1548 words - 6 pagesHydraulic Fracturing: Why the Bad Rep?Natural gas has been used in the home since the first century A.D. as a perfect heating source for daily living. It is used as a heating fuel and also used to cool. Natural gas is essential for everyone's daily life and it is more efficiently produced through a process called hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic Fracturing, or fracking for short, is a technique used in commercial gas drilling. Fracking involves drilling into deep underground shale, sand stone and coal beds. These deposits hold large amounts of natural gas and bubblesVIEW DOCUMENT
1573 words - 6 pagesAccording to an article on businessweek a because of fracking the areas around the drill locations have seen household incomes rise by $1,200. The energy sector supports 2.1 million jobs which added $75 billion to “federal and state revenues”. Fracking also added $283 billion to the US GDP or gross domestic product. Because of fracking fuel prices will fall which will lead to an increase of 3.5% to industrial production by the end of the decade. These have been some environmental questions about the safety of fracking most of which is the safety of the water and other natural resources. Mark Brownstein, who is chief counsel for the Environmental Defense Fund believes “If you’re going toVIEW DOCUMENT
1919 words - 8 pagesFracking in the natural gas community is a vital part of the recovery of natural gas. Fracking is a controversial subject right now; some environmentalists believe that fracking is detrimental for the environment, although some people believe that fracking is a necessity for the future of fuel. In other words, until the human race finds a better and more renewable fuel, such as wind, solar, geothermal, or nuclear. Fracking for natural gas could offset the United States oil consumption by one third, but all these fuels are a small percent of the energy being produced now. The fact is that fracking for a future can provide a seamless transition to a more renewable fuel. In addition toVIEW DOCUMENT
2016 words - 8 pages Hydraulic Fracturing is a controversial oil and gas extraction process developed in the late 1940s to gain access to natural gas deposits trapped miles under U.S. soil. Hydraulic Fracturing also known as hydrofracking is currently used in over 20 states including California. “California records showed fracking operations in 10 counties counties: Colusa, Glenn, Kern, Los Angeles, Monterey, Sacramento, Santa Barbara, Sutter, Kings and Ventura , as well as in state waters off Los Angeles. Kern County is currently California’s major oil-producing county; Halliburton (an American multinational corporation which is also one of the world's most significant oil manufacture companies with businessVIEW DOCUMENT
1452 words - 6 pagesWhat's the Fracking Problem?W hy does everyone care so much about natural gas? Why is it such an essential part of modern culture? Sure, it's an exciting and up and coming technology, which is fuel for the technological generation that we've grown up in, but we need to take a closer look to see the methods and impacts that could affect generations after us.Water is one of our important resources that were given to us by mother nature. We see water as a source for survival and many more advantages. It's fragile, and the smallest amount ofVIEW DOCUMENT
967 words - 4 pages
Hi,MY names Gavin Pitts from Nagel Middle School during this quarter are grade has been studying what is fracking Hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling down vertically to get natural gas from shale rock layers deep within the earth. Fracking produces natural gas extraction. Recent advancements for the drilling technology have led to new manmade fractures in shale plays that were once not available for exploration.(What is fracking online). I think fracking is not safe because in the areas where Fracking is taking place, it is causing crimes which isn’t beneficial to the economy, it also causes methane to get into peoples water and it is effecting surrounding FrackingVIEW DOCUMENT
973 words - 4 pages Nine million gallons is enough water to fill approximately fourteen Olympic sized swimming pools. This is the amount of freshwater used and contaminated during one Fracking session at one well. Fracking uses sand, water and hundreds of detrimental chemicals mixture that is blasted at high pressure into a natural gas well. This dangerous process destroys the environment, killing once beautiful acres of land throughout the world. Fracking is a volatile and uncontrolled process which is scary when thinking of all the biodegrading chemicals used, these chemicals and the process itself leave long and short term damaging effects. Fracking has now pushed its way through America’s front doorVIEW DOCUMENT
1900 words - 8 pagesNatural gas is said to be one of the most popular forms of energy today. In the past, often
