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In the United States, an estimated 16 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition. Half the 16 million people who have diabetes do not even realize the condition exists and are not receiving treatment. 798,000 people each year are diagnosed with diabetes. It occurs most often in adults, but it is also one of the most chronic disorder in children. It is estimated that 123,000 children ages 19 and below have the disorder. Diabetes is recognized as one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. It has contributed to over 193,140 deaths in 1996. It is associated with long...
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Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that "occurs when the body is unable to produce or respond to insulin, a hormone that allows blood glucose to enter the cells of the body and generate the body's energy" (Ebony, 115). Diabetes is a disease that affects approximately 3% of the world' population. In American alone, 10.3 million people report having diabetes, while an estimated 10 million more individuals may have undiagnosed diabetes (Morwessel, 540). The gene for diabetes is located in the HLA region on chromosome 6, and the most probable organization of the responsible gene is on a 19-kb region of INS-IGF2, which affects HLA-DR4 IDDM susceptibility. Diabetes Mellitus,...
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DIABETES PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1
Running head: DIABETESDiabetesDiabetesDiabetes is a common metabolic condition that results from elevated blood sugar levels. Diabetes is medically described as diabetes mellitus. This condition is known to cause underlining problems in individuals who acquire the disease. This condition is usually described as a combination of many diseases that eventually causes individuals to have high blood sugar (Parsaik et al., 2010).High blood sugar is attributable to inadequate production of the insulin hormone, which is a hormone, glycogen, responsible for regulating the blood sugar. Additionally, blood sugar imbalances can result from failure of the body cells to...
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none noneDiabetesDiabetes is a disease in which your body is unable to properly use and store glucose. Glucose backs up in the bloodstream causing your blood glucose or 'sugar' to rise too high.There are two major types of diabetes, Type I and Type II. In Type I diabetes, your body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that lets your body use glucose found in foods for energy. People with Type I diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can happen at any age. In Type II diabetes, the body produces insulin, but not enough to properly convert food into energy. This form of diabetes usually occurs...
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Nearly 16 million people in the United States--nearly one out of every 17 people--have diabetes. And about 1,800 new cases are diagnosed each day. Technically, this disease is known as "diabetes mellitus," diabetes from the Greek for excessive urination, a symptom the ancients noticed, and mellitus, from the Latin for honey--diabetic urine is filled with sugar and is sweet. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. All of them are a little different. But everyone with diabetes has one thing in common: Little or no ability to move sugar--or glucose--out of their blood into their cells, where it is the body's primary fuel. Everyone has...
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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism-the way in which your body converts the
food you eat into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down by
digestive juices into chemicals, including a simple sugar called glucose.
Glucose is your body's main source of energy. After digestion, glucose
passes into your bloodstream, where it is available for cells to take in and
use or store for later use.
In order for your cells to take in glucose, a hormone called insulin must be
present in your blood. Insulin acts as a "key" that unlocks "doors" on cell
surfaces to allow glucose to enter the cells. Insulin is produced by special
cells (called islet cells) in an...
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Diabetes is a disease that many people have. With the proper treatment diabetes can be dealt with. Juvenile onset diabetes is a form of diabetes that only occurs in children.With the disease called juvenile onset diabetes or type I diabetes, the pancreas produces too much glucose in the blood. These high glucose levels in the blood make the person more susceptible for a blockage to form in their arteries. These high levels of glucose can damage nerves causing the patient numbness and tingling (WebMDHealth). The symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, increased urination, weight loss, increased appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and absent menstruation in women (Juvenile Onset Diabetes)....
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Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces insulin or when cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body. Diabetes is classified into two categories; Type 1. Approximately 14 million people in the United States alone have some type of Diabetes that is about 5% of the population. In the United States, Diabetes causes nearly 200,000 deaths a year.
The human pancreas has two main functions: to produce pancreatic endorphin hormones, which help regulate many aspects of our metabolism and to produce pancreatic...
