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Culture Shock1 Definition of CultureCulture as the most complex terms has countless different definitions ranging from complicated phrases to the simple statement describing culture as "the way we do things around here". The widely used definition of culture is that of Meads (1951), "A body of learned behaviour, a collection of beliefs, habits and traditions, shared by a group of people and successively learned by people who enter the society"(Joynt and Warner, 1996, P. 33). Hofstede(1980) created the very illustrative definition of culture as "the collective programming of the mind which...
4623 words - 18 pages
1 Definition of Culture
Culture as the most complex terms has countless different definitions
ranging from complicated phrases to the simple statement describing
culture as "the way we do things around here". The widely used
definition of culture is that of Meads (1951), "A body of learned
behaviour, a collection of beliefs, habits and traditions, shared by a
group of people and successively learned by people who enter the
society"(Joynt and Warner, 1996, P. 33). Hofstede(1980) created the
very illustrative definition of culture as "the collective programming
of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category
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Culture in simplicity is a body of learned behavior, a collection of beliefs, habits and traditions, shared by a group of people and successively learned by people who enter the society. Furthermore, culture is learned, not inherited. If this is correct, then it can be assumed that it is not impossible to learn new cultural traits and to unlearn old ones. Therefore, it must be feasible to integrate cultural differences. Cultural adaptation would involve many essentials as, language; verbal and non-verbal, economics, religion, politics, social institutions, values, attitudes, manners, customs, material items, aesthetics and education.Culture shock is primarily a set of emotional...
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A SHOCKED CULTUREWhen speaking of the term "culture shock" immediately I identify with being in a foreign country for the first time. This is true but it is not the only exception of culture shock, many encounters can lead to culture shock. For example: starting a new job, moving to a new city, even moving to a new house. According to Kalervo Oberg, who is credited for finding the term "culture shock", there are four stages of this phenomenon. To assist me with describe the four stages I will use the
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"Preparing for a two year overseas assignment in Lagos, Nigeria, a U.S. business person during the 1970's submitted to no fewer than 27 shots as a protective measure against everything from yellow fever to hepatitis. Although he managed to avoid any dreaded tropical disease during his assignment, he contracted one malady for which there was no vaccination. The disease was culture shock". (Ferraro, 1998, 130)"Critically analyse why a manager working abroad might experience culture shock and what can be done to manage or alleviate it".From 1945 onwards, international business operations have become reality for a multitude of corporations. A profuse number of these companies'...
951 words - 4 pages
The United States is a continent with a diverse existing population today; this country is known as a melting pot of different cultures, each one unique in its own respect. Culture; differentiate one societal group from another by identification beliefs, behaviors, language, traditions, Art, fashion styles, food, religion, politics, and economic systems. Through lifelong and ever changing processes of learning, creativity, and sharing, culture shapes our patterns of behavior and thinking. A culture’s significance is so profound that it touches almost every aspect of who and what we are. Culture becomes the telescope through which we perceive and evaluate what is going on around us. Trying to...
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"Kids today have no moral values or sense of culture!" - a very common grievance of parents today whose parents -in their time- lamented about their lack of ethics and whose parents in turn complained of their unfavorable attitudes, whose parents again worried about the decline in tradition. This cycle of change in culture dates back even to times when what we now call 'our culture' and 'our ethics' were not even formed. It is evident that man has constantly felt the breath of changing values and cultural shock breathing down his neck, following him relentlessly over ages and posing him the same apparent danger that we claim to face today. Many have felt it, seen it, hated it and feared...
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Dealing with Culture Shock in American Expatriate Community
The American expatriate community is the population of all Americans that are temporarily or permanently living outside the borders of the United States. These overseas-Americans, numbering over 6.32 million strong (Association for American Residents Overseas), confront many issues when they leave their homeland and transition to a new life in a foreign country. These issues can include dealing with the local language or trying to unravel the esoteric tax laws overseas workers must follow.
One of the major issues that American expatriates (or “expats”) confront is the issue of culture shock (Top Eight). Culture shock, in...
