1837 words - 7 pagesDiabetes
In the United States, an estimated 16 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition. Half the 16 million people who have diabetes do not even realize the condition exists and are not receiving treatment. 798,000 people each year are diagnosed with diabetes. It occurs most often in adults, but it is also one of the most chronic disorder in children. It is estimated that 123,000 children ages 19 and below have the disorder. Diabetes is recognized as one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. It has contributed to over 193,140 deaths in 1996. It is associated with longVIEW DOCUMENT
662 words - 3 pagesDiabetes is a group of diseases caused by high blood glucose levels that come from deficiencies in the body's ability to produce and use insulin. There are a few main causes of diabetes. There’s two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. In Type 1 diabetes the diagnosis is often made in children and young adults, and was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is where your body does not produce insulin at all. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin appropriately, which is called insulin resistance. Data from the 2011 Diabetes Fact Sheet reports that among the 25.8 million children and adults in the United StatesVIEW DOCUMENT
1958 words - 8 pagesDiabetes has become a prevalent disease, due to its drastic increase in diagnosis since the turn of the 21st century. People of all skin color, social class, or ethnicity can fall prey to this lifelong illness. Individuals that do not have diabetes believe that that they know all the basics and precautions of diabetes, but in all reality many people know very little about what diabetes really is. Understanding what diabetes is, can lead to the knowledge of diabetes association with other diseases, the treatments for diabetes, and the hereditary links that diabetes has in ethnicity.
Many people know very little about what diabetes is and how the disease works. People seem to only know theVIEW DOCUMENT
653 words - 3 pages"Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles" (About Diabetes. 2007). When you eat, some of your food is broken down into glucose. Glucose travels in your blood to all your body cells, where it supplies energy. Insulin, made by your pancreas, helps glucose move from your blood into your cells. When insulin is not available, glucose stays in your bloodstream and cannot be used for energyVIEW DOCUMENT
1455 words - 6 pagesNearly 16 million people in the United States--nearly one out of every 17 people--have diabetes. And about 1,800 new cases are diagnosed each day. Technically, this disease is known as "diabetes mellitus," diabetes from the Greek for excessive urination, a symptom the ancients noticed, and mellitus, from the Latin for honey--diabetic urine is filled with sugar and is sweet. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. All of them are a little different. But everyone with diabetes has one thing in common: Little or no ability to move sugar--or glucose--out of their blood into their cells, where it is the body's primary fuel.VIEW DOCUMENT
1400 words - 6 pagesDiabetesIn the United States, an estimated 16 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition. Half the 16 million people who have diabetes do not even realize the condition exists and are not receiving treatment. 798,000 people each year are diagnosed with diabetes. It occurs most often in adults, but it's also one of the most chronic disorders in children. It is estimated that 123,000 children ages 19 and below have the disorder. It is associated with long term disorder that affects almost every major part in your body. It can cause blindness, heart disease, strokes, kidney failure, amputations, and nerve damage. Diabetes is a metabolism disorder. AVIEW DOCUMENT
1781 words - 7 pagesNeeds AssessmentIn the United States alone, according to the National Diabetes Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), The Outpatient Database of Indian Health Service (IHS), The U.S. Renal Data System of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Census Bureau, shows an estimate of 23.6 million people, with 17.9 million diagnosed, and 5.7 million unaware of the onset of Type 2 Diabetes. (CDC, 2007, p.5)As the United States multicultural increasingly grows, lifestyle has shifted to be less healthy, which leads to obesityVIEW DOCUMENT
717 words - 3 pagesDiabetes
There are three types of diabetes. Type I is called Diabetes
Mellitus. In type I the body stops making insulin or makes small
amounts. Without insulin glucose cannot get into your cells which is
needed to burn for energy. Glucose will collect in the blood. Over time
high levels of glucose in the blood may hurt the eyes, kidney, nerves, or
heart. Type I occurs mostly in people under 30, though it may occur at
any age. The signs may come suddenly and be quite severe. The
symptoms may include frequent urination, constant hunger, constant
thirst, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, edginess, mood changes, nausea,
and vomiting. People with type I have to takeVIEW DOCUMENT
904 words - 4 pages
Type 2 diabetes is a common disease that occurs mostly in adults over the age of 40. Children can be diagnosed with this disease also but occurs more in overweight children. Diabetes is a chronical condition that affects how your body takes in sugar. The body either resists in taking insulin or it doesn't produce enough to maintain normally. It is a life or death case if you do not treat this disease. Scientists have not yet found a cure but you can help manage it by eating healthy, exercising, and by having a balanced diet. Also you could take medications to help maintain your blood sugar leveled or insulin therapy.