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According to Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret, there are a few data on insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion on the effort of preventing diabetes and developing glucose intolerance (2). People with glucose tolerance problems should diet and participate in exercise for about three hours per week, in order to lower the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes can reduce the onset of diabetes by nearly 60%, if a patient would lower his or her calorie, start a low-fat diet, and do aerobic exercise (Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret 78). Slim people benefit more from exercise than obese people. However, dieting and exercising help reduce the incidence of diabetes in both slim and obese...
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DiabetesIn the United States, an estimated 16 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition. Half the 16 million people who have diabetes do not even realize the condition exists and are not receiving treatment. 798,000 people each year are diagnosed with diabetes. It occurs most often in adults, but it's also one of the most chronic disorders in children. It is estimated that 123,000 children ages 19 and below have the disorder. It is associated with long term disorder that affects almost every major part in your body. It can cause blindness, heart disease, strokes, kidney failure, amputations, and nerve damage. Diabetes is a metabolism disorder. A metabolism...
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"Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles" (About Diabetes. 2007). When you eat, some of your food is broken down into glucose. Glucose travels in your blood to all your body cells, where it supplies energy. Insulin, made by your pancreas, helps glucose move from your blood into your cells. When insulin is not available, glucose stays in your bloodstream and cannot be used for energy...
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Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body produces too little insulin (Type One Diabetes) or can’t use available insulin efficiently ( Type Two Diabetes). Insulin is a hormone vital to helping the body use digested food for growth and energy.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, about 17 million Americans have diabetes and every year about 1 million more age 20 or older are diagnosed with the disorder. People who are overweight, do not exercise, and are 30 years or older are more likely to get the disease (especially type 2 diabetes). People who are also of African...
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Antoinette FreemanHealth Education 230April 17, 2014Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose, or sugar for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach make a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of or bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This cause sugar to build up in your blood. There are two types of Diabetes.Type 1 diabetes, which previously called insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes, may account for about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that only pregnant...
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Diabetes is a killer; in fact, it is among the top ten killers of adults in the United States. "It can lead to, or contribute to, a number of other serious diseases" (Sizer and Whitney 112). Diabetes means "syphon" or "to run through" (Sizer and Whitney 112) therefore denoting the increase in urinary volume excreted by people suffering from this disease. Mellitus means "sweet". Diabetes mellitus means increased excretion of sugars being released with the urine, creating a sweet smell at the time of elimination. The patient with this type of disease has a problem with his insulin production or usage. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pituitary gland, that helps to digest the...
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Needs AssessmentIn the United States alone, according to the National Diabetes Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), The Outpatient Database of Indian Health Service (IHS), The U.S. Renal Data System of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Census Bureau, shows an estimate of 23.6 million people, with 17.9 million diagnosed, and 5.7 million unaware of the onset of Type 2 Diabetes. (CDC, 2007, p.5)As the United States multicultural increasingly grows, lifestyle has shifted to be less healthy, which leads to obesity and Type 2 Diabetes, a major health issue for many ethic and racial groups. This multicultural group diet, may have consisted of plant-fish,...
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There are two types of diabetes: diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes insipidus is a rare metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone, which is usually the result of damage to the pituitary gland. Diabetes insipidus is characterized by enormous amounts of urine that are produced by the body regardless of how much liquid is consumed. Diabetes mellitus results from the production of insufficient amounts of insulin by the pancreas. Without insulin the body cannot utilize glucose, thus creating a high level of glucose in the blood and a low level of glucose absorption by the tissues. Diabetes mellitus is generally divided into two categories: type I called...
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There are three types of diabetes. Type I is called Diabetes
Mellitus. In type I the body stops making insulin or makes small
amounts. Without insulin glucose cannot get into your cells which is
needed to burn for energy. Glucose will collect in the blood. Over time
high levels of glucose in the blood may hurt the eyes, kidney, nerves, or
heart. Type I occurs mostly in people under 30, though it may occur at
any age. The signs may come suddenly and be quite severe. The
symptoms may include frequent urination, constant hunger, constant
thirst, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, edginess, mood changes, nausea,
and vomiting. People with type I have to take...
