2284 words - 9 pages
Segregation is a concept as old as time, and it is not unique to the United States.
South Africa still suffers from the effects of an organized and government mandated
system of segregation called apartheid that lasted for over a quarter of a century.
Apartheid, literally translated from Afrikaans, means apartness (Mandela 40). It is
defined as a policy of racial segregation and “political and economic discrimination
against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa” (“Apartheid”). According
to Robin Cohen, South African apartheid was based on four basic premises: “white
monopoly of political power, the manipulation of space to achieve racial segregation, the
1600 words - 6 pages
The word apartheid comes in two forms, one being the system of racial segregation in South Africa, and the other form is the form that only those who were affected by apartheid can relate to, the deeper, truer, more horrifying, saddening and realistic form. The apartheid era truly began when white South Africans went to the polls to vote. Although the United Party and National Party were extremely close, the National party won. Since they won, they gained more seats and slowly began to eliminate the black’s involvement with the political system. With the National Party in power, they made black South African life miserable which continues to exist in South Africa’s society today. To...
856 words - 3 pages
Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for “apartness” was the system used in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed all racist laws against blacks and all other minorities. Nelson Mandela is one of the great leaders of our time.
A hero whose lifelong struggle to the fight against Apartheid in South Africa won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of his...
1515 words - 6 pages
South African ecologists currently face many challenges relating to the conservation of biodiversity and the growing economy. Excessive hunting and land development, as well as unemployment, all remain growing concerns for this struggling country. Jan-Hendrik, a South African who made contact with us, stated, “South Africa has lots of social and economic problems because most people are poor. To get them to middle class requires the economy to grow through mines and the expansion of living areas” (Hendrik). The growth of South Africa’s economy often occurs at nature’s expense. Mining, fracking, expansion of living areas and big game hunting all benefit the economy. Unfortunately, each have...
1807 words - 7 pages
"During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."
-- Nelson Mandela -- 20 April 1964. Rivonia trial
South Africa is a land of abundant natural resources, mild climate, and fertile lands. Their resources range from diamond and gold to platinum and their land is fertile enough to feed the rest of...
643 words - 3 pages
Politicians, religious leaders and social commentators have all spoken about a breakdown in morality in South Africa, with crime as the most commonly cited evidence. The lack of respect for the sanctity of human life, for the next person, private property, disregard for the law of the land, lack of parental control over children, and the general blurring of the lines between right and wrong are continuing to plague our communities. To communicate my opinion on the controvercial subject of moral degeneration, I would like to refer to the roots of this dilemma.
Even though we as the post-Apartheid teenagers tend to roll our eyes at the mere mentioning of the word, we must acknowledge the...
1223 words - 5 pages
Caltex plant was established in South Africa in 1977 after the owners decided to expand its operations in South Africa. The construction of the plant brought controversy over the interested parties, there were two dimensions of the utilitarian benefits of the Caltex plant, and there were violations of the justice and of moral rights whereas on the other side there were possible benefits to the South Africans. The plant setup was helpful in that it provided job opportunities to majority of South African blacks, for their families and dependants. By 1976, American companies in south Africa had employed more than 60,000 people, this ensured that they had something to rely on for their survival,...
1729 words - 7 pages
In this essay the concepts of sensitive periods and critical periods are going to be discussed, and critically evaluated in regards to identity development amongst South Africans. In doing so one should also take into consideration South Africa’s historical context. The period of Adolescence is when individual undergoes a set of physical and psychological changes, known as the teenage years, and begins the progression to adulthood. In other words the individual achieves psychological maturity and social maturity (Mwale, 2010). As a consequence of South Africa’s historical background of Apartheid, adolescence in South Africa and the identity development of nationals has to be carefully...