left undeveloped and wasted, it was once considered “unusable” and “worthless”, compared to oil. In order to try to break our country’s dependence on foreign oil supplies, we have begun to dip into our own natural gas supply. Natural gas is found underground, and is produced when trapped gas is released above ground. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a process that extracts natural gas from the ground. As harmless as the billion dollar producing oil companies would want us to believe, environmental groups, scientists, and average citizens have raised concerns about the negativeVIEW DOCUMENT
1430 words - 6 pagesFracking Causes Water Concerns
Texas is the leading domestic producer of oil and gas (Allen 489), even above the state of Alaska, and is responsible for thirty percent of the nation’s output. Hydro- Fracturing or “fracking” is the latest trend in oil and natural gas recovery. This industry is creating jobs and wealth at on obscene rate and will possibly lead the way for independence from foreign fuel sources (Davis 179-180). Despite the downsides to this industry‘s use of water and toxic chemicals. “Fracking” is a process in which a viscous fluid, mostly water and some toxic chemicals to create the gel like state, is injected at high pressures below the ground in an attempt to fractureVIEW DOCUMENT
737 words - 3 pagesHydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling and pumping large amounts of water beneath the Earth to open up natural gas deposits (Banerjee). Countries with large natural gas deposits, such as France and Bulgaria, have already banned the practice of hydraulic fracturing. Though fracking may seem like a new concept, it is not; about one million wells have been fracked since the mid-1900s in America (Brantley). Fracking has only become so controversial recently because the most current proposals have been in more residential areas. The most controversial natural gas deposits in the United States are the Marcellus Shale alongVIEW DOCUMENT
1643 words - 7 pagesEver since the process of hydraulic fracturing—or fracking—made its entrance to the oil industry, issues and problems surrounding the process have become a common occurrence. Fracking is the controversial process of horizontal drilling (see fig. 1), where millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are pumped deep into an oil well to extract natural gas from the earth’s crust (Ehrenberg 20). This practice has even been banned in some places (see fig. 1). The methane that comes out of the earth and the water used—called fracking fluid—has the potential to cause problems with local ground water supplies. Whether or not fracking is the cause of these problems, concern shouldVIEW DOCUMENT
757 words - 3 pagesThe search for a good oil supply has been going on ever since cars first started to run on gasoline. Although while there are great ways to drill, there are extremely dangerous environmental hazards and risks to animals that come along with it. Fracking, many argue, is the best form of drilling that we have today. Fracking is the use of sand, water, and chemicals injected at high pressures to blast open shale rock and release the trapped gas inside. Still, many debate the use of fracking because while it provides jobs and helps the economy, fracking is awful for the environment because it uses many chemicals in the drilling process and it contaminates large supplies of drinking waterVIEW DOCUMENT
1863 words - 7 pages in non-porous rock (Howarth, Ingraffea, and Engelder 3). The main type of rock surface that is used in this process is shale rock due to its vast amounts of trapped natural gas mostly consisting of methane (1). When hydraulic fracturing occurs, a well is drilled horizontally into the shale rock surface at about 1000 meters deep (Kramer 2). The next step in the process is to create channels for the gas trapped in the rock to escape through. This is done by injecting a substance known as fracking fluid deep inside the well at consistently high pressure, causing the rock to fracture. Once the channels are made, pressure is released and the fracking fluid flows back up to the surface supposedlyVIEW DOCUMENT
1037 words - 4 pages sound the questions are, at what cost to our health and continued wellbeing? Why are gas companies given special accommodations not to have to follow through with laws that have already been passed and lastly is the benefits of fracking for natural gas worth all the damage it is causing?
To better understand the points I am hoping to make with this research paper, you must first have a general idea of what Hydraulic fracturing is and its process. “Hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) is a technique for tapping unconventional oil and gas reserves that are otherwise inaccessible. In the early 2000s, energy companies began combining horizontal (or directional) drilling with hydraulic fracturing toVIEW DOCUMENT
1451 words - 6 pages sound the questions are, at what cost to our health and continued wellbeing? Why are gas companies given special accommodations not to have to follow through with laws that have already been passed? Lastly is the benefits of fracking for natural gas worth all the damage it is causing?