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Diabetes is a developmental disease, characterized by high blood glucose levels, causedby an improper functioning of the pancreas. The pancreas produces insulin which allowsour body's cells to absorb glucose ( a form of sugar) to be used when energy is needed. Ifthe pancreas becomes unable to produce insulin, or does not produce it effectively, it leadsto high levels of glucose in the blood, which causes health problems.The major risk factors for diabetes include:Being over 35, and the risk increases dramatically with ageBeing overweightHaving a family history of diabetesHaving a diet high in saturated fats and refined sugarFrequent use of alcoholOver the last two decades there has been a...
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Concept Critique # 7 In reading the two stories the reader is given insight into the lives of those living with diabetes. We can see the problems, hardships and difficulties one can have when suffering from the illness. Through reading the story certain biases become clear, biases which have nothing to do with nursing. The stories also give the reader the ability to see how important health teaching is and how it can be of immense help in the treatment and prevention of diseases such as diabetes. In the case of Alexandra, the story seems to be leaning towards the thought that due to her background and the beliefs of her parents they ignore her illness and believe it was a punishment....
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Diabetes is rapidly becoming a national epidemic. An estimated eighteen million Americans have diabetes and the number is growing, especially among children. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that between 1990 and 1998, the incidence of diabetes rose by 70% in the population aged 30-39, by 40% among those 40-49, and by 31% in the 50-59 age group. Even more frightening is the fact that it is estimated that as many as 33% of the population with Type I diabetes and up to 55% with Type II go undiagnosed. Many patients have been hyperglycemic for at least six years before diagnosis.
Many chronic complications have been implicated with the diagnosis of diabetes. Keeping...
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Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Children
Diabetes is not a single disease it is a multifactorial group of syndromes all characterized by an increase in the level of blood glucose that occurs due to lack of presence of insulin. Mainly, the less release of insulin leads to excess deposition of glycogen which is a peptide hormone synthesized by the pancreas and plays a role in raising the level of glucose in blood. (Mycek, 2007).
Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007)
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Diabetes is a very well known disorder. Nearly eighteen million people in the United States alone have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious illness, and there are about 1,800 new cases are being diagnosed each day. To completely understand diabetes, a person must first know how the body works with the disease and then determine which type of diabetes he/she has. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes. There are many factors that play into the development of this disease. Type 1 diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. In Type 2 the body still makes insulin, but is not using it correctly, resulting in elevated blood...
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I. Name of Disorder:
The official name of the disorder is Diabetes Mellitus. Most people just know it as diabetes. There are two major classifications of diabetes mellitus; insulin-dependent (IDDM) and noninsulin-dependent (NIDDM). IDDM is more commonly known as Type 1 Diabetes, and NIDDM is known as Type 2 Diabetes (Ekoé, 2008). Type 1 diabetes is the juvenile-onset diabetes that deals with the complete destruction of β-cells of the pancreas whereas type 2 diabetes is an adult-onset disorder in which individuals suffer from an insulin deficiency (Ekoé, 2008).
II. Chromosomal location:
The main location of diabetes type 1 or IDDM is on the short arm of chromosome 6 at the band 21.3....
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Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, which result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. Individuals are normally capable of digesting carbohydrates, in particular those most common in food; starch, and some disaccharides such as sucrose, are converted within a few hours to simpler forms such as the monosaccharide glucose, the principal carbohydrate energy source used by the body. Insulin is released into the blood by beta cells, located in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, in...
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) or simply diabetes, is a chronic health condition in which the body either fails to produce the amount of insulin needed or it responds inadequately to the insulin secreted by the pancreas. The three primary types of diabetes are: Diabetes Type 1 and 2, and during some pregnancies, Gestational diabetes. The cliché for all three types of diabetes is high glucose blood levels or hyperglycemia. The pathophysiology of all types of diabetes mellitus is related to the hormone insulin, which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. This hormone is responsible for maintaining an optimal glucose level in the blood. It allows the body cells to use glucose as a main...
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Diabetes is a chronic, genetically determined, debilitating disease that affects every organ system. There are two major types of diabetes: Type I and Type II. Type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is caused by the autoimmune destruction of the insulin producing cells of the pancreas and is usually, but not always diagnosed in childhood. People with type I diabetes must take insulin shots in order to survive. Type II diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), are usually diagnosed in adulthood. They produce insulin, but their bodies do not use it effectively or properly. While many modern diseases plague...