1352 words - 5 pages
IN A Time of Need"Everyday lost is a day in when 10,000 more people become infected with AID." - Kofi AnnanSeventeen million people are dead. Twenty-five million more have the same death sentence hanging over their heads. An entire continent is held captive by the fear of this killing machine. By the year 2010 life expectancy on this continent will have plummeted to the levels found at the beginning of the last century. This phenomenon is described as pandemic, a word formed from the Greek roots "pan" meaning all and "dem" meaning people. It is affecting all people and it will continue to do so unless drastic steps are taken right now to break the stranglehold that this...
1347 words - 5 pages
Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to Apartheid in South Africa because he was a believer in basic human rights, leading both peaceful and violent protests against the white South African Government. His beliefs landed him in prison for twenty-seven years, almost three decades. In doing so, he became the face of the apartheid movement both in his country and around the world. When released from prison in 1990, he continued to honor his commitment to fight for justice and equality for all people in South Africa. In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected to become the first black president of South Africa and formed a government that represented the people of South Africa.
What was Apartheid?...
818 words - 3 pages
Bringing Apartheid to an EndApartheid ? What do think that word means? Well in the Afrikaans language it means separateness. It was a cruel way of separating people. Four different groups were formed from this new law. These included Black, White, Mixed, and Asiatic. Some groups were treated better than the others. Example of that was be whites and blacks. Whites were treated more superior while the blacks were treated inferior. Although there were much more blacks than whites they couldn't throw over the government. The reason for that is because the government and the Afrikaners set up police and security organizations or systems around the city to prevent the blacks striking at...
943 words - 4 pages
Cry, the Beloved Country, a book by Alan Paton, deals with the thematic struggle of South Africa and the oppression of blacks. In it, a black parson, Stephan Kumalo, goes on a journey to find his family. Everyday holds new fear, not only for Stephan, but also for everyone in South Africa. Each character in Cry, the...
833 words - 3 pages
Social Segregation in Cities: GentrificationWhat is gentrification?Gentrification is a process in which low-cost, physically deteriorated neighborhoods experience physical renovation and an increase in property values, along with an increase in wealthier residents who typically replace the prior residents.IntroductionJohannesburg, also known as Egoli is the largest city in South Africa. It is part of the Gauteng province; the most wealthy province of South Africa. More than three million people live in Johannesburg. Johannesburg alone, accounts for 16% of South Africa's GDP.Johannesburg's...
2552 words - 10 pages
Origins of Apartheid
In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families. British forces won the war, converting the two Boer states into colonies who were...
1327 words - 5 pages
The above statistics are alarming given the focus of resources to these stations. It seems, from the face of it, that the implementation of Presidential Stations is not working even though these stations were prioritised over others. The former MEC for Safety and Security from Limpopo also realised the failure in 2000 and was quoted saying that
In our assessment for the past six months, we have found that the Thohoyandou police station failed to improve in terms of combating crime, instead it is getting worse. At the end, it became the worst in the Vhembe District. They have everything, but they still fail us. If you talk about any type of crime, you get it most in Thohoyandou. We talk...
787 words - 3 pages
Rape is a very serious crime, which happens far to frequently in our country, often going unnoticed. Rape is always terrible, but even worse when it is committed against children. It is essential that the coming generations know what rape is, how to deal with it if they are ever affected by it.If the comments from the youth in the cartoon are true, South Africa will then continue to feature high up on the sexual offences list. You cannot have children thinking that incest, or rape by any one is all right. They don't seem to know what rape is, or what happens if you are raped.From the cartoon and my own readings I have picked up on 2 troubling points which should be...
3316 words - 13 pages
1.1The service business I have chosen is a drug and alcohol detoxification and rehabilitation entity called Cresthill Manor. The business is based in Botha's Hill west of Durban and houses 14 beds; 4 for detoxification and 10 for rehabilitation.The Service Characteristics of Cresthill Manor are in keeping with the key service elements. Their service is firstly, Inseparable in that a patient is admitted and taken through a programme of treatment that is based on the "12-Step" programme, where...