To better understand the points I am hoping to make with this research paper, you must first have a general idea of what Hydraulic fracturing is and its process. “Hydraulic fracturing “fracking” is a technique for tapping unconventional oil and gas reserves that are otherwise inaccessible. In the early 2000s, energy companies began combining horizontal (or directional) drilling with hydraulic fracturing to tapVIEW DOCUMENT
876 words - 4 pages Have you ever imagine the earth run out of resources, especially gasoline? The most significant energy we use to take for granted may be in tight supply. It would be a major inconvenience for us. That’s why I am here to discuss about it, that’s why I am here to save the earth, and that’s why I want all of you to join with me today. With fossil fuels nearing extinction, the United States has very limited options for providing the country’s millions of energy consumers with an energy source that is affordable and cost effective ; therefore, the solution is hydraulic fracking, also known as “fracking,” Natural Gas has the capabilities of fueling American cars and homes for the next hundredVIEW DOCUMENT
1641 words - 7 pages Imagine a country that could depend solely on itself for energy, a place where energy wasn’t a concern. A country that unveiled an untouched, vast amount of energy that may be harnessed and used to create a legacy. The way this opportunity has presented itself, was through the courageous acts of many gas companies using a process called fracking. Through the use of hydraulic fracking, companies have created millions of jobs for people all across America. The problem is extremists and environmentalists want to bring this process to a halt, due to chemicals causing “harm” to the environment. Natural gas companies should be allowed to frack and gain access to the untapped colossalVIEW DOCUMENT
1249 words - 5 pagesIntroduction
“Hydraulic fracturing involves the use of water pressure to create fractures in rock that allow the oil and natural gas it contains to escape and flow out of a well (Energy From Shale).” Fracking has served to extract natural gas and oil where other methods would not be as successful but many environmentalists argue that fracking is affecting the environment and our drinking supply of water. Although fracking is still a controversial topic, it provides Americans jobs, increases the economy of the region, and the natural gas and oil are cleaner and more affordable source of energy. The EPA recognizes that natural gas and oil are an essential part to help our planet survive butVIEW DOCUMENT
1308 words - 5 pages
Imagine once living in a quiet, scenic town and one day you wake up to loud, disrupting noise from traffic and machinery. One major issue that most are unaware of is the practice of hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking or horizontal-drilling. Fracking is a gruesome process performed by gas companies to obtain natural or shale gas. Some people believe fracking is nearly harmless, but scientists and environmentalists have evidence to prove it is not only dangerous to the environment, but also to human beings.
Fracking is a process where gas companies drill about 8,000 feet below the earth to blast water, sand, and chemicals under enormous pressure. ThisVIEW DOCUMENT
2051 words - 8 pagesThe U.S federal government should significantly increase fracking because oil and gas fracking is big business in America, with more than two million hydraulically fractured wells across the country producing 43 and 67 percent of our national oil and gas outputs, respectively. But in my opinion these wells also nearly played a secondary role as nuclear waste storage sites and had the Atomic Energy Commission had its way with Project Plowshare. And fracking is the process of pumping water deep into the Earth, specifically into underground oil and gas reserves, at tremendous pressures in order to break apart the surrounding rock and free the energy product, which can then be pumped out andVIEW DOCUMENT
1500 words - 6 pagesOil and natural gas companies have developed a way to drill for natural gas, a process called hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. Natural gas is a flammable gas mixture consisting of methane and several other hydrocarbons that occur naturally underground. Natural gas is used as fuel for heating, cooking, and even in some automobiles like the “RideOn” buses. This technique has only recently become economically feasible with the rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking. However, fracking has many waste products and unusual side effects caused by the unnatural forces and materials used. Fracking has a detrimentalVIEW DOCUMENT
1294 words - 5 pagesA nuclear meltdown is todays hydraulic fracturing. “Fracking” as it is more commonly known as, is the process of injecting water into underground wells in order to obtain natural gas that is highly dispersed in the rock. Today, we live in a world of innovativation, efficiency, and where these ideas bring us closer to a better future. The fracking method is pumping large amount of fluids, which consists of water, chemicals, and solid materials, into underground wells which opens and fractures the surrounding rock formations. With this new opening, the natural gas can begin to flow outwards which makes it easy to extract. Hydraulic fracturing is a heated topic having many negatives that farVIEW DOCUMENT
1541 words - 6 pagesNatural gas within shale rock formations is the new energy resource that is on the rise due to the decline of oil reserves in recent years. Though, the benefits of this recent discovery can be economically advantageous for our country’s future. However, we have ignored water and air as a natural resource. These two resources are taken for granted by people all over the world, possibly due to the high abundance of both. Water and our atmosphere are two resources that are essential for life to thrive, and the production of natural gas through hydraulic fracking endangers these resources.