Type 2 diabetes affects the pancreas where insulin develops. This is aVIEW DOCUMENT
1696 words - 7 pages the screen. “459”, The nurse said to herself with concern in her face. I had no idea what this meant. The nurse went on to say, “You have Type I diabetes.” I looked back and forth between my dad and the nurse with confusion. Little did I know that those words would change my life forever. My dad asked, “So what now?” The nurse replied, “We will go ahead and send you over to the hospital to stay the night.” My head was spinning and I don’t think what was happening had sunk in yet.
I walked into a bland room that did nothing to lift my mood. There were four walls covered in boring wallpaper. The two windows were covered with dull blue curtains. The bed looked as uninviting as a bed of nailsVIEW DOCUMENT
674 words - 3 pages fibroblasts. Collectively, profibrogenic molecules and induction of pro inflammation influence renal damage in DN patients. Lastly, another element that participates in DN is leukocytes. Leukocytes have shown to underlay immune pathological mechanisms and alter the phenotype of endothelial cells and increase inflammation of the vascular bed in DN patients.
Adding more light to the demonstration of cytokines and its potential role in DN, cytokines influence pathogenesis of diabetes. The main cytokines involved include IL-1, TNF-α and IL-6 and have shown to trigger cellular responses in patients with DN. Concentrating particularly on the cytokine, deeper analysis of cytokine has proven theirVIEW DOCUMENT
879 words - 4 pagesnone noneDiabetesDiabetes is a disease in which your body is unable to properly use and store glucose. Glucose backs up in the bloodstream causing your blood glucose or 'sugar' to rise too high.There are two major types of diabetes, Type I and Type II. In Type I diabetes, your body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that lets your body use glucose found in foods for energy. People with Type I diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can happen at any age. In Type II diabetes, theVIEW DOCUMENT
1437 words - 6 pagesDiabetesDiabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces insulin or when cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body. Diabetes is classified into two categories; Type 1. Approximately 14 million people in the United States alone have some type of Diabetes that is about 5% of the population. In the United States, Diabetes causes nearly 200,000 deaths a year.
The human pancreas has two main functions: to produce pancreatic endorphin hormones, which help regulate many aspects of our metabolism and to produce pancreaticVIEW DOCUMENT
3235 words - 13 pagesDiabetesDiabetes is a killer; in fact, it is among the top ten killers of adults in the United States. "It can lead to, or contribute to, a number of other serious diseases" (Sizer and Whitney 112). Diabetes means "syphon" or "to run through" (Sizer and Whitney 112) therefore denoting the increase in urinary volume excreted by people suffering from this disease. Mellitus means "sweet". Diabetes mellitus means increased excretion of sugars being released with the urine, creating a sweet smell at the time of elimination. The patient with this type of disease has a problem with his insulin production or usage. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pituitary gland, that helps to digest theVIEW DOCUMENT
1225 words - 5 pagesConcept Critique # 7 In reading the two stories the reader is given insight into the lives of those living with diabetes. We can see the problems, hardships and difficulties one can have when suffering from the illness. Through reading the story certain biases become clear, biases which have nothing to do with nursing. The stories also give the reader the ability to see how important health teaching is and how it can be of immense help in the treatment and prevention of diseases such as diabetes. In the case of Alexandra, the story seems to be leaning towards the thought that due to her background and the beliefs of her parents they ignore her illness and believe it was aVIEW DOCUMENT
1119 words - 4 pagesDiabetes is a developmental disease, characterized by high blood glucose levels, causedby an improper functioning of the pancreas. The pancreas produces insulin which allowsour body's cells to absorb glucose ( a form of sugar) to be used when energy is needed. Ifthe pancreas becomes unable to produce insulin, or does not produce it effectively, it leadsto high levels of glucose in the blood, which causes health problems.The major risk factors for diabetes include:Being over 35, and the risk increases dramatically with ageBeing overweightVIEW DOCUMENT
1026 words - 4 pagesDiabetes is a disease that many people have. With the proper treatment diabetes can be dealt with. Juvenile onset diabetes is a form of diabetes that only occurs in children.With the disease called juvenile onset diabetes or type I diabetes, the pancreas produces too much glucose in the blood. These high glucose levels in the blood make the person more susceptible for a blockage to form in their arteries. These high levels of glucose can damage nerves causing the patient numbness and tingling (WebMDHealth). The symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, increased urination, weight loss, increased appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and absent menstruation in women (Juvenile OnsetVIEW DOCUMENT
1411 words - 6 pagesDiabetes
According to Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret, there are a few data on insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion on the effort of preventing diabetes and developing glucose intolerance (2). People with glucose tolerance problems should diet and participate in exercise for about three hours per week, in order to lower the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes can reduce the onset of diabetes by nearly 60%, if a patient would lower his or her calorie, start a low-fat diet, and do aerobic exercise (Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret 78). Slim people benefit more from exercise than obese people. However, dieting and exercising help reduce the incidence of diabetes in both slim andVIEW DOCUMENT
2324 words - 9 pagesI. Name of Disorder:
The official name of the disorder is Diabetes Mellitus. Most people just know it as diabetes. There are two major classifications of diabetes mellitus; insulin-dependent (IDDM) and noninsulin-dependent (NIDDM). IDDM is more commonly known as Type 1 Diabetes, and NIDDM is known as Type 2 Diabetes (Ekoé, 2008). Type 1 diabetes is the juvenile-onset diabetes that deals with the complete destruction of β-cells of the pancreas whereas type 2 diabetes is an adult-onset disorder in which individuals suffer from an insulin deficiency (Ekoé, 2008).