648 words - 3 pages
Apartheid in Modern South AfricaApartheid is the legal segregation of races promulgated in the Republic of South Africa. The discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa during the 19th century, ultimately lead to racially segregated compounds for mine workers becoming the fore fathers of apartheid(Kanfer 79). By the 1920s de facto apartheid was the predominant feature of life in South Africa (79). Apartheid, fought against for many years, until now was still a main factor in South Africa life. Today apartheid approaches its final years as political supporters of anti-apartheid such as President Nelson...
1229 words - 5 pages
“Is Renewable energy an economically viable option for South Africa?”
“Renewable Energy is a source of energy that is not exhausted when used.”
“Economical means giving good value in relation to the resources used or money spent.”
“Viable means capable of working successfully; feasible.”
(Soanes, Hawker & Elliot et al., 2005)
So in other words, is renewable energy an affordable and successful option for South Africa.
Per year South Africa uses 1.3 % of the world’s total energy. South Africa’s main energy comes from coal, but one quarter of the coal we mine is exported to other countries. In 2009 71.1% of the total energy sources in South Africa were coal and hydroelectric energy...
1111 words - 4 pages
Repression by the South African government during the apartheid era, has hurt the ability for civil society groups to form. Instead of channeling grievances through civil society organizations that act as a “safety valve” for discontent in a more peaceful way, most South Africans who want to get their voices heard end up using violence as a tool in order to bring political gain.1 The use of violence as a component of South Africa's political culture was originated during the 1980s anti-apartheid struggle, where the ANC and other underground anti-apartheid groups would use violent and militaristic actions, language, and ideas to get their voices heard as part of social mobilization. Even...
5006 words - 20 pages
Doing business in South AfricaWhy South Africa?There are many reasons why I have chosen South Africa. Probably the main reason is well explained by its flag and the nickname derived by it: "Rainbow Nation". This nickname was coined by the first black Archbishop of Cape Town, Desmond Tutu, who played an important role in ethically re-building South Africa in 1994, after the disasters caused by decades of Apartheid.This nickname was minted to describe the ideal of pacific cohabitation between...
1347 words - 5 pages
The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people. This was introduced to stop white and black people mixing. It also affected benches, water fountains and also beaches to humiliate...
1839 words - 7 pages
South Africa is currently an economic leader among the continent of Africa (second only to Nigeria in terms of GDP, yet South Africa has a much smaller population). However, within the worldwide context, South Africa has and continues to endure many issues socially, politically and economically. Because of these, the broadcast news system, comprising of television and radio, has endured an interesting and tumultuous past, and most importantly faces a fascinating future in terms their unique funding model. That being said, the models of both television and radio in South Africa leads one to question the effectiveness of the broadcast system in providing news and content that is fair, unbiased...
6491 words - 26 pages
Introduction.Government exists in order to organise a society or nation into a manageable unit. It seeks to formulate laws for the purpose of instituting a fair, equitable and just society in which individual citizens expect to live safely being organised both to contribute to and to benefit from sound governing policy. Broadly speaking policy consists of three overhead functions which are: policy making, policy implementation and policy analysis and evaluation.The task of this assignment is to concentrate only on policy-making with particular reference to the elimination of the high crime rate in South Africa. The policy-making process has three main steps, namely policy...
1443 words - 6 pages
It was the year 1820 when a ships from Britain came bearing a squashed group of 4000 hopeful English came upon the shores of Cape Town. A land of hope lay ahead of the these familes, who had been selected out of a group of some 90 000- all of whom fleeing the rising unemployment facing Britian after the Napoleonic wars.
On the ship was a young Methodist minister whose longed not to escape England, but to preach the gospel.Little did he know how powerful a impact he would have in history. The Cape was very different from the place of his birth in Glasgow, but William Shaw didn’t mind that. Ever since his conversion when he was 17 he knew he wanted to proclaim the gospel and minister to...
1396 words - 6 pages
In my opinion Caltex’s plan was important to the South African. It allowed the black majority to be able to have top jobs in their companies and it also helped them to be able to be with and care for families and dependants. Blacks had no right to vote, they had to use separate areas in public, including dining places, bathrooms, transportation, and others. Caltex became a founder signatory of the Sullivan Principles in South Africa.