Hydraulic fracturing is a process which involves using heavily powered diesel machinery for drillingVIEW DOCUMENT
3582 words - 14 pages-output alternatives. Because renewable sources are not yet fully developed, there are many who claim that a “bridge fuel” is needed to meet the world’s requirements while more sustainable energy sources are developed.
One proposed option is shale gas produced through a process called hydraulic fracturing,
or “fracking.” But this energy source is highly polarizing, with strong advocates and detractors.
While there are many who believe hydraulic fracturing should not be used in the quest for natural
resources, the process has a relatively low impact on the environment, and the shale gas that it
produces has the potential to change the energy landscape for the better. Contrary toVIEW DOCUMENT
1539 words - 6 pagesIf the question: “what hydraulic fracturing or fracking is?” was asked to the average person, depending on their location their answer could vary. Most likely though most or many people would not know what Fracking truly is but most would say that they have heard at least a little about it from the news. Hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking is a process that occurs after well has been drilled or bored, and the process through use of a perforated casing that injects fracking fluid which travels through the holes and to target zones and soon when the target zones can’t absorb the fluid and pressure is created causing natural gas or oil to flow up to the surface (Hydraulic FracturingVIEW DOCUMENT
1099 words - 4 pages preserving earth’s resources, both those that can immediately be used, and those like the landscapes which tell a different story of their own. Throughout this journey, it is up to you to decide if hydrofracking does more than good; it is up to you to decide how much risk you are willing to put yourself, your family, and your friends.
Hydraulic Fracturing is a method of natural gas release which came into fruition in the 1940’s since but since then over 2.5 million fracking sites can be found in the United States alone. Hydraulic Fracturing combines a different form of horizontal drilling with hydraulic fracturing or fracking. Horizontal drilling is where instead of drilling straight down, theVIEW DOCUMENT
3310 words - 13 pages attack. This natural defense mechanism can prove draining to the human body and endocrine disruption can result. A current example that highlights this topic involves the use of hydraulic fracking in several areas of the U.S. Previous epidemiologic research have indicated problems with endocrine disruption of exposed individuals living in geographic proximity to fracking. This is a serious health concern for these people, and it can ultimately put them at a health disadvantage due to their environment.
A working knowledge of hydraulic fracking is imperative towards understanding the mechanism behind endocrine disruption in the exposed populations. Hydraulic fracking or hydrofracking is aVIEW DOCUMENT
935 words - 4 pages Hydraulic Fracturing is the cracking of the Marcellus Shale by injecting more than one million gallons of water, sand, and other chemicals at a high pressure into wells that go as far as 10,000 ft. deep. Miners and people who work for gas companies do this to collect the natural gas that shale rock produces. “Fracking” was developed by Haliburton about 60 years ago. This was a big break through because there was a point in time where the United States was considered energy poor. With this relatively new finding, the U.S. would have a great supply of natural gas, and it will also take part take part in our nations’ process of using “clean” energy in the future. Although there areVIEW DOCUMENT
2136 words - 9 pages. However, “current scientific consensus is that accidents and malfunctions, such as well blowouts, leaking casings, and spills of drilling fluids or wastewater, are more likely to contaminate surface and groundwater supplies than the process of high-volume hydraulic fracturing itself” (Adgate et. al. 2014:7). This means that more processing error rather than procedure is contaminating the water sources.
