1886 words - 8 pages
The environmental problems seem to be key challenges of the XXI century. In the previous years the world politics and every person in general was occupied with politics and wars. But with the development of new technologies, with the increasing number of plants and factories all kind of manufacturing in general, a huge shift was made towards the environmental issues. The terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments have declined in virtually all aspects. New developments in industry and manufacturing were root causes of environmental degradation over the past three decades. The rapid growth of population, urbanization and globalization are the driving force of the environmental...
1845 words - 7 pages
China has many critical issues on their hands when it comes to their environment. Some major contributing factors are, over population, air pollution, and deforestation. Rapid industrialization and social change have raised the standard of living for millions of its people. If this country does not get a hold on these issues, more deaths will occur and more natural disaster will become challenging issue for their country that could put a strain on the entire world.China's over population and growth has made the environment extremely hazardous to the health and well being of Asia's culture. A country with 1,311,709,000 people, it has put a strain on their environment and has made it...
1035 words - 4 pages
Economic Growth and environmental problemsThe industrial revolution, which began around 1750, ushered human beings into a new era of modern civilization. While the remarkable progress in science and technology has improved people's lives greatly, our earth is changing and the environment around us is becoming worse and worse. According to Booth (1991, p.552), the" long-run economic growth relies on the creation of new industries and new forms of economic activity, these new forms of economic activity create new kinds of environmental problems". Focusing on these aspects, the economic growth will...
1553 words - 6 pages
China has approximately 20% of the world’s population, which is around 1.3 billion people (Morris, 2009, p. 111). Also, China has become one of the worlds biggest manufacturing countries within 30 years (Fawssett, 2009, p. 27). However, such rapid development has come at a cost, which has created various environmental problems. Coincidentally, China has 16 cities on a list of the 20 worst polluted cities in the world (Fawssett, 2009, p. 15). Therefore, this essay will explain the reasons for China’s environmental problems, then evaluate the claim that the Chinese government and people, are tackling these environmental problems. First, crop farming techniques over the last hundred years, and...
1034 words - 4 pages
A plastic shopping bag, the most known used product discovered by man. Data released by the United States Environmental Protection Agency shows that somewhere between 500 billion and 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year (National Geographic News, 2006). As the number of usage increases, the rate of plastic pollution grows eventually to be an immeasurable environmental obstacle that is difficult to control. This essay will unfold the case of plastic bags to identify the outcomes and impacts that are caused, and justify clarifications to this dilemma.
Plastic bags are seen to create many environmental challenges because of their physical and chemical properties. Due to its...
1953 words - 8 pages
Tiny or large, smelly or poisonous, there are many kinds of frogs and are excellent indicators of the quality of the overall environment. To this day, scientists continue to find new varieties of frogs never been discovered all over the world. Recently, tiny frogs [its scientific name is Eleutherodactylus Iberia, smaller than a U.S. dime, were discovered under old leaves in Cuba in 1996 (“The World’s Smallest Frog”). See-through glass frogs were discovered in the Upper Nangaritza Basin in southeastern Ecuador which had previously been known to live only in one area of northeastern Peru ("Ugly" Salamander Among New Species Found in Ecuador”). An individual may think finding new frogs is a...
3759 words - 15 pages
It is a fairly universal strategy to examine past and present trends in order to forecast the future. This can be commonly observed in everyday existence, as people rely on previous climate trends and recent weather phenomenon in order to make decisions such as how to dress and mode of transportation to use to go to work. Likewise, by employing the use of past and present data and trends, policymakers can make predictions of the future in order to create more effective policies, as well as find better “prescriptions” to solve existing problems (Lecture, 4/1/2010). There are existing neo-Malthusian theories, such as those made by Donella Meadows, et al., that the current trends, including...
4007 words - 16 pages
Improving the Quality of International Agreements
Human production and development systems have increasingly made use of the earth's resources, gradually leading to what can now be described as environmental crisis. Without immediate and future concern for the ways humans treat the planet and surrounding atmosphere, humans could be the creators of their own destruction. Economic, social, and political systems have all added to the degradation of the environment, such as mineral resource extraction, wars, political boundaries, and policy for actions taken within those boundaries. In order to attack the root causes of environmental destruction, we must first confront the reasons behind...