The majority of investment was done by foreign companies. One of the biggest companies was Caltex. There is a different standard of behavior for companies as large as Standard and Texaco. These companies are multi-national with billions of dollars in...
775 words - 3 pages
Black resistance in South Africa took two main forms during the 1970's: industrial action and Black Conciousness. The government were unable to effectively deal with both of these movements and, in the end, decided that they needed to adress apartheid itself. Mean while, many black leaders were imprisoned and even murdered by the government police.From 1961 and 1963 the police succeeded in sufficiently weakening black resistance movements for the duration of the 1960's. A way that they did this was by imprisoning of exiling many black leaders. The ANC and PAC were also banned and the government made sure that blacks were policed closely and harshly. However, the government had much...
3930 words - 16 pages
TERMS OF REFERENCE•To provide information to the financial manager on labour relation issues, equality and privacy, as contained in the Bill of Rights.•To provide information on the Bargaining Council and the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA).•To provide information on what constitutes a fair or unfair dismissal.•To assess the workers right to strike and the consequences.•To provide information on the rights of the employer.•To explain the danger in dismissing females from the work force in terms of pregnancy and maternity benefits.•To guide against implementing discriminatory...
589 words - 2 pages
This paper will examine the role of the school in the construction and dissemination of “Shakespeare” in post-apartheid South Africa. In the context of the history of English in the region, and of Shakespeare’s role in entrenching a particular kind of literacy, the paper aims ultimately to explore some of the implications for the industry of English Literature in post-apartheid South Africa.
Shakespeare still has enormous cultural currency in South Africa as elsewhere; English has always been a language of power in the region, a situation whose continuance is unaffected by the recognition of 11 official languages. David Johnson and Martin Orkin have objected to the ways in which Shakespeare...
1292 words - 5 pages
There has been much discussion about gender and the many different identities linked to it. Gender is the term used to describe the type of sex that a particular person identifies them self with. This sex can either be male or female. However, we live in a society with people having multiple identities. Therefore, I agree with the statement which states that gender identities are in transition in South Africa today. Many South Africans are identifying themselves to a particular gender identity. This essay will clearly show how gender identity is in transition in South Africa.
Many gender identities of South Africans are being formed by the influence of the society taking form as...
1043 words - 4 pages
Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. The environmental impact of gold mining on the environment includes water, air and noise pollution. The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world. It provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in the mining industry alone. The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfully.
Some of the typical impacts that mining in South Africa has on the environment are that it can lead to a loss of biodiversity because of a transformation in the natural habitats and...
2193 words - 9 pages
The Emergence of HIV in South Africa
Much like the emergence of HIV in the United States, the first HIV cases in South Africa were found in the homosexual male population. In 1983, two homosexual, South African men passed away from opportunistic infections associated with autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the months following, many other homosexual men became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which caused the people of South Africa to consider AIDS a disease that solely infected homosexuals. Sadly, this misperception created stigma around becoming infected with HIV.
The media had stuck to the idea that HIV and AIDS were largely a disease of the homosexual...
765 words - 3 pages
The Afrikaans language originates from the Dutch when they immigrated to South Africa, bringing along their own culture and beliefs. The Dutch took the black Africans as well as other Khoi San locals as their slaves and taught them the language of the Dutch and in return incorporated some of their cultural and language into their lifestyles. Over long periods of time several hundred years as new visitors arrived from all over the world their language also became incorporated into the now Afrikaanerdom culture.In 1652 the Dutch occupied...
1620 words - 6 pages
The strength of a nation is not established by the force of its military, economic standing, or government, but rather how its citizens are regarded. In order to attain strength, a nation must respect the principle of solidarity; the power of one voice. For without a defined sense of unity, a society is likely to crumble. Unfortunately, as seen throughout history, civilization has often made it their mission to seek out the differences in one another instead of accepting them. This fear of the unknown has led to humankind’s most despicable behavior; the separation of individuals due to their physical attributes. “Racism is mans gravest threat to man...the maximum of hatred for a minimum...