II. Chromosomal location:
The main location of diabetes type 1 or IDDM is on the short arm of chromosome 6 at the band 21.3VIEW DOCUMENT
1485 words - 6 pages1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition in which the body has the inability to produce
insulin or react normally to insulin. The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus is extremely
complex, as diabetes mellitus is characterized by different types but share common
symptoms and complications. Diabetes mellitus is classified in two types: Type 1 and
type 2 diabetes. Although the disease is "characterized by different etiologies" (Cohen,
2009, pg. 268), the outcome for both types is hyperglycemia. The pathophysicology of
Diabetes mellitus is related to the hormone insulin, which is secreted by the beta cells ofVIEW DOCUMENT
1992 words - 8 pages Having diabetes is dangerous. A person must change their entire way of living. If changes are not made, diabetes can bring along many harmful and serious health problems such as blindness, kidney disease, amputations, heart disease, and stroke. The key to diabetes is to understand; a person needs to learn about the disease to choose a healthy lifestyle.
Diabetes is one of the main causes of illness and death worldwide. Nearly 25.8 million people of the U.S population have diabetes (Mathur). In the world, about 18.8 billion people of all races, children and adults of all ages, are diagnosed with this disease (Mathur). Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition associated with abnormallyVIEW DOCUMENT
1715 words - 7 pagesDiabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, which result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. Individuals are normally capable of digesting carbohydrates, in particular those most common in food; starch, and some disaccharides such as sucrose, are converted within a few hours to simpler forms such as the monosaccharide glucose, the principal carbohydrate energy source used by the body. Insulin is released into the blood by beta cells, located in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, inVIEW DOCUMENT
1074 words - 4 pagesDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a chronic, genetically determined, debilitating disease that affects every organ system. There are two major types of diabetes: Type I and Type II. Type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is caused by the autoimmune destruction of the insulin producing cells of the pancreas and is usually, but not always diagnosed in childhood. People with type I diabetes must take insulin shots in order to survive. Type II diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), are usually diagnosed in adulthood. They produce insulin, but their bodies do not use it effectively or properly. While many modern diseases plagueVIEW DOCUMENT
1668 words - 7 pages(Add intro, statistics, thesis) A lot of different people can get diabetes with or without symptoms, but with medications and proper diet and exercise the disease can be maintained.