4384 words - 18 pages
IntroductionRationalBased on the past experience in the area of environment and resource studies, the environmental problems such as the accumulation of heavy metals in water and sediment in the canal and river have been the major focus in the study area. The study shows that the major source of heavy metals that accumulate in water and sediment is industries. As a result, it motivates the researcher to choose the research topic about industrialization is responsible for the world's environmental problems. This current research will certainly be useful for the researcher. It is because this research is closely related to the researcher's future study, particularly in the...
5737 words - 23 pages
Buddhism is the Solution to Our Current Environmental Problems
The destruction of the environment is a major problem in the world today. The exploitation of natural resources, over population, pollution and the spread of human’s impact has negatively affected the quality of the Earth. All life is suffering from the environmental degradation. Air and water quality in cities and surrounding areas is poor. Greenhouse gas emissions are causing a global climate change that is displacing many species out of their natural habitat. The root cause of these issues is that human action negatively effects the environment. Western culture exploits the Earth as a resource for materialist growth....
1609 words - 6 pages
Although anthropologists have been interested in questions of nature and culture from the discipline's earliest days, contemporary cultural anthropology is witnessing an explosion of interest in the environment and environmental movements. Anthropologists working in the United States have observed rapid changes in cultural concepts of the environment and note that popular beliefs about the environment are closely linked to concepts of social order (Kempton et al. 1995). Anthropologists working in remote communities around the world have observed local groups deploying terms from the international environmentalist lexicon, such as biodiversity and sustainable development, to defend...
785 words - 3 pages
There has been a variety of assumptions made by different authors of how the world population is affecting the environment in terms of overpopulation and population growth.Some assume that controlling the birth rates in developing countries by using legal actions will improve the world´s environment, whereas others contend that overconsumption caused by the developed countries is a greater threat to the world´s environment (Albert,no date:3). This paper argues that both consumption and population must be considered when regarding the environmental problems and their causes as developing countries...
2070 words - 8 pages
2. Research Problem.
The issues surrounding the natural environment, and those measures necessary to save it, are pervasive themes in current Australian political and social discourse; awareness is high, and opinions are divided. With impending generational replacement, the environmental movement, represented by Environmental Movement Organisations’ (EMO), is of increasing importance in attempts to shift public opinion and behaviours. This research considers it important to understand how the attitudes of Generation Y on the importance of contemporary environmental issues relate to their support for environmental movement organisations’ (EMOs). This research is an investigation into...
1497 words - 6 pages
Education and Awareness Will Promote Environmental Justice
The goals of this environmental justice conference are stated simply: firstly, to explore whether racial minorities and the poor are being environmentally victimized, and secondly, to evaluate public policies that promote environmental fairness. Each speaker provided insight and information from their respective area of expertise. Led by keynote speaker Dr. Bunyan Bryant, they drew upon the realms of academic investigation, government and public policy, sociology, healthcare, and philosophy to unite the environmental movement with the quest for social justice. After absorbing so much information concerning the current state of...
1935 words - 8 pages
A review of 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change'.Q1: How is the paper positioned in [Environmental psychology] and the general social science literature?The research report entitled 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change' was published by R. E O'Connor and colleagues in 1999. In this study, O'Connor et al. attempt a novel exploration of the cognitive antecedence...
2163 words - 9 pages
The purpose of environmental assessments is to gather information, involve the public and ultimately to support sustainable development. Environmental assessments are implemented to maintain human and environmental health by examining the implications a proposed project may have on the biophysical, social and economic components (Alberta Government, 2013). Certain regulations pertaining to environmental affairs are in place to regulate activities and to promote informed decision making (National Environmental Management Act, 1998).
The National Environmental Management Act (1998) refers to the environment as being the “surroundings...
856 words - 3 pages
5.2 Cooperative Enforcement: The Tainan Example
As analysed above, Taiwan’s environmental criminal law enforcement faces some common problems. Since 2005, there has been a new cooperative enforcement model run by the Tainan Local Prosecutors’ Office voluntarily. Three prosecutors in the Tainan Local Prosecutor Office were interviewed and it was realised that this model may provide many solutions to the problems identified in this research.