3078 words - 12 pages
Writing is making sense of life. You work your whole life and perhaps youve made sense of one small area.- Nadine GordimerNadine Gordimer is not your typical, everyday author who strictly puts his or her mind to writing simply another novel or short story. Nadine Gordimer expresses her feelings on apartheid and the separation blacks often felt during her time in South Africa. Born and raised in South Africa, Gordimer often observed the hardships and struggles that African Americans faced every day. Her writing style clearly explains the time of despair and apartheid she so often saw. Gordimer, who is currently 83 years old, still today continues to express her feelings and fights...
715 words - 3 pages
The term apartheid (from the Afrikaans word for "apartness") was coined in the 1930s and used as a political slogan of the National Party in the early 1940s, but the policy itself extends back to the beginning of white settlement in South Africa in 1652. After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. The apartheid was a social and political segregation of the white rulers from the black locals of South Africa.
Dutch farmers, known as the Boers, settled African lands, taking them from the San and the Khoi Khoi. Eventually, a rising Great Britain noted the rich resources and...
1752 words - 7 pages
Located in the developing country, the Dominican Republic; the United Nations International Research and Training institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW), created by the United Nations in 1976 via recommendation of the First World Conference of Women. INSTRAW is an inter-governmental organization (IGO) whose mission is:
“devoted to research, training and knowledge management in partnership
with governments, the United Nations System, civil society and academia
to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment.”
INSTRAW accomplishes their mission by undertaking action-oriented research from a gender perspective that has a concrete impact on policies, programs and...
1473 words - 6 pages
The English and Dutch colonized South Africa in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. The discovery of diamonds in these lands around 1900 resulted in an English invasion that sparked the Boer War. Following independence from England, an uneasy power-sharing between the two groups held sway until the 1940's, when the Afrikaner National Party was able to gain a strong majority. Strategists in the National Party invented apartheid as a means to cement their control over the economic and social system. Initially, aim of the apartheid was to...
643 words - 3 pages
In South Africa, we are fortunate, or maybe unfortunate of having 11 official languages, and five major spoken languages, namely English, Afrikaans, Xhosa, Zulu and Sotho. I say fortunate, because we can celebrate our diverseness, and our wonderful culture, but we also unfortunate, because with diverseness comes confusion, problems and inconveniences.Having 11 official languages sounds grand, and important, to some. It shows that we are multi-cultured, and accepting of all cultures. South Africa, boasts, and punts that we...
1271 words - 5 pages
Introduction and background
It is imperative for small and big businesses to strategize in order to manage themselves and their projects proactively with emphasis on long-term strategy. These strategic decisions must be planned and executed carefully in order to help a business be more competitive, be more profitable and ultimately ensuring its continued existence. Significant research in strategic management really started around the times of World War 2 when export and trade started to thrive, however a lot has changed in the internal and external environments since then.
The modern business environment is very active as there is so much growth and change in...
2232 words - 9 pages
Tuks FMTuks FM was founded in 1980, under the name Radio Tuks. The station officially began broadcasting to the Pretoria University campus cafeteria on 22 April 1981 through landlines (SRC, 2002).Between 1982 and 1984, the station expanded, and in 1995, new FM studios were constructed and opened. At the start of the new millennium, the first permanent station director was appointed, which coincided with the name change from Radio Tuks to Tuks FM (National Association of Broadcasters of South Africa, 2004).In 2000 and 2001, Tuks FM made several major...
1621 words - 6 pages
This report is based on the investigation and research on reducing electricity consumption of certain appliances and to improve energy usage at home. The demand for electricity in South Africa is increasing and it is exceeding electricity supply, research has shown that households contribute 15% to the countries total electricity consumption . Efficient energy usage is very critical; electricity can be used very inefficiently in households during peak load times. In order to tackle this problem the country is facing, this report will give a brief analysis on the usage of domestic electrical appliances and the energy they consume and also identifying the household service...
