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The American Revolution and the French Revolution are similar in many ways. They are also different in some aspects. For example, the French Revolution was far more violent than the American. Both the French and American Revolutions follow the same basic pattern, first a problem, then a struggle, and then a change.Firstly, both revolutions had similar causes. They both had kings with absolute power. The Americans were displeased with taxation without representation. And the French were upset because many upper class citizens were being exempted from the taille. Also the third estate, which...
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The French Revolution was a time for expansion in human freedom. It was a way for the French to re-invent their government to give some sort of equality for their people. There were many successes the French Revolution made, such as creating public schools for children and making it mandatory for them to attend. The French Revolution had the intentions to create a better government and lifestyle for their people, such as Jacobins who believed in the poor having their turn to rule. Though, others opposed the ideas of the revolution. Those people did not go unpunished by their beliefs. This was known as the Reign of Terror, which was not completely necessary for their society.
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The French Revolution was the event that most influenced American foreign policy. The French Revolution sparked hostility between the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans and the Hamiltonian Federalists. The Revolution was in fact a world revolution because the revolution influenced not only France, but also other civilized countries. When the Revolution entered the Reign of Terror, Federalist Aristocrats feared for their lives and were wary of the Jeffersonian mobs. Federalists once supported the Revolution, but now, strongly opposed it. The Jeffersonians regretted the bloodshed, but...
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Causes of the French RevolutionVarious cause can account for the causes of the French revolution.Mainly political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. The Philosophes planted the seeds for the French Revolution. Their goals were to expose and destroy the inequalities of the ancient regime (old order).The political discontent of...
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The economy was a major cause of the Revolution. Such things as extravagant nobles, bad harvesting, and starvation effected the decrease in money. Louis XVI lived in the Palace of Versailles. Billions of dollars were spent to make this. Just the Hall of Mirrors alone symbolizes the lifestyle of the French nobility. This hall was covered from one end to another in mirrors (hence the name "Hall of Mirrors") and the walls were painted with gold (Doc.1). Bad harvesting was another issue. The grain prices increased because of inflation. The small yield of harvest, which wasn't much to begin with, rain, hail, drought, and the closing of granaries were all causes of inflation (Doc.5). The...
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A historian once wrote that all revolutions need ideas to fuel them. Can this assertion be applied to the French Revolution? Yes, new ideas are the root to any revolution because new ideas are needed to change old ways. The dictionary states that a revolution is: A sudden or momentous change in a situation. In this case the situation would be political and social reform. Some of the ideas that lead to the revolution are; a change from a monarchy to a democracy, religious tolerance, science and reason challenge the church, protection of natural rights, and uplifting of economic restraints.
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Angelina DanunsMr. Fogel1 October 2013French Revolution EssayFrench Revolution. These two words bring back so many memories and emotions to so many people even today. Its know as one of the most bloodiest events in the world. The French revolution was groundbreaking for numerous reasons: Firstly, The Revolution was a time when people were denied their humanity. Secondly, they were placed into estates with rules that they might not have wanted to follow. The Revolution was cruel, bloody, and painful. When the regime wasn't able to tackle the problems of the country on its own, the citizens start making up their own solutions in order to find their way out of the...
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France was a nation ruled by an absolute monarch who had power beyond the grasp of any peasant, and just out of the reach of the aristocracy. King Louis XIV (1774 - 1791) of France was not willing to give up his monopoly that had existed for seventeen years. It was the perfect situation for his absolute government, and may have remained that way if he had been able to manage France’s finances successfully. More money had been spent on roads' canals and wars then were being collected through taxes. In addition the government lost control over the bourgeois class. The bourgeois (working class merchants) gained control by using the disorganized peasant class, members of the Third Estate,...
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Napoleon's return to an autocratic government saved the French revolution, and all it stood for; and saving France from a near potentially anarchic situation. Napoleon although an autocratic dictator, was nothing like his predecessors (nor was he like king Louis XVI). Napoleon was in touch with all French men and worked for the good of all French people, and introduced new reforms and change. Napoleon's autocratic government made many important decisions that were duly welcomed by many French people. Napoleon changed the way of life for many French people, which placed...