Figure 5.2 A Successful Cooperative Enforcement Model in Tainan City, Taiwan
Tainan, an old cultural centre in the southern part of Taiwan, has increasing industrial pollution. Many rivers have been polluted by factories in Tainan in last...
2357 words - 9 pages
In Canada, concerns involving environmental security are not the top priority. But due to recent research, Canada must be more strongly committed to environmental security due to increasing environmental problems internationally. There are many ways Canada can stay committed to environmental security, for example, increased funding to Canada’s Department of National Defence’s Environment Department. Also to stay committed to increased access and support to Voluntary Environmental Programs across Canada. Finally to completely stay up to world standards in environmental security, Canada must implement an effective environmental planning system. Throughout the essay, the topic at hand will be...
1485 words - 6 pages
This is a very contradictory question as it can lead to completely different opinions among people. Some people consider that the fundamentals of an American life are more important whereas others would say that protection of the natural environment is more important. For example, use of pesticides are harmful for the consumers of the vegetables, crops sprayed with these chemicals, however, use of pesticides means wealth for the shareholders of these companies, job for the company workers, income for the farmers. Rachel Carson, had argued in her book that whether the present profits of the industry and the current low prices in the vegetable aisle or the future of the birds more...
1494 words - 6 pages
In the United States and internationally, there is a multitude of indicators that the racial environment is changing. Environmental pollution and racism are connected in more ways than one. The world is unconsciously aware of environmental intolerances, yet continues to expose the poor and minorities to physical hazards. Furthermore, sociologist continue to study “whether racial disparities are largely a function of socioeconomic disparities or whether other factors associated with race are also related to the distribution of environmental hazards” (Mohai and Saha 2007: 345). Many of these factors include economic positions, health disparities, social and political affairs, as well as racial...
1005 words - 4 pages
There are many different environmental issues that face the world today; we discussed many of these issues in our Introduction to Environmental Science and Policy class. All environmental problems are different in some way, although many of them have factors in common. For the most part the environmental issues we discussed have to do with the degradation of the environment. We discussed many different issues throughout the semester. These issues varied from small issues that could be changed through community involvement to large issues that affect the entire world. The solutions...
912 words - 4 pages
Globalization, which can be defined as the trend away from distinct national economic units and toward one huge global market. This trend can be found on many aspects in the business world such as, political, economical, and social. Yet one factor that has a huge impact on making globalization possible is the effect on the environment. The environment not only involves our many nations, but it also involves our citizens. The United States should have policies toward the world market that protect the standards and regulations designed to improve the quality of life.In times of today there requires new paths that encourage exchanges of goods, capital, and people that enhance the...
2480 words - 10 pages
In 1962 an American biologist Rachel Carson published a hugely influential novel called Silent Spring. The book highlighted the harmful effects of insecticides on all life on Earth and described a future without the songs of birds. It caused such great interest that Carson was widely acknowledged as the mother of environmentalism as a political ideology.Despite the fact that politics of global environmentalism is a fairly new aspect of International Relations, environmental problems are not new. People began to understand their role in environmental degradation and various policies...
1326 words - 5 pages
The legacy of environmental degradation in Eastern Europe under Soviet rule has been well documented in recent years since the fall of the iron curtain. Western media has been engulfed with horror stories from the former Soviet states and Poland in particular, known as the "Dirty man of Europe," has not escaped criticism for its environmental negligence. There are certainly some spectacular examples of disregard for the environment to be found in Poland; suffocating air in the major cities, levels of Sulphur dioxide far exceeding those of western Europe and the US, widespread damage to historical...
2459 words - 10 pages
Over the past few decades we have seen a gradual increase in the number of writers writing about issues related to environmental concerns. So far poets, fiction writers and nature writers from different communities were either ignored or misread when they tried to raise their voice for environmental justice concerns. All that is changing now as we see an increasing number of writers exploring issues related to environmental racism and environmental justice through their works.
According to Adamson, these authors, who are now gaining popularity among the ecocritics and environmentalists, require a different kind of reading than established ecocriticism. The term Adamson uses to describe this...