2338 words - 9 pages
Healthcare During Apartheid
Beginning in the late 1940s, black Africans living in South Africa became targeted by the government and were subjected to exploitative laws based on the color of their skin. They made up 80% of the population at the time (Scrubb). Africans were forced to relocate and live in primarily rural areas that were separate from white South Africans, called Bantustans (Scrubb). The South African government let each Bantustan take control over its own healthcare, which allowed for the government to escape responsibility for how they were run. Without government regulation, healthcare in Bantustans was very poor and sanitary guidelines were often ignored (Scrubb). ...
2172 words - 9 pages
The global network of super powers has claimed many regions through human security, political actions, and economic development. One of the largest landscapes is that of sub-Saharan Africa, in which 50 plus countries make up the geographical landscape (Library of Congress, 2010). In consideration of the long history of changing powers and the colonization of the different countries by Dutch, French, and British influences giving up power after WWII; the prospect of democracy for the sub-Saharan African countries is an ongoing battle (Braithwaite, 2014). South Africa is one example of political changes and the understanding of human security along with economic development.
2406 words - 10 pages
1.INTRODUCTIONThe development of the South African labor movement dates back to the industrialization and the discovery of gold and diamonds in the late 1800's. The South African trade union labour movement was also instrumental in campaigns to end Apartheid. This campaign was based on durable shop-floor structures organized through shop stewards committees. It is also important to understand that trade unions in South Africa were assisted by unions abroad especially those organizing workers in the same transnational corporations, such as the International Labour Organization (ILO).In this essay, I will be applying the Conflict theory of Karl Marx, thus we will...
1393 words - 6 pages
In sub-Sahara Africa, previous U.S. Presidential administrations of 1996 and the 2000 era realized the importance of investing. Together Clinton and Bush provided millions and billions of dollars towards operations in aid, construction, conflict resolution, and political intervention (Braithwaite, 2014). Critics of the current administration say that the current President has not done enough investing in the African regions because Obama has made contact with a minimal three countries. Current policies are weak because only privatized small individual holders have access to open markets, while superpowers like China currently are trading 2 billion in capital. The U.S. only trades 1 billion;...
1204 words - 5 pages
Uses of water in South AfricaIndustry, mining and forestry share the left over 28% of water as well as any water resources. Only 9% of rain water is available, as the rest is lost due to surface run-off. Run-off is used in agriculture - mainly irrigation - then used in industries, domestic use and then mining.Domestic: Water usage is one of the most prominent forms of consumption. As people become richer, the amount of domestic water used rapidly increases.In 2000, South Africa's domestic use of water varied from 50 to 99 cubic meters per person, per year. Although most of this water is used...
1608 words - 6 pages
In a society filled with crime, violence, and corruption prisons are overflowing and imprisonment often creates more hardened criminals, rather than creating rehabilitated persons. South Africa needs to adopt a less putative approach to the punishment of crimes, and restorative justice can either help achieve this or only worsen matters. In this essay I will evaluate this punishment theory with regard to case law, legislation and various implementations relating to the matter. In evaluating these, I will develop my own opinion on restorative justice and its efficacy in a South African context.
Restorative justice: background and history
The main aim of restorative justice is to...
1629 words - 7 pages
The mining sector is one of the largest sources of income in South Africa, after the Agricultural sector. It has been a major supporter to the industrialization of South Africa after the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in1871, and the Witwaterstand goldfields in 1886 (Sorenses, 2012, p.22). This essay would be focusing more on the environmental and social effects mining of Coal, Gold and Uranium has on the soil in South Africa. The waste tailings from the mines are been washed away into the drainage and water system, and atmospheric sulphur, SO2, is been absorbed into the atmosphere causing acid rain. The effluent from the Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) enters surface water bodies and the...