There are two different types of diabetes, type one and type two diabetes. Diabetes is the disease where the pancreas does not produce insulin which is a necessary hormone needed for the body to function. Insulin is a hormone that the body requires to convert sugars, starches and other foods into energy to be used in everyday life. After a meal has been consumed, the body breaks down the foods consumed into glucose and nutrients that the body needs and they are then absorbed into the bloodstream through theVIEW DOCUMENT
787 words - 3 pagesDiabetes Mellitus, disease caused by defective carbohydrate metabolism and characterized by abnormally large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine. Diabetes mellitus affects approximately five percent of the United States population, about 10-12 million people, of whom about half remain undiagnosed. Diabetes mellitus can eventually damage the eyes, kidneys, heart, and limbs, and can endanger pregnancy. Proper treatment, however, can minimize these complications.Diabetes mellitus is usually classified into two types. Type I, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), formerly called juvenileVIEW DOCUMENT
2770 words - 11 pagesDiabetes Mellitus is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the body's cells, and damaging the sufferer's health. The words "diabetes mellitus" comes from the Greek words meaning "a fountain of sugar" (9).Diabetes Mellitus is a complex subject, but one factor is key to the whole issue - insulin. Insulin is a hormone - a substance produced within one part of the body that has its effects in other parts of the body, which it reaches through the bloodstream. It's produced solely by specialized (beta) cells within the pancreas gland. The stimulus to the pancreas that causes it to release insulin is the circulatingVIEW DOCUMENT
5547 words - 22 pagesDIABETES MELLITUSDiabetes Mellitus-Is a multisystem disease related to abnormal insulin production, impaired insulin utilization, or both. Diabetes Mellitus is a serious health problem throughout the world. It is the 5th leading cause of death in the U.S. It is the leading cause of heart disease, stroke, adult blindness, and nontraumatic lower limb amputations.Etiology and PathophysiologyCurrent theories link the cause of diabetes, singly or in combination, to genetic, autoimmune, viral, and environmental factors (obesity, stress). Regardless of its cause, diabetes is primarily a disorder of glucose metabolism related to absent or insufficient insulin suppliesVIEW DOCUMENT
664 words - 3 pagesDiabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a disease that is commonly overlooked as not being as serious as it actually is. According to the national diabetes fact sheet, in 2007, 71,382 people died from diabetes and doctors ruled that diabetes was a contributing cause of the death of an additional 160,022 people. That is a total of 231,404 deaths in one year related to diabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2013). Diabetes is definitely a disease that many should research to learn just how serious it really is.
Diabetes Mellitus has been changing the lives of humans since 2000-3000 B.C. The name Diabetes Mellitus was given by Greeks and Romans, Diabetes meaning frequentVIEW DOCUMENT
1785 words - 7 pagesDiabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Children
Diabetes is not a single disease it is a multifactorial group of syndromes all characterized by an increase in the level of blood glucose that occurs due to lack of presence of insulin. Mainly, the less release of insulin leads to excess deposition of glycogen which is a peptide hormone synthesized by the pancreas and plays a role in raising the level of glucose in blood. (Mycek, 2007).
Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007)
Type 2VIEW DOCUMENT
2203 words - 9 pagesOver 347 million people worldwide have been diagnosed with diabetes. One in 400 to 600 children and adolescents have type 1 diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention projects that, if the trend continues, by 2050 one in three Americans will have the disease, and by 2030 366 million will be suffering from diabetes (“Diabetes Facts and Statistics”). Since 1980, the amount of diabetes cases have almost doubled from 153 million to 347 million in thirty years. The obesity rate in America has also gone up a significant amount since fast food restaurants are becoming more popular which increases the risk of developing diabetes for children in America. With all of the fast foodVIEW DOCUMENT
2014 words - 8 pagesPatient: D.M. Age: 76Location: Meadowview 1st Floor Student: Emily SotoDate of care: 10/24/07Medical Diagnosis: Diabetes MellitusDiabetes is a disease in which the body doesn't produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by specialized cells (beta cells) of the pancreas. (The pancreas is a deep-seated organ in the abdomen located behind the stomach.) Insulin is needed to turn sugar and other food into energy. In addition to helping glucoseVIEW DOCUMENT
1187 words - 5 pagesDiabetes Treatments
Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency in the secretion or action of insulin. Nearly six percent of the United States population shows some degree of abnormality in glucose metabolism indicative of diabetes or a tendency toward the condition. Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases in which the regulatory activity of insulin is defective. There are two major clinical classes of the disease. There's type I, which is insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and type II, which is non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). IDDM begins early in life and quickly becomes severe. NIDDM is slow to develop, milder, and often goes unrecognized. IDDMVIEW DOCUMENT
1532 words - 6 pagesCase study: Carol is 17 years old and was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at the age of 7 years. Carol has had a recent hospital admission for dehydration and high blood glucose. During the admission Carol was found to be 6 weeks pregnant. Prior to the admission she had been experiencing weight loss and changes in mood.
Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system starts destructing the human beta cells. The destruction of beta cells affects glucose (sugar) regulation in the blood consequently destroying the production of insulin, therefore taking away energy which we require each day, causing dehydration and high blood glucose.
The beta-cells are destroyed due to a combination ofVIEW DOCUMENT
1968 words - 8 pagesDiabetes mellitus is a syndrome characterized by abnormal insulin secretion, derangement in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and is diagnosed by the presence of hyperglycemia. Also, this syndrome is common risk factors for chronic renal disease. Once it occurs, chronic renal failure and end stage renal disease often increase mortality in those with type 2 diabetes. A decrease in glomerular filtration rate indicates the development of renal disease, and early identification of this event is important in subjects with type 2 diabetes (1, 2).