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Warning: Ready for a Culture Shock
What really is a culture shock? According to Webster’s II 1994 Dictionary, Culture is a particular form of civilization, esp. the beliefs, customs, arts, and institutions of society at a given tome. In this essay I have to admit I will not be discussing how the world is going to be hit by some huge culture shock, but how Culture and Identity relate to situations in my life. For those that know me, know that I was a child exposed to many things while growing up. I moved to many different cities throughout my life and embraced all that I saw around me. These movements brought me to learn and understand cultures besides my own. The way I was raised...
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Personal Narrative- A Lesson in Culture Shock
“ You want to be the same as American girls on the outside.” (Tan, Amy) Like Tan in her narrative “Fish Cheeks”, everyone has had a time in their lives when they wanted to fit in at school or home. Sometimes it is hard to try to blend into the surroundings. Moving from Boston to Tallahassee has taught me a lot about such things like honor, pride, and self-reliance. Such is related to us in Wilfred Owens’s “Dulce et Decorum est” which is about his experience in World War I. Sometimes experiences such as moving can teach more about life than any long lecture from any adult. As the old saying goes: “Actions speak louder than words.”
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A sudden change in one’s surroundings can result in culture shock. Culture shock refers to the anxiety and surprise a person feels when he or she is discontented with an unfamiliar setting. The majority of practices or customs are different from what a person is used to. One may experience withdrawal, homesickness, or a desire for old friends. For example, when a person goes to live in a different place with unfamiliar surroundings, they may experience culture shock. Sometimes it is the result of losing their identity. In the article “The Phases of Culture Shock”, Pamela J. Brink and Judith Saunders describe four phases of culture shock. They are: Honeymoon Phase, Disenchantment...
2097 words - 8 pages
Johanna Abrams is a 21-year old senior Economics major at State University. At State, she has been on Orientation staff for 3 years, facilitates the freshman Leadership learning community, and is an active member in both the economics and accounting honors societies. She lives with three roommates in a house located in Hanover, Ohio. Johanna’s mother and father currently live in San Francisco, California, and her brother attends law school in Oregon. Johanna has never lived in the same location for more than 10 years. Her family must relocate due to her father’s job. Born on Toledo, Ohio, Johanna has lived in Germany, Ohio, California, and Texas. She attended boarding school for three...
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Esmeralda JimenezBlock 28/9/03"Big Bob's Place"It is five years later and I can still remember my first, and last, visit to Big Bob's Place. Stopping in to see if anyone could tell us where to locate the turn we had missed, my mom and I, saw the most disgusting place we had ever seen. I could tell my mother was in total disbelief because of her red face and the loud gagging sound coming from her sunburned neck. She was about to throw-up the grease drenched fries and hamburger we had eaten earlier all over the beat- up chairs that couldn't withstand the weight of a feather. Big Bob owns and runs that restaurant in the middle of the town of
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In this paper, I am trying to discuss the culture shock that people who study abroad face, or when they go to different cities. Culture shock refers to ‘‘the difficulties that you experience as you integrate into a new society’’ UCI Study Abroad Center. (n.d.). In my class I learned that there are many differences between cultures. These differences can be the reasons why people have a culture shock. For example, I had a culture shock first when I came to the U.S for study. My culture shock was because the relationship between men and women which is really different with my country. In Saudi Arabia the men cannot have a close relationship with women, which is okay here in the...
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Culture in ancient times was defined as “the sum total of the equipment of the human individual, which enables him to be attuned to his immediate environment on the historical past on the other”. It reflects in effect what humans have added to Nature. It comprises the spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of a society and includes, in addition to the arts and letters, the value systems, traditions, modes of life and beliefs of the society. It also absorbs from other cultures and undergoes changes with time, sometimes beneficial, sometimes regressive. (Barlas, 15). Culture shock is a severe psychological reaction that results from adjusting to the realities of a...
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"Here, my daughter is, thinking all I want is money" (I want to connect this to the end by showing how Heidi experienced CS and use the language barrier as an example)."Daughter from Danang" is a documentary about Mai Thi Heip. She was taken from her mother at age 7 during the Vietnam War's "operation Baby Lift". She was adopted by an American family in Tennessee and became 101% Americanized, and given the name Heidi Bub. 22 years later she decides to go to Vietnam to reunite with her birth mother and feel the love...