1746 words - 7 pages
“Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been defined by the European Commission as the integration by companies of social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in the interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. CSR is about managing companies in a socially responsible manner. Business and society are interdependent. The well-being of one depends on the on the other. Companies engaged in CSR are reporting benefits to their reputation and their bottom line. CSR is a voluntary action that business can take, over and above compliance with minimum legal requirements, to address both its own competitive interests and the interests of wider...
729 words - 3 pages
As the U.S. prepares to respond to the ghastly terrorist attacks of September 11, the hard task will be to choose among effective options while minimizing the costs. Environmental concerns might seem trivial and even unpatriotic at a time like this, but the environmental effects of military action pose long-term dangers that we would be foolish to ignore. Thinking in environmental terms at this moment should not be surprising. We must be alert to the likelihood that aggression toward the United States may increasingly take the form of environmental terrorism, including...
2104 words - 8 pages
The purpose of this research is to gather baseline data on the level of environmental knowledge and behaviour of college students in UK. For this purpose, an instrument of 33 items was designed and tested on a sample of 80 students. When investigating the students' main source of environmental information, it was found that the students gained most of their environmental knowledge from out-of-school sources rather than from general education at school. The majority of the students indicated that they gathered most of their environmental information from electronic media (radio and television of 50%). Only 21%...
1653 words - 7 pages
INDEX1 Environmental Marketing2 Driving Forces in Environmental3 ConclusionSources1 ENVINRONMENTAL MARKETINGEnvironmental marketing as a concept started in the late 1980s and early 1990s as consumer interests into environmentally friendly and sustainable products grew to a point where purchasing decisions were made on whether a product or company was environmentally friendly. According to surveys made during that time period, three major trends could be found; consumers avoided purchasing a product because they believed that the product or packaging was environmentally harmful, consumers purchased products specifically because they were...
1423 words - 6 pages
The physically of the environmental problems facing Nepal, Korea, and the Russian Fareast are overwhelmingly evident and unfortunately, impossible to ignore. They are factual burdens on these countries’ socioeconomic welfare. Nevertheless, a candid comparison to the Australian and the American experience insinuates a prevailing conflict in values towards the “political importance” of environment problems in lure of necessary social development. According to Elson Strahan’s (2000) article Comparative Environmental Policy: Australia and the U.S., he questions what set of values that will ultimately drive policymakers in these two countries, and thus “…environmental policies must be...
3896 words - 16 pages
Thailand tourism plays an important role in its economic development and the hotel business is part of it. Tourism industry and hotel businesses are influence and supporting each other. The activities of hotel businesses are issues that had a much impact on the environment. The global warming phenomenon has been dramatically increasing. Environmental crisis has become one of the world’s most serious problems to be concerned about caused by increasing world population. People had doubled the consumption of natural resource (Webster, 2005).
Activities from tourism have affected directly and indirectly the ecosystems. For instance, coral reefs is damaged by tourists such as trampling,...
1311 words - 5 pages
The earth is facing an environmental crisis on a scale unprecedented in human history. This crisis is due to high levels of human pain and, if it continues, the human life on the planet disappears. People often say that the reason that the world is in its current state is because there are too many people or because of modern technology. Global pollution growth has led to increasing pressure on worldwide natural resources including air, water, land, and raw materials; and modern societies have generated an increasing demand for the use of industrial chemicals. The use of chemicals has resulted in great benefits in raising the level of living, giving conveniences to human life and upgrading...
1202 words - 5 pages
Chapter 2: Environmental History: An Overview2-1 Cultural Changes and the EnvironmentMain Changes- Agricultural Revolution Industrial Revolution Information and Globalization RevolutionDamage- More energy and power to change and alter plant to meet our basic needs Allowed expansion of human population (at expense of other populations), mostly because of increased food supplies and longer life spans. Increased environmental impact because of resource use, pollution, and environmental degradation.Hunter-gatherers had little impact on environment because Small...
4685 words - 19 pages
INTRODUCTIONProtecting the environment is essential for the quality of life of current and future generations. The challenge is to combine this with continuing economic growth in a way which is sustainable over the long term.European citizens are increasingly aware of the importance of high environmental standards for their health,well-being and overall quality of life. They demand high standards, both in their own interest and the interest of future generations. The EU continues to develop its environmental policy. The adoption by the European Council of the EU's first Sustainable Development Strategy in june 2001 was a direct response to that...