A new experimental diabetic syndrome in adult rats administered streptozotocin (STZ) and partially protected with a suitable dose of nicotinamideVIEW DOCUMENT
2703 words - 11 pagesDiabetes is a very well known disorder. Nearly eighteen million people in the United States alone have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious illness, and there are about 1,800 new cases are being diagnosed each day. To completely understand diabetes, a person must first know how the body works with the disease and then determine which type of diabetes he/she has. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes. There are many factors that play into the development of this disease. Type 1 diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. In Type 2 the body still makes insulin, but is not using it correctly, resulting in elevated bloodVIEW DOCUMENT
1738 words - 7 pagesDiabetes mellitus (DM) or simply diabetes, is a chronic health condition in which the body either fails to produce the amount of insulin needed or it responds inadequately to the insulin secreted by the pancreas. The three primary types of diabetes are: Diabetes Type 1 and 2, and during some pregnancies, Gestational diabetes. The cliché for all three types of diabetes is high glucose blood levels or hyperglycemia. The pathophysiology of all types of diabetes mellitus is related to the hormone insulin, which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. This hormone is responsible for maintaining an optimal glucose level in the blood. It allows the body cells to use glucose as a mainVIEW DOCUMENT
1252 words - 5 pagesA complex disorder, diabetes mellitus afflicts people of every race, sex, age, and cultural background. The form most prevalent in juveniles is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).The diagnosis of this disease has important implications, particularly for the very young. Juvenile IDDM patients may be at risk for neuropsychological problems. In addition, overthe long term, IDDM patients may also suffer from numerous other complicationsVIEW DOCUMENT
1431 words - 6 pagesDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. “In 1996 diabetes contributed to more than 162,000 deaths”(Lewis 1367).
“Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a group of disorders with glucose intolerance in common” (McCance 674). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar) and results from defective insulin production, secretion, and utilization. There are many forms of diabetes. “Diabetes increases the risk of heart and blood vessel disease, amputation, infections, kidney damage, eye problems (including blindness), and nerveVIEW DOCUMENT
1210 words - 5 pagesDiabetesDiabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States and around the world, and it affects those afflicted with the ailment in many different ways; it can be effectively treated, however with a proper diet, exercise, and medication. Another name for diabetes would be “Diabetes Mellitus”; diabetes derives from the Greek word siphon (a tube that is bent in two which liquid flows through); and Mellitus come from the Latin language, and means sweet as honey ("NC WiseOwl Home Page." NC WiseOwl Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. (Print)). Diabetes in when high levels of glucose, also known as sugar, enters into a persons bloodstream.
Diabetes also determines how high orVIEW DOCUMENT
671 words - 3 pagesLife with Diabetes
There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 Diabetes is diagnosed at birth, type 2 Diabetes can affect anyone at any time in their life, but it is most commonly found in adults over 40. Children and young adults rather than older adults, Caucasians and males are at greater risk of getting type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a lifelong condition, but type 2 can be cured with the right steps taken. If you don’t take control of type 2 Diabetes it can lead to type 1 Diabetes. While anyone can be born with type 1 Diabetes type 2 can come from a number of things, for example being overly stressed or overweight. If Diabetes isn’tVIEW DOCUMENT
1529 words - 6 pages and its effect on the world as a collective. From this writer’s viewpoint, for global health to be successful it must strive to ensure health for all and be built on the core principles of social justice, grounded in science, focused on prevention and control of diseases, and linked to governments and public policy (Merson, Black, & Mills, 2006). This writer is aware of the need to improve the health of the global community and hopes to use this paper to do the following: (a) Elaborate on why this writer was drawn towards a global health career and discuss plans for her future in this area, and (b) Discuss the pressing issue of global diabetes and propose remedial actions that could beVIEW DOCUMENT
999 words - 4 pagesDiabetes Mellitus(DM)
• Is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar.
• An estimated 227 to 285 million people had diabetes in 2010, with type 2 making up about 90% of the cases. This is equal to 3.3% of the population with equal rates in both women and men. In 2011 it resulted in 1.4 million deaths worldwide making it the 8th leading cause of death.
• There are three types of Diabetes
• Type 1 – Insulin dependent, results from the body's failure to produce insulin. Also known as Juvenile diabetes.
