Yr 10 Study Notes Commerce Written By Nick Lancaster<Tab/>

3241 words - 13 pages

Topics:GovernmentLawGovernment:The roles of government:· Providing law and order· Controlling economic problems· Providing goods and services· Protecting the environment· Protecting individualsTypes of GovernmentDemocracy is where we elect people to govern a society, its is a lot fairer and lets everyone have a sayA dictatorship system of government in which one person or a small group of people have absolute control.Autocracy is rule by a person with virtually unlimited authority.Why do we have governmentsThe government is in place so people are protected, they put measures in so people don't get unfairly treated these include laws, welfares, security· It is important that the government controls these aspects so the economy doesn't go into depression· It is important that the government provides these services as private firms cannot raise enough revenue to build such things as hospitals and schoolsWhat is a monopoly, what does the government doA monopoly is a control over an aspect of living; the government regulates them so businesses are not unfairly disadvantaged.Australia as a governmentOur First governor was Arthur Phillip who was appointed by the British Government.He had such powers to administer the law, maintain armed forces and control the money flow.· The People became demanding and wanted to share the government more· The government was slowly turning into a democracy· As more people where included the tyranny was taken away· Australia received self government from Britain on the 1st of January 1901· A constitution was drawn upWhat is the ConstitutionA constitution is a body of rules and laws in which a country is governed under, it helps to keep the country in working order and fair on the community it governs.Specialization in governmentSpecialization mean that an individual, a firm an industry or region focuses on a specific type of activity· In Australia the government is organized on a federal system that divides the responsibilities between three levels of governmentThe three branches of government· The legislative branch - consist of the upper and lower house of parliament· The executive branch - consists of the governor-general· The judicial branch - consists of the court system required to carry out the laws made by parliamentThe federal system of government:NationalThe commonwealth government responsible for looks after national issues such as immigration and tradeStatethe state government is responsible for state issues such as police, hospitals and main roadslocallocal government is responsible for services such as rubbish collection and librariesEach level of government is suited so each level deals with the matters it is most suited to handle.· Federal government controls matters that affects everyone equally,· State levels can control and make laws on matters it controls· Local...

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