1221 words - 5 pages
When we sit in a science class, most of the time we are bored as bored can get. We really do not get a chance to explore on our own to find out what’s really out there. Teachers sometimes are not able to get in depth outside the textbook because they are required to teach that all in the year. That is why a lot of kids do not really get into science because they are stuck to the book all the time. Some kids love science and do not really care about the work they have to do. Environmental science, is more than the book really says.
No one really quite understands what it takes to be an Environmental Scientist. Environmental Science is a broad type of science. It may involve nature, animals,...
674 words - 3 pages
Environmental Issues in World Political Theories
For the first time in history, human beings have realized that the
environment can be destroyed by human activity. The massive cutting
down of forests, draining and flooding of bogs and lakes, changing the
flow of rivers, and building of harmful factories and power plants,
all of this contributes to damaging our environment. In the world
right now an agreement has not been reached about to what extent are
humans responsible for the changes in the environment on Earth. World
Political forces according to their interests approach environmental
issues in different ways, following the three main World...
2163 words - 9 pages
Development processes is connected with environmental degradation and use of natural resources. Rudel et al. (2011) assumes the present of two distinct waves of development power which control environment. The first wave of political economy deals with the power of capitalism as the main agent for environmental degradation, while the second wave concern with the social power (community) to control the use of natural resources.
In this first wave scenario, the idea is that capitalism is a significant power for shaping the performance of environment. IPAT/STIRPAT Theory proposes that capitalism is the cause for environment degradation because --in combination with rapid population growth...
1249 words - 5 pages
Globalization is not new. It has been going on for centuries. Nowadays globalization is present in many aspects or activities we realised, so we are familiarized to it in many different ways and we sometimes do not even realise it. We have experienced periods of struggles for global empire the Romans, the Greeks, the British, the Russians. We have twice witnessed the horrors of world war, and we have twice established international decision-making bodies, the League of Nations, and the United Nations, in an effort to promote greater mutual understanding among nations and peoples of the world. But globalization is in the news today. Perhaps, that is because the pace of globalization has...
864 words - 3 pages
Environmental Psychology Article Analysis
Environmental psychology is concern with real problems that occurs from the environment that affects the quality of human’s and other living species life. Research applies that the environment and human’s are unite as one and both depends on one another to stabilize the earth. The environment influences the individual’s behavior, mood, emotions, motivation, or psychological processes to either adapt or adjust to environmental changes. One variable in the environment that is responsible for mood changing that affects the individual’s behavior is light. Proper lighting is needed to balance some individual’s moods and emotions; therefore, Seasonal...
800 words - 3 pages
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 1GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 5Activity 5.5- Global Environmental IssuesBarbara MackinIndiana Wesleyan UniversityBSM0240MGT 460- International Issues in BusinessMay 4, 2014Patrick Okorodudu, InstructorI have read and understand the plagiarism policy as outlined in the syllabus and the sections in the Student Bulletin relating to the IWU Honesty/Cheating Policy. By affixing this statement to the title page of my paper, I...
2543 words - 10 pages
Factors Shaping Recycling Habits
The United States generates more solid waste each year than any than any other nation. The total cost of disposing of this waste has reached nearly $75 billion annually. Only 17% of the municipal solid waste is recycled in the United States, compared with 40% in Japan and up to 60% in some Western European countries (Oskamp et al., 1995). America's landfill system for disposing of this waste is quickly reaching its limits, and managing this waste is becoming increasingly costly and problematic. There are two solutions available for this problem: reduce the amount of waste originally generated or to increase recycling (Porter et al., 1995). In focusing on...
667 words - 3 pages
The film, Ecotoons, was basically about the environmental problems that we are facing today. It was presented in cartoons so that it would be clearly understood and would be a fun film to watch. They had made this film for us to be aware about the environmental issues that matter most today, and the only issues that may matter tomorrow. To be aware is not enough but it's the first step to find out solutions and to be one with the earth. Ecotoons enumerated the environmental problems by comparing it figuratively. The...