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Professor Emma Linton of the Martian Institute of Interplanetary Cultural Anthropology might have come up with her unexpected conclusions regarding to the body rituals of the Nacirema people. Linton's report was wildly inaccurate written due to the facts that she does not have any qualitative previous knowledge about the culture and she like to draw a comparison between cultures. She did not follow all the methodological process an anthropologist should follow, and a long term of studying of the culture is required. She interprets...
1169 words - 5 pages
In the last few years, studying abroad has become an increasingly popular choice for higher education among international students (Accessibility Navigation, 2014). An average of 10% of students in universities all across the UK are international students from countries all over the world. (Accessibility Navigation, 2014). Although the experience is different for each individual student, there are many common problems that international students face. Those problems include: culture shock to varying degrees coupled with emotional issues(Bailey, 2005), Language barriers along with other communication problems (Sherry et al, 2009), and academic problems due to a change in school curriculum...
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�PAGE � What Students Usually Suffer From? | � PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT �5�
What Students Usually Suffer From?Al Sharhoof, WaelReading/Writing/Grammar 5EDaniel Gheorghe951109435April 30, 2010Studying Abroad: What Students Usually Suffer From?Thesis Statement: People who study abroad would face three...
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About AFS Thailand
AFS Thailand or American Field Service Thailand was established in 1962. It is an organization that gives scholarships to Thai students for one year’s study abroad but mostly in America. The organization accepts foreign students, mostly from America to stay in Thailand as well.
In 1970, AFS Thailand became an international organization and the number of its member (AFSers) has been dramatically increased. Nowadays, AFS Thailand has over 200,000 students participated in the program and the number is continue to grow.
How is this related to the practice of communication management?
It is crucial for AFS Thailand to equip their students with cultural knowledge to...
1247 words - 5 pages
The Promotion of Student Culture
Student cultures in universities are becoming extremely diverse. Students are discovering what they like and dislike in college, so they tend to explore and learn about different cultures when making friends. New friends bring a whole new world to the feet of first time freshman, as well as upper class men.
When Nathan interviewed several international students, they said the way we talk to people is extremely different from their country. “For the international students I interviewed, American college culture is a world of engagement, choice, individualism, and independence, but it is also one of cross-cultural ignorance and self-delusion that cries out...
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This essay investigates the barriers that students may face in adjusting from normal life to university culture. The barriers are changing in attitudes and experiences of students, developing metacognitive skills, culture shocks and the university requirements such as IELTS exam and learning.
The changing in attitudes and experiences of students can be A survey was made for the first year students and was conducted at five year intervals for 1994, 1999 and 2004. From the survey in 1994, there has been a decline in the proportion of students feeling that university has not met their expectations, whereas in 2004 students are notably more satisfied with their course of study and with the...
947 words - 4 pages
The book, Distant Mirrors: America as a Foreign Culture, is a compilation of articles written by anthropologists, sociologists and professors. It was edited by Phillip R. DeVita and James D. Armstrong. This is the third edition of the Distant Mirrors books. In the introduction to the book it is said that Americans like things bigger and better and that is why they feel the need to keep making new editions. The main focus of this book is looking at the American culture from a different prospective. It is very difficult to be objective about your own culture. You are...
2191 words - 9 pages
AbstractMost, if not all humans, have some ethics and morals, which help the individual make distinctions between right and wrong. Therefore, in most situations human beings behave in accordance with their morality. Studies on notions such as obedience to authority and deindividuation have shown that in some cases, an individual can be made to act in direct opposition to their morals and ethics. Studies conducted by Milgram (1963) on obedience have shown that if an individual is ordered to do something by someone who is perceived to be in power, it is possible that they will do it,...
1271 words - 5 pages
Chilean Economic Shock Therapy
Chile is seen to be the quintessential model of liberal restructuring in Latin America in the late twentieth century. After the overthrow of the socialist regime of Salvador Allende in 1973, Chile’s government has implemented an authoritative economic restructuring program that replaced state intervention with market incentives and opened Chile to the global economy. This four-phase process transformed the economy from highly protective industrialized to an open free market economy based on agricultural exports. The process by which the Chilean economy was stabilized was termed “shock therapy.” Like other dramatic economic policy changes, the...