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The French RevolutionWhat were the causes and the effects of the French Revolution? Themajor cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the differenttypes of social classes in French society. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. TheRevolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of theRevolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led tothe development of new political forces such as democracy and nationalism.It questioned the authority of...
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This essay will be a summary of Chapter three, on the French Revolution. It will, in retrospect, describe the roller coaster years of a nation in peace and upheaval; in prosperity and poverty; in humility and humiliation. This essay also focuses on several groups and individuals who helped mould and destroy a great nation all in the name of greed and selfish desire. Absolutism, on the surface, appeared to be "THE" best system of government. However, as Arthur Young, a wealthy farming specialist from England stated, in his book "Travels in France", "...absolutism in the strictest sense was impossible in eighteenth-century France. Such a large nation could never be controlled by a single...
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The last thirty years have given us a new version of the history of the French Revolution, the most diverse and hostile schools having contributed to it. The philosopher, Taine, drew attention to the affinity between the revolutionary and what he calls the classic spirit, that is, the spirit of abstraction which gave rise to Cartesianism and produced certain masterpieces of French literature. Moreover he admirably demonstrated the mechanism of the local revolutionary committees and showed how a daring Jacobin minority was able to enforce its will as that of "the people". Following up this line of research M. Augustin Cochin has quite recently studied the mechanism of the...
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1ForminioJessica ForminioMrs. BrennanGlobal II22 September 2014Causes of the French RevolutionThe French Revolution of 1789 had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French, especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views of government and society. The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. The French Monarchy emerged from the Seven Years War defeated...
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The French Revolution
The French Revolution last from 1789 to 1799. This war had many causes that began the revolution. Its causes ranged from the American Revolution, the economic crisis in France, social injustices to the immediate causes like the fall of Bastille, the Convening of he Estate-General, and the Great Fear. As a result of this revolution there many effects , immediate and long term. The immediate effects were the declaration of rights of man, abolishing of olds reign, execution of king and queen, the reign of terror, and war and forming of the citizen-army. The long term effects were the rise of Napoleon, spread of revolutionary ideas, growth of nationalism, and the...
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The French Revolution
This essay intends to draw on the much similarity between the French
Revolution and the age of antiquity, more specific Ancient Greece. We
shall compare dominant figures of both the French Revolution and
Ancient Greece by using examples from writings from both ancient
literature and contemporary and giving direct examples to support the
ideas in this essay. Furthermore, this essay will discuss how similar
the emergence of democracy in Ancient Greece is to the emergence of it
in the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was the first modern revolution in history. It
is one of the most studied times in history. Many questions...
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What caused the French Revolution? Many things contributed to it evolving. But only three were the most important. The influence dates back all the way to the Age of Enlightenment, the ideas definitely had an effect on the French citizens. The American Revolution ties with the Enlightenment as well. The political inequality of the three estates played a huge part in the disruption. In addition to that, the Economic inequality also influenced France. The French Revolution is a big and memorable part of history; yet curiosity of the human mind grabs the attention of it evolving in our world...
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The French Revolution: Causes, Outcomes, Conflicting InterpretationsCauses of the French Revolution:-1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the "reform" of thetax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditionalaristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu's Spiritof the Laws; introduces new notions of good government, the most radical beingpopular...
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Taylor SicardGlobal HistoryOctober 25, 2014Mrs. HewsonFrench RevolutionThe French revolution was a period of time when the people found changes that needed to be reformed in their government. The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790's with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, the French razed and redesigned their country's political landscape uprooting centuries old institutions like absolute monarchy. Like the American Revolution before it, the French revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideas like popular sovereignty and inalienable rights. The people of France then seen that...
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The French RevolutionThe French Revolution covers a period of time between 1770 1814. The French Revolutionaries named that era the Ancient Regime. The Ancient Regime was not what they had gotten rid of, but what they wanted to make. They wanted a break from the old regime, preferably the Monarchy. I will discuss the origins of the French Revolution, Rousseaus contributions and his ideas of his writing of the Social Contract. I will talk about some of the conditions and actions of the French State, and also how the
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The French Revolution has gone down in history as an inglorious, unfruitful rebellion, but if one were to trace the actions of the Third Estate, however perplexing and malignant, it is easy to see that everything was stemmed from the—then radical—mantra of liberty, equality, and fraternity. A line from Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, says it best “though this be madness, there is method in’t” (9). The French Revolutionists’ fundamental causes for usurping absolutist political powers and providing basic rights to all men appears all for naught and a paradox in itself; the Third Estate was effective in changing the class, economic and political structures of eighteenth century France.