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In today’s world, parents have an abundance of worries when it comes to their children. Drugs, bad grades, and pre marital sex are just some things that may plague a parent with sleepless nights. But even on the worst of those nights of worry, most parents can’t imagine that their child could face an illness. Not just a runny nose or seasonal flu, but an illness that would affect their child throughout his or her entire life. Diabetes is a disease without a cure, and one that more, and more children have to live with.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that begins when the pancreas quits making insulin. Insulin plays a key role by letting glucose enter the body’s cells, and then uses...
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Having diabetes is dangerous. A person must change their entire way of living. If changes are not made, diabetes can bring along many harmful and serious health problems such as blindness, kidney disease, amputations, heart disease, and stroke. The key to diabetes is to understand; a person needs to learn about the disease to choose a healthy lifestyle.
Diabetes is one of the main causes of illness and death worldwide. Nearly 25.8 million people of the U.S population have diabetes (Mathur). In the world, about 18.8 billion people of all races, children and adults of all ages, are diagnosed with this disease (Mathur). Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition associated with abnormally...
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1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition in which the body has the inability to produce
insulin or react normally to insulin. The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus is extremely
complex, as diabetes mellitus is characterized by different types but share common
symptoms and complications. Diabetes mellitus is classified in two types: Type 1 and
type 2 diabetes. Although the disease is "characterized by different etiologies" (Cohen,
2009, pg. 268), the outcome for both types is hyperglycemia. The pathophysicology of
Diabetes mellitus is related to the hormone insulin, which is secreted by the beta cells of
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A complex disorder, diabetes mellitus afflicts people of every race, sex, age, and cultural background. The form most prevalent in juveniles is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).The diagnosis of this disease has important implications, particularly for the very young. Juvenile IDDM patients may be at risk for neuropsychological problems. In addition, overthe long term, IDDM patients may also suffer from numerous other complications. Fortunately though, advances in technology continue to provide these patients with effective tools for managing their condition. With the introduction of new therapeutic modalities, as well as theimprovement of existing medications, IDDM will eventually...
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Patient: D.M. Age: 76Location: Meadowview 1st Floor Student: Emily SotoDate of care: 10/24/07Medical Diagnosis: Diabetes MellitusDiabetes is a disease in which the body doesn't produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by specialized cells (beta cells) of the pancreas. (The pancreas is a deep-seated organ in the abdomen located behind the stomach.) Insulin is needed to turn sugar and other food into energy. In addition to helping glucose (which is the simple sugar that serves as the chief source of energy in the body) enter the cells; insulin is also important in tightly regulating the level of glucose in the blood. After a meal, the blood glucose level rises. In...
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Diabetes Mellitus, disease caused by defective carbohydrate metabolism and characterized by abnormally large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine. Diabetes mellitus affects approximately five percent of the United States population, about 10-12 million people, of whom about half remain undiagnosed. Diabetes mellitus can eventually damage the eyes, kidneys, heart, and limbs, and can endanger pregnancy. Proper treatment, however, can minimize these complications.Diabetes mellitus is usually classified into two types. Type I, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), formerly called juvenile-onset diabetes, which occurs in children and young adults, has been implicated as one of the...
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Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. “In 1996 diabetes contributed to more than 162,000 deaths”(Lewis 1367).
“Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a group of disorders with glucose intolerance in common” (McCance 674). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar) and results from defective insulin production, secretion, and utilization. There are many forms of diabetes. “Diabetes increases the risk of heart and blood vessel disease, amputation, infections, kidney damage, eye problems (including blindness), and nerve...
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Diabetes Mellitus is a common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood is too high, suffocating the body's cells, and damaging the sufferer's health. The words "diabetes mellitus" comes from the Greek words meaning "a fountain of sugar" (9).Diabetes Mellitus is a complex subject, but one factor is key to the whole issue - insulin. Insulin is a hormone - a substance produced within one part of the body that has its effects in other parts of the body, which it reaches through the bloodstream. It's produced solely by specialized (beta) cells within the pancreas gland. The stimulus to the pancreas that causes it to release insulin is the circulating level of...