935 words - 4 pages
What is culture? Dennis Coon, the author of "Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior," defines culture as " an ongoing pattern of life, characterizing a society at a given point in history." This means that a set of beliefs, values and behaviors are shared by the members of a society, which make them distinct and unique from others. In this short essay, the
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Luis ArmendiaPsychologyPERSONAL CHANGE,By Alain ArmendiaThroughout my short life I've experienced changes in many aspects, looked at life from different perspectives: first as a child, when all I had to do was going to school and playing, well, sometimes cleaning my room too. Then, as you start growing up your interests and your responsibilities start growing also, suddenly your priorities are no longer what they used to, and boom, like out of nowhere puberty hits you and all of a sudden your friends, a girlfriend, buying a car and being "cool" at school become such a...
1714 words - 7 pages
Nowadays, as we all notice that the world is getting flatter. More and more people are getting the chance to work with people from other culture. It is not only limited to the people from the developed countries like Americans and Europeans. People in the developing countries are also open to the opportunity to work with people from other culture. Understanding that culture difference is heavily rooted in people’s everyday behavior is only the first step to get to work with people. Coping the way foreigners do with the local culture is the key point to be successful in working with people from other culture. Misunderstanding the culture and behavioral difference can lead to problems and...
959 words - 4 pages
The issue of English language learning has been always a controversial one for almost all non-English language countries around the world these days. However, it seems language learning difficulties are not restricted to those who attempt to learn English. This is the same issue when an English speaker attempts to learn another language especially the Middle Eastern or Asian Languages. There are several hypotheses and theories concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives. One of the theories to explain second language acquisition issues from the sociocultural/sociolinguistic point of view is Brown’s (1980) Optimal distance Model, which is in...
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Intercultural communication is a significant, unavoidable element of communication in the 21st century. With the vast movements of population throughout history, as well as the growing prominence of technology, the ability to interact and come into contact with different cultures, both ethnic and sub-cultures, has never been easier. However, with this growing role of intercultural communication, there is a large opportunity for the existence and perpetuation of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination. In order to avoid offence and miscommunication when partaking in intercultural communication, a person must be willing to understand a person as an individual entity, and not as a...
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No1) "Studying adroa is better than studying in local universities." Do you agree with the statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.In Malaysia, there are many local universities that have a good quality and students have a variety of choice that they can choose. In my opinion, I disagree that studying abroad is better than studying in local universities. This is because studying in local universities can save the cost and it is as good as universities abroad while students who study abroad are exposed to culture...
1022 words - 4 pages
The United States is a country with a diverse existing population today; this country is known as a melting pot of different cultures, each one unique in its own respect. Culture; differentiate one societal group from another by identification beliefs, behaviors, language, traditions, Art, fashion styles, food, religion, politics, and economic systems. Through lifelong, ever changing processes of learning, creativity, and sharing culture shapes our patterns of behavior as well thinking. The Culture’s significance is so intense that it touches almost every aspect of who and what we are. Culture becomes the telescope through which we perceive and evaluate what is going on around us. Trying to...
848 words - 3 pages
American Directness and the Japanese
American and Japanese ways of speaking are so different that they often cause culture shock to both Americans and Japanese who visit each other's country. Most Japanese who come to the United States are at first shocked and have a problem with the American direct way of speaking.
Culture shock occurs because most Japanese cannot easily escape from the formula "politeness= indirectness." Compared to the American way of speaking, Japanese speak much more indirectly. Directness is considered a form of impoliteness in Japan. Therefore, when we want to be polite, we speak and act very indirectly. For example, we seldom say, "I'll go to a bathroom,"...
683 words - 3 pages
Barbara Anderson's First Fieldwork
Précis: “First Fieldwork”
1. Where did Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork take place and what was the goal of her research?
Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork took place in the fishing village of Taarnby, Denmark on the island of Amager in the Oresund in the 50’s. The goal of her research was to publish the unseen side of fieldwork. She wanted to share the personal and professional sides of fieldwork with the reader. She went to the island to help her husband study culture change.
2. Who accompanied Anderson to her field site?
Barbara Anderson’s husband (Thor), her daughter (Katie; 5yrs old), and Anderson’s unborn child (Sarah) accompanied her to her...