One possible contamination of water is called flowback water, which is “a byproduct of the fracking phase, and must be disposed of safely because it can potentially contaminate air and soil” (Finkel and Law 2004:784). Flowback water contains several chemicals that are known to cause adverseVIEW DOCUMENT
2436 words - 10 pagesOne of the fuels commonly used today is natural gas. Natural gas can be harvested through hydro-fracturing or fracking shale, a type of sedimentary rock. The natural gas is harvested by drilling wells deep into the shale and releasing the natural gas trapped inside. Natural gas has become increasingly important recently and as a result there has been an increased focus on attaining the natural gas through fracking. However, there has been an increasing amount of backlash about the effects that fracking has on water supplies, livestock (including animals used for food) public concerns and safety. There are documented incidents where fracking has polluted water supplies, contaminated animalsVIEW DOCUMENT
2670 words - 11 pages
The Controversy that Surrounds the Use of fracking
7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in today's world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of fracking (Hydraulic Fracturing). Hydraulic Fracturing is a method carried out by energy producing firms to extract hydrocarbons from beneath the ground, inVIEW DOCUMENT
2355 words - 9 pagesTo frack or not to frack, is the question that is heavily debated in Colorado. Many might think that fracking and oil and natural gas production in Colorado is a relatively new process, but it has actually been around for many decades. The industry has provided 110,000 jobs to the citizens of Colorado making gas and oil production very important to our state. Even though oil and natural gas have brought jobs and revenue to Colorado, the citizens of Colorado are much divided when it comes to fracking and how it effects our environment.
Colorado’s first oil discovery was in 1860, in Canyon City. Communities such as Boulder Colorado benefited from the discovery of oil, as well. InVIEW DOCUMENT
1955 words - 8 pages
The controversy that lies behind the use of 'Fracking'
7.2 Billion people heavily rely on oil in todays world. With such weighty demand comes a substantial amount of pressure for oil firms to extract, and supply hydrocarbons. This is a major reason as to why oil firms are reliant on hydraulic fracturing in order to extract fossil fuels miles beneath the ground. This cycle of demand and supply makes this subject vitally important to research and discuss. This investigation will be based on the controversy that surrounds the use of 'Fracking' (Hydraulic Fracturing). Hydraulic Fracturing is a method carried out by energy producing firms to extract hydrocarbons from beneath the groundVIEW DOCUMENT
2401 words - 10 pagesDefinition of Terms
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Fracking, or Hydraulic Fracturing is a method used to extract underground resources including oil, natural gas, and geothermal energy by injecting high pressure fluid into a geologic formation containing oil or natural gas deposits. The high pressure fluid opens up existing fractures and creates new fracture systems that allow the resources that were once trapped to move more freely into a production well for further extraction.
Shale gas is defined by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) as natural gas that is trapped within shale formations. Shale formations are geologic formations that containVIEW DOCUMENT
843 words - 3 pagesFracking is when a gas and oil company extracts natural gas from the ground, in a layer called the Utica Shale. They have to drill in a vertical direction into the ground, then releasing natural gas.
Fracking is the process of when natural gas gets produced. That save gas environmentally.That’s beneficial.
If land does get leased and some of that land could be woods, if the oil company uses that land, then they’ll cut down the woods. That’s an environmental problem.
Fracking creates so many jobs...what could possibly top that?
Fracking does create jobs, but mainly manufacturing jobs, THAT many people want a job like that? Not that i’ve ever heard someone say they want to be aVIEW DOCUMENT
1012 words - 4 pages make the claim that their methods of drilling are safe and that they follow federal regulations to ensure a safe work environment. Oil companies also add that fracturing incidents are rare and that the gains from fracturing greatly outweigh any potential danger. Despite the assurances the oil industry offers, hydraulic fracturing poses too many dangers to the wellbeing of peoples’ lives and natural habitats alike.