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DIABETES MELLITUSDiabetes Mellitus-Is a multisystem disease related to abnormal insulin production, impaired insulin utilization, or both. Diabetes Mellitus is a serious health problem throughout the world. It is the 5th leading cause of death in the U.S. It is the leading cause of heart disease, stroke, adult blindness, and nontraumatic lower limb amputations.Etiology and PathophysiologyCurrent theories link the cause of diabetes, singly or in combination, to genetic, autoimmune, viral, and environmental factors (obesity, stress). Regardless of its cause, diabetes is primarily a disorder of glucose metabolism related to absent or insufficient insulin supplies and/or poor utilization of the...
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Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency in the secretion or action of insulin. Nearly six percent of the United States population shows some degree of abnormality in glucose metabolism indicative of diabetes or a tendency toward the condition. Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases in which the regulatory activity of insulin is defective. There are two major clinical classes of the disease. There's type I, which is insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and type II, which is non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). IDDM begins early in life and quickly becomes severe. NIDDM is slow to develop, milder, and often goes unrecognized. IDDM...
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Case study: Carol is 17 years old and was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at the age of 7 years. Carol has had a recent hospital admission for dehydration and high blood glucose. During the admission Carol was found to be 6 weeks pregnant. Prior to the admission she had been experiencing weight loss and changes in mood.
Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system starts destructing the human beta cells. The destruction of beta cells affects glucose (sugar) regulation in the blood consequently destroying the production of insulin, therefore taking away energy which we require each day, causing dehydration and high blood glucose.
The beta-cells are destroyed due to a combination of...
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Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome characterized by abnormal insulin secretion, derangement in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and is diagnosed by the presence of hyperglycemia. Also, this syndrome is common risk factors for chronic renal disease. Once it occurs, chronic renal failure and end stage renal disease often increase mortality in those with type 2 diabetes. A decrease in glomerular filtration rate indicates the development of renal disease, and early identification of this event is important in subjects with type 2 diabetes (1, 2).
A new experimental diabetic syndrome in adult rats administered streptozotocin (STZ) and partially protected with a suitable dose of nicotinamide. This...
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In 2012 statistics show that 176 billion dollars where use for medication on diabetes.Diabetes is a complicated issue as demonstrated through its history, symptoms,treatments, and number of people affected by it.
The first symptoms of diabetes happen in 1552 B.C. Ancient healers noticed that ants seemed more attracted to the urine of people with diabetes. Later on their was people known as "water tasters" that diagnosed diabetes by tasting the urine of people that thought they had it. If the urine tasted sweet it meant the person had diabetes. In 1800's scientist developed chemical test to detect the presence of sugar in the urine.As a physician kept discovering about diabetes on. The first...
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Diabetes: A Sugar Rush
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. It is a lifelong illness that can affect both adults and children. It is considered to be one of the leading causes of deaths in the United States right after heart attacks and cancer (medicinenet). Due to the life threatening nature of diabetes, the necessity of controlling it is absolutely essential. Diabetes is a very serious disease with many life threatening consequences, but if it is taken care of properly, diabetics can live a normal life.
There are about 23.6 million children and adults in the Unites States, or about 8% of the population, who have diabetes (diabetes). While...
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Diabetes Type 2
1.Diabetes is considered a life style disease because it is not
something you were born with it is something you bring upon yourself,
stress, don't enough exercise, eating too much of the wrong foods,
pregnancy or family history cause this particular disease.
2. Type 2 diabetes, or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most
common form of diabetes. It effects the respiratory system In Type 2
diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells
neglect the insulin. Insulin is needed for the body to be able to use
sugar. Sugar is the primary fuel for the cells in the body, and the
insulin takes the sugar from the...
1338 words - 5 pages
If we look back into history obesity was not a problem among our ancestors. In fact they hardly had enough food to survive. So it should not be a surprise when hundreds of years later, and with an abundance of food, that there is a rise in the average weight of people. Along with the rise in weight, the increase in the number of diseases patients can be infected with, such as diabetes. Obesity and Diabetes affect many people in the US, but could obesity be causing diabetes?