• Type 2 – Insulin resistant, cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes also with an absolute insulin deficiency. Also known as Adult onset diabetes.
• GestationalVIEW DOCUMENT
2286 words - 9 pages
MED 2056, PTW
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases. The body is unable to produce or absorb sufficient amounts of insulin. This causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The pancreas normally produces insulin which regulates the level of glucose in the blood as 1)well as how it's used. "Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel" (mayoclinic.org/ 2014).
The endocrine pancreas is filled with the islets of Langerhan. These isletsVIEW DOCUMENT
1167 words - 5 pagesThe life for a person who has diabetes can be a very unpleasant one. They cannot do the same they once were able to do. The background of diabetes is that it is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Unfortunately insulin is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Basically if someone has diabetes then they must now regulated there own sugar intake. Research has not found the exact cause of the diseases both some cases have studied to find out that genetics and environmental factors have something to do with it. Currently 17 million people in the VIEW DOCUMENT
1237 words - 5 pagesIt was a cloudy day. I had an ominous feeling as we elbowed are our way into the train(which is acquired skill essential for survival ) . There was a mad rush that day and it seemed as though I had people coming out of my ears. I tried to wave to my Dad to get his attention but he seemed distant. His normally bright eyes were dull and listless. His face appeared to be pale. His breath was shallow and his hands were cold and clammy. Right before my eyes he fell , face first on the ground. That my friends right there was a hypoglycemic attack.
My father is a known case of diabetes and is thus prone to experience fatigue , hypoglycemic attacks , increased frequency of urination, ravenousVIEW DOCUMENT
1844 words - 7 pagesType 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease that results in insulin dependence due to failure of secretion of the hormone insulin by beta cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes usually manifests in childhood, < 20 years of age – the reason for which it was formerly termed juvenile diabetes, and is more prevalent in Caucasians then in any other ethnicity (Diabetes Basics, n.d.). The key to proper management is early detection, patient education, and most importantly patient compliance.
The patient will commonly present with multiple symptoms, the most common are the 3 P’s – polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. However, subjective symptoms may include reports of fatigue, abdominalVIEW DOCUMENT
2400 words - 10 pagesThe American Heritage Dictionary definition of diabetes is "a chronic disease of pancreatic origin, marked by insulin deficiency, excess sugar in the blood and urine, weakness, and emaciation." When you have diabetes, your body cannot use the food that you eat in the proper way. In a person without diabetes, when he or she eats, the food is broken down into blood glucose or blood sugar. After the food is in the form of glucose, the glucose is carried to all the cells of the body for energy. In order for the cells to receive the glucose, a hormone made in the islet or B-cells of the pancreas called insulin acts a receptor on the cell membrane to let the glucose enter inside the cells. InVIEW DOCUMENT
705 words - 3 pagesDiabetes is a diseases in which the body exhibits a high levels of sugar in blood and unfortunately it can not be cured but it can be prevented. There are two types of diabetes that are divided into two categories with different traits. Type one diabetes (Juvenile diabetes) are often diagnosed in childrens and young adults in which the body does not produce insulin. On the other hand, type two diabetes the most common type of diabetes that makes up ninety-percent of diabetes population occurs, in which the patient does not use insulin efficiently or insulin resistance. The exact cause of type one diabetes is unknown but people contacted with type one diabetes immune system mistakenlyVIEW DOCUMENT
1482 words - 6 pagesType II Diabetes Mellitus: An Emerging Epidemic
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by inadequate insulin secretion by the pancreas or cellular destruction leading to an insulin deficiency. Depending on the cause of the insulin shortage, diabetes can be subcategorized into type I and type II. Type I diabetes (T1DM) is usually mediated by the destruction of b-cells in the pancreas resulting in decreased insulin production and secretion. Type II diabetes (T2DM) is the failure of these b-cells to secrete adequate amounts of insulin to compensate for insulin resistance and increased gluconeogenesis combined with an overallVIEW DOCUMENT
719 words - 3 pagesDiabetes mellitus type two has become a national widespread phenomenon among millions in the United States. This disease includes high glucose levels in the blood. Produce in the pancreas by beta cells, is a hormone called insulin, moves blood glucose into cells where it will be stored and eventually used for energy. However, patients of diabetes have cells that don’t react properly to the insulin. Consequently, insulin resistance occurs and blood glucose doesn’t get stored into these cells for energy. This type of diabetes progress slowly, and many diagnosed people are overweight. The factor that increases a person’s chance of developing diabetes include poor diet, low activity levelsVIEW DOCUMENT