1916 words - 8 pages
Legislation aimed at protecting New Zealand’s environment and natural resources has been through countless reforms to better tailor it to the various discourses that surround environmental management. In Simin Davoudi’s (2012) reading “Climate Risk and Security: New Meanings of “the Environment” in the English Planning System”, Davoudi discusses that environment can be seen in various different ways, as local amenity, heritage ,landscape ,nature reserve, as a store house of resources, as a tradable commodity, as a problem, as sustainability and as a risk (Davoudi, 2012). Although, Davoudi’s typology relates to aspects of New Zealand’s environmental management paradigms, it fails to include...
1548 words - 6 pages
“Careers in Chemistry”
Though many people fail to realize it, chemistry is a subject essential to everyday life, due to the fact that it is the branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed. But what we must understand is that everything in the universe is composed of matter, hence chemistry is necessary in learning more about the world and universe that we live in. There are many careers and fields affiliated with chemistry that people pursue to learn more about the composition of the universe, but for now, let us examine the logistics of three of these careers. These three careers involving chemistry are geochemistry, environmental...
1717 words - 7 pages
Daniel C. Esty, a professor at Yale University and Director of the Center for Business and the Environment at Yale, is a corporate environmental strategy specialist. With twenty years of experience, in the early 1990s Esty worked for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He is now a Chairman of the Esty Environmental Partners. Meanwhile, Andrew S. Winston is a world-renown environmental advisor. Previously working for Boston Consulting Group, Time Warner and MTV, Andrew Winston shares the advantages of green business with audience around the world as a professional speaker. Together, they researched on forward-looking organizations establishing eco-advantage and their successful...
840 words - 3 pages
The amazing thing about renewable energy resources is that they do not deplete. These energy resources include energies such as hydroelectric energy, solar energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy. The major advantage of using these resources is that the environmental impact is extremely low when compared to the use of fossil fuels and other energy processes.
One of the most used renewable energy sources is hydroelectric power. When you look at all the environmental impacts of dams, etc., they seem to be a lot less devastating than those effects due to the use of coal and oil for producing energy. Some of the environmental impacts include major flooding due to the gigantic reservoirs...
591 words - 2 pages
Environmental Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use
One of the main issues involved with fossil fuels are the environmental impacts that occur from their use. These problems; such as acid rain, oil spills, climate change, global warming, etc., are not only occurring with fossil fuel usage, but are also increasing due to the increase in the use of fossil fuels. This essay will vaguely explain the area of environmental impacts from fossil fuel use, and will attempt to change, or further increase your understanding of the very serious environmental impacts that occur from fossil fuel use.
One of the biggest environmental impacts which is steadily increasing in severity due to fossil fuel usage is...
2314 words - 9 pages
The Environmental Platform
of the Republican, Democratic, and Green Parties
The Environment has become a hot topic in political platforms as of late. With noticeable changes in weather patterns such as El Nino, La Nina, and the steady increase in the average daily temperatures, environmentalist group's views and values have become the views and values of more of the general public. This topic has even resulted in more support of the Green Party and its leader Ralph Nader, who some environmentalists believe may have cost Al Gore the presidency. Although clean air, water, and global warming are all valid issues it is the belief of some political scientists that the reason for the...
1739 words - 7 pages
Major Environmental Issues facing Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is the second most industrialized country in SADC, after South Africa. Industries are concentrated around Harare, with ore smelters located close to the ore sources (principally along the Great Dyke). A combination of vehicle emissions, dust and smoke from domestic fires is a potential air quality concern in larger cities such as Harare. Water is not generally abundant, and the maintenance of water quality is a serious issue.
Zimbabwe has a rich biotic heritage and is highly dependent on tourism. It has a long history of biodiversity preservation, through the national parks, forest reserves and innovative...
1422 words - 6 pages
A challenge of using decision analysis procedures to make environmental decisions is that they tend to oversimplify a complex problem. The project’s or problem’s impact on the environment doesn’t just produce an economic impact but also a political and social impact. Environmental projects affect a large population of people, “stakeholders” and the environment itself, which need to be taken into consideration when making a decision.
Cost Benefit Analysis
Cost benefit analysis (CBA) has frequently been used in the field of environmental decision making. It is necessary for environmental analysis to evolve and become more sophisticated, due to the challenges presented by environmental...