What is hydraulic fracturing? Hydraulic fracturing (also known as fracking) is the process of extracting the natural gas, methane from the porous rock called shale. After using, a drilling rig to create a well that leads down to the shale, drillers pump in fracking fluidVIEW DOCUMENT
1375 words - 6 pagesHydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is not a novel concept. The hope of being able to access fossil fuels trapped inside layers of shale deep beneath the Earth’s surface was achieved by the process of fracking, developed in 1903 (energyindepth.com). Over the last century, hydraulic fracturing has become an efficient and environmentally friendly way to access the natural gas needed to meet the United States’ high demands. With the condition of the environment rapidly deteriorating, the process of hydraulic fracturing is being questioned. Fracking has made the natural gas trapped within the shale deposits below the earth’s surface accessible with new techniques, all whileVIEW DOCUMENT
723 words - 3 pagesYour name10/1/2014Recitation day/time/TA nameCT #, Question #, ID ###-####-123Word Count: (25 + 417 + 43 + 15 + 25 + 21 = 547)Natural Gas Production: Is it Worth the Cost?Interpretation (25)Despite advancements in fracking technology lowering gas prices, its negative environmental and human externalities are too steep. Fracking is not a sustainable long-term energy option.Analysis (417)When burned, natural gas emits carbon dioxide into the atmosphere despite its promotion as green. By 2035 shale gas isVIEW DOCUMENT
1502 words - 6 pagesHydraulic fracturing, also commonly referred to as fracking, is a type of drilling for natural gas and oil that started in the 1940’s. In the beginning, when a well was slowing down, dynamite or TNT were placed inside the well head and detonated to help the flow of gas and oil by expanding natural cracks and veins in the earth. This method of fracking was used extensively for almost fifty years in the United States until the easy to mine and profitable oil had been almost completely tapped. A new form of hydraulic fracking was created in the early 90’s to help capture the less available oil and gas pockets remaining in the United States. The current method of fracking begins by drillingVIEW DOCUMENT
870 words - 3 pages
Conventional wisdom tells there are two sides to every story. Sometimes, one side represents the science, facts, and figures. Sometimes, the other side represents emotions and plays on unfounded facts. As natural gas is extracted thru hydraulic fracturing, also known as “fracking,” some people see this effort as a direct attack on mother earth; meanwhile, others see this as a blessing that has been bestowed upon us at a critical point in America’s development. Let’s first examine the group that lets fear conjecture run emotion and baseless facts guide their opinions and efforts to accepting natural gas in Pennsylvania.
The 2010 documentary Gas Land, seems to have captured theVIEW DOCUMENT
814 words - 3 pagesThe United States has an immense amount of proven natural gas reserves that could become a major source for the nation's energy future (1). The mining of the natural gas resources have become feasible and cheaper due to the advancement of hydraulic fracturing technologies which have increased the amount the extraction and enabled “greater access to gas in shale formations” (2). Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking of shale formations has positive benefits that includes economic growth and the natural gas extracted is cleaner than coal and oil, however it has caused serious environmental problems and possibly could be the cause of recent seismic activity in areas where fracking operationsVIEW DOCUMENT
1884 words - 8 pages hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. A Healthy alternative to the fossil fuels we so frivolously use is now more critical than ever. With an overwhelming amount of negative effects on the population and the environment, hydraulic-fracturing releases dangerous chemicals into unwanted areas, endangering many ecosystems, and harming many social institutions. Fracking is the process in which high-pressured fluids are injected up to 1,000 feet below the earths crust, combining water, chemical additives, and a propping agent that is usually seen as ceramic beads, or some other material that is unable to be compressed. (Veil 2010)
The United States is in the midst of and energy boom unlikeVIEW DOCUMENT
955 words - 4 pagesI became interested in the process of hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking”, after watching the documentary Gasland II. It chronicled the experiences of those who inhabit areas in close proximity to active fracking wells in Pennsylvania. Detailing how their lives had been affected by the drilling, focusing on water contamination and illnesses that potentially could be linked to the chemicals used in the drilling process. At the end, I had questions about the actual process and the kinds of chemicals being used. Research would be necessary to connect all the dots between the process, the contamination, and why these people were not protected under any environmental lawsVIEW DOCUMENT
1081 words - 4 pages
Hydraulic fracturing. The natural gas collected through this process, more commonly known as fracking, is the supposed energy source of the future that’s going to wean the United States off of it’s foreign oil addiction. As Obama said in his 2013 State of the Union address, “We produce more natural gas than ever before – and nearly everyone’s energy bill is lower because of it.” But what exactly is fracking?