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In the latter years of the eighteenth century, France was an aristocratic bureaucracy, presided over by sovereign monarch Louis XVI. France was ruled under the Ancien Régime; a social and political system established by the French in the early renaissance period of the fifteenth century, until the late eighteenth century where it was violently overturned in the French Revolution. ‘ Under the Ancien Régime the richer a man was, the less he paid.’1 The French Revolution, beginning in 1789 was an era of social and political upheaval that saw the collapse of the absolute monarchy and its prejudice class system. Before the French Revolution of 1789, France was subject to a social division...
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The French Revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, provides a classic example of how a society united to overthrow a tyrant. During this short time period, a bloody revolt by the peasant population toppled the royalty and aristocrats from power and initiated a short period in which the political system was drastically reformed. New political ideas and philosophies were introduced, many of which are still used in the modern-day political establishment. The storming of the Bastille by an angry mob of...
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The age of Enlightenment took place between the time when Louis XIV died (1715), and the coup d'etat (1799, when Napoleon came into power. It is during this time period that the French Revolution occurred, as well as several other stages of reform. Strongly influenced by the pertinent reformations, the people began to exit the times of darkness, and entered a time of growth. The ideas of growth, reason, and natural law built a strong foundation for the enlightenment (Paul Hallsal). Incredible faith in human reason as well as the advancement of secularism was an important goal of European countries during this time period. During the age of Enlightenment, progression in many fields such as...
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The French Revolution was an unstable, blood-filled time. With 20,000 sent to the guillotine and an equal number to prison, it is not hard to find importance but rather to find meaning. The most crucial thing to look for in the revolution is justification, reasons that excuse or bring significance to the deaths of many. John Locke, a philosophe of the time, may have argued that a leader who does not provide his people with inalienable rights is grounds for dismissal in the form of regicide1. On the other hand Thomas Hobbes, also a philosopher, may have taken a different argument. It was his belief that 'man is a brute', therefore he needs a dictator to keep the peace.
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The event most commonly associated with the beginning of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Instigated by rumors that the King had begun to organize military forces for a counterattack against government reformers, a crowd of urban Parisians converged upon the Bastille with the intent of staging a preemptive strike against the monarchy. A state prison and military armory, the Bastille had been seen by the mob as representative of the King's dictatorial rule. The pubic's dissent upon the Bastille, which ultimately ended as a success for the mob, has been seen as a symbolic marker in the beginning of the French Revolution, deposition of the monarchy,...
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Before the French Revolution, France was ruled and governed by the king, his Grand Council of ministers, and 13 courts called parliaments. King Louis XVI ruled by “divine right,” believing that he had been put on the throne by the grace of God. France then was one of the most powerful and wealthiest countries, and had a strong army, and even stronger cultural influence. (Plain, 5) Louis XVI and his wife Marie-Antoinette were shielded from the daily lives of the ordinary people in France. When Louis XVI inherited the throne in 1774, he also inherited many problems left behind by the previous king, King Louis XV. The country had been involved in the Seven Years War, also known as the French...
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Before the year 1789, France was experiencing a large amount of discontent due to the usage of the old regime. The people had faced many problems politically, economically, and socially.When Napoleon had come to France he had brought with him the concepts of liberty and equality. During the old regime the Jews were not viewed as citizens, therefore were deprived of their natural rights. He had given citizenship to the French Jews, Being given citizenship now granted the Jews the access and the opportunity to do what they desired. They could now leave the country, because they owned passports. They were also able to own land, open businesses, go to school, and do just about...
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“Revolutions never go backwards.”-Wendell Phillips. It is true that revolutions never go backwards; an example of this would be the French Revolution. Before 1789, France was ruled by a monarchy. Before the France revolution, the monarch was King Louis XVI. His family had ruled France for many years, however King Louis XVI, was an ill-suited leader who lost his country to the National Assembly. During the French revolution, France went through countless reforms by switching back and forth from republics to dictatorships. France eventually thrived under the rule of Napoleon, who was a dictator chosen by the people. Because of the sacking of King Louis XVI and the monarchy, France had become...