1545 words - 6 pages
Culture is essential to human survival, us as homo sapiens rely on culture to pass learned knowledge on from one another, and from one generation to the next. Without culture every individual would be forced to discover everything in life on their own, such as, how to gather food, how to cook, or how to keep their body warm, which is simply impossible. Culture is an extremely important aspect of human life. When being introduced to a new culture, in a town, or facility, and individual must find a way to understand the culture before they are able to learn it. Clarifying this concept can be made easy by using an example for instance, starting at a new school. When I first began at
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Intercultural communication is prone to misunderstandings and confusion, or put simply, muddle-prone. While common cultural miscommunications are often minor offences, some have far more detrimental consequences. In E.M. Forster’s novel A Passage to India, conflict results with the collision of two cultures in the British-Indian city of Chandrapore, which is plagued by racial, class and religious tension amongst Anglo and Native Indians. The novel chronicles the attempted intercultural friendships of Dr. Aziz, a Native Indian, and three English individuals: Cyril Fielding, Mrs. Moore, and Ms. Quested. While A Passage to India features many potential opportunities of friendship and positive...
1625 words - 7 pages
Transitioning from academic nursing student to Registered Nurse/New Graduate Nurse (NGN) within the healthcare environment is a challenging task for many NGNs. They may encounter a number of challenges, such as the following: transition shock, professional isolation, lack of clinical experience, stress, lack of a support network and cultural incompetence. At the end, this essay will discuss the rationale for developing my two most important goals for the next twelve months.
I presume the role transition from academic nursing student to Graduate Nurse will be challenging and rewarding. In their findings, the researchers Doody, Tuohy & Deasy (2012) stated that for a successful transition...
1405 words - 6 pages
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala was born in Germany but she moved to England at the age of 12. She then moved to India in the fifties, where she married and settle for the better part of her life. The essay is “Myself in India” is based on her experiences there. Jhabvala refers to India as an animal four times in the essay. We first come across it when she is describing India “...but there is no point in making a catalogue of the horrors with which one lives, on which one lives, as on the back of an animal “. She uses it as a metaphor. When we think of animals we often have this image of wild and dangerous creatures and as we know in the animal world only the strong survive. This is something...
936 words - 4 pages
Personal Narrative Sociological Concepts in My Trip to Europe
My trip to Europe was an eye opening experience. It awakened my senses to so many different aspects of life I had not already been introduced to. It was almost like watching a movie, from the minute I stepped of the plane everything was different. When I think about the trip and what experiences I had many sociological concepts come to mind, such as culture shock, ethnocentrism, culture, social locators, cultural transmission, norms, language, and subculture. It seems being placed directly in the middle of something that is so different made it easier to pick out the different concepts.
When I first got off the plane I...
1697 words - 7 pages
Indigenous health is a vital tool in health care today. The case study is about an indigenous lady who is from a remote community. This case study will define culture shock, transcultural theory. Finally it will states the recommendations that can be acquired to improve the current indigenous health care issue as it can be noted that the indigenous health tends has been deteoriating.
Culture is all about an individual knowledge based on belief ,art,morals customs.Therefore culture shock occurs when people have different values and beliefs and are not tolerant of each others differences(Eckermann,Dowd,Chong,Nixon,Gray and...
1722 words - 7 pages
Online Reading Essay
America, a country created by the outcasts of Europe in the 1700’s, is a nation that consists of a diversity not known by any other country. Since the first settlers travelled to this new nation, people from all over the world have come to this great country for many different reasons. Some people come to make a better life for their families, some people come to experience freedom, some have come to stay alive and avoid genocide of their own nation, in the past some have even been forced to come to America with their lives being changed forever. In schools today, we learn about the reasons people come to this nation, but it’s not often that we learn what happened after...
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Humans are judgmental creatures by nature. Since our inception it has been programmed into our brains to be this way and at one point with due cause. It was vital for the preservation of our species to make observations and respond to stimuli in our environments. However, as a necessity, being judgmental has for the most part dissipated. It is no longer vital to our existence to determine on the first encounter with a unfamiliar entity whether or not they are going to be friend or foe; if they bare their teeth and the hair on the back of their neck stands up, our culture acknowledges the safer bet is the latter. Our large processing powers instead are being utilized as a means to pass...