Let’s start at the beginning. The process of hydraulic fracturing was invented in 1947, but it didn’t see large-scale commercial success until George Mitchell, also known as the “father of fracking,” implemented it within his company Barnett Shale. The process itself isVIEW DOCUMENT
1181 words - 5 pagesIntroduction
Shale gas is a natural gas that is found deep in the earth’s crust. This type of natural gas usually forms in shale deposits and can be released with a drilling technique known as fracking. Shale gas has become the most important source of natural gas in the United States. Scientist and researchers have always known of shale gas, but none have had the technologies to reach it till now. In early 2000, shale gas compensated for one percent of the United States supply of natural gas resources, but by 2010, shale gas accounted for over twenty percent of the United States supply of natural gas.
Fossil fuels have many advantages, and are a good way to break the dependency on otherVIEW DOCUMENT
867 words - 3 pagesIn his article The Drillers Are Coming Mark Fischetti examines the pros and cons of the natural gas drilling procedure known as hydraulic fracturing or fracking. He also discusses the Marcellus formation, a shale deposit that stretches from New York to Tennessee (Fischetti, 2010).
According to the article, the Marcellus formation could potentially provide the United States with enough natural gas for the next 40 years if consumption rates stay at the present rates (Fischetti, 2010). Fischetti discusses the current political pressures to achieve energy dependence from overseas countries and mentions that natural gas could be a cleaner alternative to coal. Natural gas discharges 40VIEW DOCUMENT
1387 words - 6 pages was passed, thus paving the way for natural gas companies to expand production across the nation utilizing a new drilling technology, enabling easier extraction of shale gas. The drilling process of hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” has become synonymous with controversy. Why? Fracking involves injecting dangerously toxic chemicals, mixed with large quantities of water and sand, into wells at extremely high pressure, to release natural gas. Promoted by the natural gas industry as a cleaner, safer alternative to coal, the process of fracking has made shale gas plentiful, which sounds to some Americans as the best answer to their energy prayers. However, the negative consequences associatedVIEW DOCUMENT
1232 words - 5 pages government. Hydraulic fracking is one method that is used to extract oil from shale using pressure from water or other substance. Fracking has come under fire as people become concerned about its safety and its effect on ground water. One the federal level most of the power to regulate fracking has been given to the states. The 2005 Energy Policy Act and 1972 Clean Water Act makes exemptions for fracking due to the fact it is considered construction tools. The exempting denies the EPA or Environmental Protection Agency to regulate any pollutants that may be produced. Despite this, the federal government cooperates with the state governments as they hold the power to regulate oil frackingVIEW DOCUMENT
1860 words - 7 pages Around the world, countries are dependent on oil and more often than not, foreign oil. The U.S. is at a time where they believe buying foreign oil supports terrorism and hurts our economy. Shale formations deep underground that spread all over the U.S. have been found to contain natural gas. This includes the Marcellus Shale formation and the Utica Shale formation, which can be found all throughout New York State and down the East Coast (Hydro-Fracking pg.1). To get at this abundance of gas underground, hydraulic fracturing was invented, but this new method of gas extraction safe for the environment and for the people around it?
Numerous reports have been given on theVIEW DOCUMENT
1735 words - 7 pagesLimitations
Writer Mike Lee of the Bloomberg News wrote an article about the use of water consumption in a Texas drought. After an intense drought in Texas, government officials for the first time, is limiting water consumption on natural gas producers. State regulators in Texas say 85 percent of drilled wells are being used towards fracking. Residents have voiced their concerns to the drilling companies saying fracking is contaminating their water and a few areas are concerned that fracking is using all of the water in that area (Lee). The United States Environmental Protection Agency is looking into whether hydraulic fracturing really does contaminate water supplies. Some officials areVIEW DOCUMENT