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The Causes of the French Revolution.The French revolution overthrew the country?s ancient monarchy, proclaimed Liberty, Equality and Fraternity and fought off a hostile Europe. It ushered in a new age, but at a terrible price in blood and human suffering. There were many causes of the Revolution. The French Revolution appears to have been the outcome of both long term and short term factors, which arose from the social and political conditions and conflicts of the ancien regime. The long standing grievances of peasants, townsmen and bourgeoisie; the frustration?s of rising hopes among wealthy and ?middling? bourgeoisie and peasants; the distress and breakdown of government; a real...
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The Year 1789, the French Revolution has started and lasted for 10 years were Peasant and the lower class of the French society gave up on their hopes , Enough was Enough they have decided and not to take anymore misery from the upper classes such as the king and the Royal families which were called at the time The "Absolute Monarchy".So what really caused the French revolution?After being one of the powerful and richest countries in Europe, The People of France were facing a very hard times, poverty misery, hunger, tears and fear were all coming together for a long while.People of...
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The French Revolution (1789-99) violently transformed France from a monarchical state with a rigid social hierarchy into a modern nation in which the social structure was loosened and power passed increasingly to the middle classes.CAUSESThere is considerable controversy over the causes of the Revolution. Marxist scholars emphasize material factors: as the population increased, food supplies grew short; land had become divided into such small parcels that most Frenchmen lived close to the subsistence level; and after 1776 agricultural recession forced property owners to exploit their sources of revenue. Marxists also maintain that commercial prosperity had stimulated the...
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The French Revolution
Why was there a French Revolution? This is a
question of continual interests not only to professors
and philosophers, but to everybody who takes an
interests in the history of the world. Genuinely,
therefore, it is also a subject of much contention. The
statement citing the fundamental cause of the French
Revolution as the collision between a powerful rising
Bourgeoisie and an ingrained aristocracy, defending its
privileges it had for centuries, has great relevance in
reiterating the great conflict of 1789. However, it was
the financial debt of the government, and the financial
crisis it caused, which was at root of the actual course
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1775Louise XVI takes the French throne after the Louise XV unexpectedly dies of smallpox.1776The American war of independence has begun against Great Britain. The rivalry between the France and England, forces France to financially support the American Revolution. This drains the French treasury, and thus paving the way for the French revolution.1778France declares war against Britain in support of the American colonies.There are signs of bread shortages and unstable internal economy in France. These issues are ignored by the administration.1781Necker, a Swiss banker and Louis' financial advisor, produces a public report stating that the financial situation of...
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The French Revolution
The French Revolution, which began in 1789, is often seen as the dividing line between the early modern era and our own modern world.
· The system of Louis XIV broke down, and took with it to oblivion the ideological justification for monarchy and the hierarchical society of privilege that was the Old Regime.
· The short-lived First Republic of France had in the meantime created a new ideal of citizenship, a concept of national identity that has remained influential ever since.
· The Revolution was both a test run for democratic idealism and for the techniques of modern dictatorship.
This lecture will look at the collapse of the royal government,...
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French Revolution.-Louis XIV, bankrupted France with his foreign wars and his new palace, Versailles.-Louis XVI financial minister was Turgot. A man of the enlightenment, Turgot tried to tax land [mostly owned by nobles] free tariffs and get rid of the corvee.-Nobles and clergy were exempt from taxation and where against Turgot's plan to tax them. So they made Louis XVI get rid of Turgot and hire Necker, a Swiss banker-Necker financially supported the American Rev. which made a bigger debt for France.-King needed money so the nobles and clergy forced him to call the...
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The French Revolution
"The most high and sacred order of kings is that of the divine right, being the ordinance of God himself, founded in the prime laws of nature, and clearly established by expressed texts both of old and new testaments," states Maurice Ashley. Prior too the English Civil England was nation that inherited too the belief that such monarchies were absolute in their power and authority. However during the seventeenth century England found itself engrossed in a war in which absolutists and parliamentarians so strongly opposed each other, that it took the death of King Charles I to put an end to England's Civil War.
Historical studies of this time have focused very...