Obesity is more common than people think. One question that may arise is what is obesity? Well, “Obesity, defined as a BMI of 30 or over, accounts for nearly 300,000 deaths in the U.S. each year” (“Harmful” n.pg.)....
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Global health is defined as “health problems, issues, or concerns that transcend national borders” (Institute of Medicine, 1997, p. 2). Koplan (2009) proposed a new definition for global health which he described as an “area for study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide” (para, 7). Global health emphasizes transnational health issues, determinants, and solutions from an interdisciplinary perspective and blends population health and clinical care.
Global health means many things to many people. In the world view of this writer, global health describes the study of the health needs of the global community...
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The American Diabetes Association is an organization founded in 1940. It was founded by physicians to help research and find ways to fight diabetes. The ADA now is a large organization that consists of 90 offices in the United States. The main focus of the ADA is to help cure people affected with diabetes and to help provide the best lifestyle for the people through research programs by providing information to the victims, the families of the victims and to the public. The ADA provides a number of programs and activities that are supported by many physicians, research scientist, companies, and communities. The mission for the association is to provide the best life they can for individuals...
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NICE...plus algorithm.....plus vivek plus risk assesshttp://www.rightcare.nhs.uk/downloads/RC_Casebook_Bexley_Diabetes_Care_final.pdfhttp://pathways.nice.org.uk/pathways/diabeteshttp://www.avondiabetes.nhs.uk/professional/pathway/DiabetesICP_2012.pdfMETFORMIN:
Metformin is a biguanide antihyperglycemic agent used for treating non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It improves glycemic control by decreasing hepatic glucose production, decreasing glucose absorption and increasing insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Metformin is the only oral antihyperglycemic agent that is not associated with weight gain. Metformin may induce weight loss and is the drug of choice for obese...
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Almost everyone knows someone who has diabetes. Studies show that diabetes affects 23.6 million people-7.8 percent of the U.S. population. Being diagnosed with diabetes may cause changes in some people’s lives. You can never just look at a diabetic and understand the things that they go through on a daily basis. A question you may ask yourself is, “What is the life of a diabetic like?”
Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for growth and energy. Carbohydrates play apart in diabetes. It is a biological compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that is an important source of food and energy. When...
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Our modern life is full of illnesses and diseases. Each disorder has its main causes, its effects on our body, and its own treatment. Most of these illnesses have been in our world for a long time. However, our life styles with its inorganic food, stress, and bad habits have assisted these diseases to develop and to spread faster than before. One of these diseases is Diabetes. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. It can lead to a lot of other sickness such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, and blindness. Even though most of these illnesses happen after having...
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DIABETESDiabetes is a chronic disease that appears due to the fact that the pancreas doesn't make the quantity of insulin that the human body needs. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is the principal substance responsible for the correct values of sugar in the blood.This permits glucose to be transported to the interior of cells, so that these produce energy or store the glucose until its utilization is necessary.When this fails, it causes an excessive increase of the sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia). In fact, the scientific name of this disease is diabetes mellitus, which means "honey".Diabetes in the world· 383 million people have diabetes. In 2035, the number will...
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Adult Onset Diabetes Diabetes has been recognized for thousands of years as a disease. The Ebers Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian text written around 1550 B.C., described a condition of passing too much urine. Diabetes was given its name in the second century A.D. by a Greek physician Aretaeus. It was named for a Greek word meaning to "siphon" or "pass through". Early on it was observed that urine from people with diabetes was sweet. They concluded this by pouring the urine near an anthill. If the urine contained sugar the ants were attracted to it. In the eighteenth century the word mellitus was added to describe the sugary taste. Later on in the twentieth century Professor J.J.R. McCleod...
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Description of the disease
Diabetes is known to be a heterogeneous disorder which has characteristics of persistent hyperglycemia. There are two major types of diabetes that include type 1 diabetes previously referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes and type 2 diabetes previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes. These types of diabetes are known to be caused by a combination of environmental and genetical risk factors. However, we have other diabetes rare forms that are seen to be inherited directly. They include diabetes that result from mutations in the mitochondrial DNA and ‘‘maturity onset diabetes in the young’’ (MODY). All diabetes forms are known to have a drastic...