Zoonotic Diseases And Risk Factors Essay

1456 words - 6 pages

The purpose of this paper is to focus on a subject within my educational field that I can research and inform the public about. I plan to become a veterinarian .which would require my daily contact with humans and animals. Zoonotic diseases are risk factors that I have to be aware of in order to protect myself as well as my patients and their owners. Luckily developments in medicine have made it possible to cure zoonotic diseases and even prevent them from ever being contracted.
There are thing that make people more susceptible to contracting zoonotic diseases. Either it’s knowingly or unknowingly, humans are prone to the dangers of being direct targets of zoonotic diseases. Zoonotic diseases are transmittable in various ways weather through ingestion or direct contact. There are countless numbers of zoonotic diseases some more commonly known than others but all equally important. Preventing the contraction or spread of zoonotic diseases is easily manageable with medication and vaccines along with following small tips that not only protect humans but the animal population as well.
Zoonosis is a Greek word. ("Zoonosis." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 12 May 2010. Web.) Zoonosis directly translates as animal disease. Zoon means animal. Noson means disease. ("Zoonosis." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 12 May 2010. Web.) Zoonotic diseases are diseases or infections that are transmitted from (vertebrate) animals and to humans. Zoonotic diseases are often compared to epidemics but epidemics an infectious disease in a community during a particular time. The life span of disease depends on its ability to survive in a human population for long periods of time. The life span can be further extended if the disease causing agent can survive without a human host. In some cases zoonotic diseases and epidemics are similar for example the fact that both diseases need a human host in order to survive compares them. However the underlining difference is epidemic diseases are subjective to a certain time period or a particular population while zoonotic diseases are unpredictable, time wise and are not based to a certain population of people. Previously unrecognized, humans fall victim to more zoonotic diseases simply because the interaction between humans and animals have increased over the years. ("Zoonosis." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 12 May 2010. Web.) Fortunately advancements in medicine help prevent the widespread of zoonotic diseases.
There is a wide span of different ways zoonotic diseases can be contracted for example, every day contact with animals, transporting carcasses, by-products (feces/urine), scratches or bites, from milk and milking, contaminated soils, ingesting contaminated animal products. Direct contact with animals is sometimes inescapable when you consider basic daily activities.
Walking your dog in a public park can pose a threat because your pet might be in direct contact with other animals that may not be up to...

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