2883 words - 12 pages
"Some of the riskiest work we do is concerned with altering organization structures. Emotions run wild and almost everyone feels threatened. Why should that be? The answer is that if companies do not have strong notions of themselves, as reflected in their values, stories, myths and legends, people's only security comes from where they live on the organization chart. Threaten that, and in the absence of some grander corporate purpose, you have threatened the closest thing they have to meaning in their business lives". Thomas J. peters and
648 words - 3 pages
The Body Ritual of the Nacirema
It is human nature to describe one's own culture as the most advanced and most intellectual. Unfortunately, it is also common practice to look down upon the practices of another culture because they are not similar to one's own traditions. The ability to do this can sometimes be a damaging characteristic for society as a whole. Horace Miner realized the implications of egocentric views and wrote a groundbreaking essay to open society's eyes to their biases.
'The Body Ritual of the Nacirema' was written by Horace Miner for shock value. The article describes the rituals of a people which on the surface seem to be barbaric and highly out of...
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delivered what they thought were electric shocks to a "victimÂ´ who was really a confederate. The study placed the participants in a highly conflicting situation: to carry out the experiment involved hurting another person. The focus of study was the amount of electric shock the subject was willing to give to another person when ordered by an experimenter to give the victim a shock. The learner(confederate) was strapped into "electric chairÂ´ and had to learn a list of paired associates. The teacher(participant) had to administer punishment whenever the learner erred. The...
1006 words - 4 pages
"Review of the Daughter of Danang movie"The Daughter of Danang movie shows the differences between cultures and the importance of understanding intercultural communication. The movie is about a Vietnamese woman who had a child named Heidi from an American soldier during the war. She had to let Heidi go for her safety. It is obvious that it was really hard for the woman to give up her child and her only dream was to see her again.Heidi was placed in a small town in Tennessee with a single mother who was a strict disciplinarian. At first she suffered a...
1713 words - 7 pages
“In 2006 to 2007, according to the data compiled by the Institute of International Education, 582,984 students from all over the world were enrolled in American colleges and universities in a wide range of fields” (Carter, Paragraph 2, 2008). The United States has the highest number of students who are coming to study abroad than any other countries. Each year, the number of international students coming to the United States to obtain degrees is increasing by thousands, and home countries of these students are primarily India, China and Korea, all located in the whole different continent. But what are the motives of students who are crossing the sea to study? Their goal of studying abroad is...
1259 words - 5 pages
Generations of native people in Canada have faced suffering and cultural loss as a result of European colonization of their land. Government legislation has impacted the lives of five generations of First Nations people and as a result the fifth generation (from 1980 to present) is working to recover from their crippled cultural identity (Deiter-McArthur 379-380). This current generation is living with the fallout of previous government policies and societal prejudices that linger from four generations previous. Unrepentant, Canada’s ‘Genocide’, and Saskatchewan’s Indian People – Five Generations highlight issues that negatively influence First Nations people. The fifth generation of native...
1682 words - 7 pages
We have been asked the question of "What is your 'culture' and how does this influence your interpersonal communication skills?" In trying to define the scope of this question I thought that it would be best to first look at the definition of culture itself to discover the main points that it was concerned with. If you were to look in an old dictionary (around 1960) you are likely to find a definition of culture that looks something like this: "1.The cultivation of soil. 2. The raising, improvement, or development of some plant, animal or product" (Friend and Guralnik 1958)1. The word culture arises from the ancient Latin word cultura, "cultivation" or "tending," and its entry into the...
1764 words - 7 pages
Living in another country is a difficult experience for many people. A common feature of people living in a foreign country is finding them Gathered together in restaurants, discussing about their home and their experiences in the foreign country. Moreover, these groups are not all from the same home country. Often, the interests that landed them in a foreign country are enough to connect them in building the foundations of friendship, like studying same major. However, the only thing that you can see obvisely is fear. As a Saudi student in USA I can say we often have to deal with many administration issues that may even result to the cancellation of one’s citizenship. Like getting USA Green...