pages 38% of members are female. (Youth Gangs and Violence) It is highly likely that the eighth graders estimate are more accurate than the police considering they see what is going on among their peers each day. In Chicago, Illinois alone they have clearly identified 100 female gangs with an estimated 1,000 members. (Hamlin 1998) Female members are usually younger than male gang members, also.Because they are girls that does not make then any less

Tha screets 4-life

1633 words - 7 pages ) had an attachment to their 'hood or territory (Roth 698). They stood up for their set. If other people that they don't know come around started something. The gang would most likely get involved. In the 70's is when the real gangs started, like the Bloods and the Crips (Sounder 33). The Bloods where a gang that started in LA and all they wore was red to represent the gang. Of course the Crips wore the color blue to represent that gang. This was

Gangs and Teenage Violence

2040 words - 8 pages numbers of hate groups seem to be declining. The fastest growing hate group consists mostly of young people from the ages 16 to 25. White racism is a social problem. Membership of the 125-year-old Klu Klux Klan is at an all time low. The Klan was formed in the south after the Civil War. Members of the Klan often hanged or burned blacks. Few skinheads have joined the Klan and many have joined a group called WAR. Gangs began to form in the

The Gang Issue of America

2256 words - 9 pages Halliburted (a probation officer and head of an exceptionally successful gang prevention program in Columbia, Ohio) has given different ideas to help the lives of young people in trouble: Provide job training and jobs for ex-gang members and offenders; Provide alternatives to gangs and ways for youth to gain status; Identify the leadership in the community; Focus on relationships with youth, not just changing behavior; When dealing with youth

The Inmate Subculture in United States Prisons: An Overview

1784 words - 7 pages The Inmate Subculture in United States Prisons: An Overview The Subculture Phenomena within Prisons To be able to discuss the issue of the inmate sub-cultures in prison I will first have to discuss what subcultures are and major reasons that they form. First of all the term subculture in general is kind of like a small culture within and not always accepted by members of a larger one known as a society. Societies as a whole are very large

Youth Gangs

2633 words - 11 pages based on an interrelatedness that connects every aspect of gang life together within a complex web of interactions. Successful research endeavors and prevention and intervention programs must aim to approach Youth gangs from a holistic and systematic perspective, taking into account the highly complex structure, process, functionality, and culture that are located within the core of every Youth gang.ReferencesBroderick, C. B. (2003). Family

Gang Prevention in Schools

1279 words - 5 pages , 59(3): 301-321. 2. Forsyth, DR. 2010. Group Dynamics. Belmont: Brooks. 3. Friedkin, NE. 2004. Social Cohesion. Annual review of Sociology, 30: 409-425. 4. Spergel, IA. March 1992. Youth Gangs: An Essay Review. Social Service Review, 66(1): 121-140. 5. Steyn, AF and Uys, T.1998. The Small Group: Structure and Dynamic. Pretoria: Consortium. 6. Wing Lo*, T. 2012. Triadization of Youth Gangs in Hong Kong. The British Journal of Criminology, 52: 556-576.

Youth Participation In Gangs

1262 words - 5 pages Youth participation in gangs actually decreased from 1996 to 2004, but the violence within these gangs has not. Homicides committed by youth gang members still remain as a monumental problem across the United States of America. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention reported in its 2004 survey of youth gangs that there were an estimated 760,000 gang members that year. Many of the kids affiliated with gangs come from lower

Similar Essays

Description And Analysis Of The Different Types Of Gangs In The Us

1409 words - 6 pages :// Pacheco, H. R. (2010). Gang 101: Understanding the culture of youth violence. Retrieved from Tower, C. (2013). Exploring child welfare: A practice perspective (6th ed.). Boston, US: Allyn and Bacon. Walker, R. (2013, October 15). Gangs or us. Retrieved March 9, 2014, from http

Youth Gangs Essay

615 words - 2 pages , Miller (1974) offered a clear, arguably measurable checklist of sorts for the continued study of gangs. Specifically, gangs will have structured organization, identifiable leadership, territorial identification, continuous association, specific purpose, and illegal behavior. Though based in Russia, Salagaev, Shashkin, Sherbakova and Touriyanskiy (2005), offer an extension of this definition by adding that in a “delinquent” youth gang the members

Canadian Gangs Essay

1343 words - 5 pages activity [2] (Statistics Canada, 2008). Gangs have been around for many years; the founders of some of the original gangs in the United States will be discussed. The statistics of youth gangs in Canada will be presented followed by an in depth discussion about why young adults can be persuade into joining a gang. Often females do not contribute that the youth gangs in society; a discussion about the increasing presence of females and their roles

Youth Violence Essay

1548 words - 7 pages from Tunstall, L. (2009). Gangs: An overview. Great Neck Publishing. Weisz, D. (2013, November 22). Breaking down the knockout game. Retrieved from Voisin, D. R. (2007). The effects of family and community violence exposure among youth: Recommendations for practice and policy. (1 ed., Vol. 43). Journal of Social Work Education.