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The French Revolution was influenced by previous events. The idea of treating everyone equally was a cutting-edge view in the eighteenth century. Also novel was the notion that people in the lower social stratum should obtain access to commodities previously reserved for only the upper class. This cultural change for the majority of the populace, focused on promoting the ownership of manufactured goods, also impacted the French Revolution. The industrial change, however, had a longer impact that extended beyond the French Revolution itself. The ramification the industrial revolution had on the French Revolution was minuscule, to the point it was not really noticeable.
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The French Revolution The statement citing the essential cause of the French Revolution as the "collision between a powerful, rising bourgeoisie and an entrenched aristocracy defending its privileges" has great pertinence in summarizing the conflict of 1789. The causes of the French Revolution, being provoked by this collision of powers, were the financial debt of the government and the long-standing political differences in the government. Over the course of twenty-five years after the Seven Years' War, the government of France--the Bourgeoisie royalty, could not manage it's finances on a sound basis. This was worsened when France aided the American Revolution against Great Britain. The...
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The period of 18th and 19th century is marked by the greatest transformations, reformations, revolutions and many other critical events that ever took place in human history. The credit is given to all these revolutions for enlightenment of mankind. The two most important revolutions were the French revolution and the industrial revolution. One can feel that both of these revolutions mutually reinforced each other and later became the back bone of all other revolutions. On the other hand, both revolutions had totally different impacts and consequences at various economical, political and social realms.
The development of the industrialisation is outcome of the advancement of agriculture....
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What were the causes of the 1789 French Revolution?The 1794 French Revolution was caused by a number of factors and events. The first of these was the heavy taxation of the common people as well as the financial irresponsibility of the monarchy concerning these funds. Secondly, the unpopularity of the upper classes and Marie Antoinette had a huge impact on the general feeling of discontent among the lower classes. Finally, the short term issues such as riots and famine were rampant throughout the nation in the decade leading up to 1794, and this accelerated the path towards revolution.To begin with, the taxation of the common people, specifically the third estate,...
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Lyndon Caoyonan10/13/14World History 1st PeriodMr.WhiteEvents that Shaped the French RevolutionBefore the year 1789, France has been ruled under a feudal government ruled by monarchs, clergy, and nobles while the peasants of the country remain in a struggle for survival. But on August 4th, 1789, everything will change, forever. Prices of everyday items are going up, the economy slowly going into crises following the departure of the previous king of France: Louis XIV, France is slowly going toward disaster. After a young king Louis XVI has been crowned in 1774, France had been fighting for its life to stable the economy, and for the people who inhabit...
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When observing our history, it is common to see in numerous cases, the outcomes of an upheaval do not match the motivations or reasonings behind it. Take in account the American Revolution, for an example. Though the patriots preached of equality for all, slavery still existed in America for nearly a century and women remained remarkably oppressed even to this day. In order to judge and determine the extent of which Napoleon represents the ideals of the French Revolution, we must understand the revolution itself, the meaning and causes of the revolution, Napoleon himself, and what he believed in. In other words, we will delve into the smallest details possible in order to accurately create...
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Essay: Terror and the French Revolution
“Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death, - the last, much the easiest to bestow, O Guillotine!”
― Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
On the evening of the 14th of July 1989 1.5 million people from 17 different countries gathered along the Champs-Elysees to celebrate Bastilles Day , the anniversary of the French Revolution which had occurred two hundred years before. But what were the French celebrating, the capture of Bastille and the deaths of ninety eight people through a violent uprising ? It has been long debated the significance of the capture of Bastille and will continue to do so but the shockwaves it left in...
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The French Revolution was incited by a variety of reasons. At the time, the government was in a serious deficit resulting in great taxations. They had spent huge sums of money on the French and Indian War, and the king and nobility consumed much money to keep up with their lavish lifestyles. In addition, there was a severe economic depression at the time. In areas of agriculture, manufacturing, and trade, there were great downturns. Also, revolutionary ideas were instilled within the people during the Enlightenment. Together, the financial condition of the government, the economic depression, and the Enlightenment ideas played a pivotal role in causing the French Revolution.
In the late...
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The Order of the Day: Terror in the French RevolutionBy 1792, the many of the issues that had led to the French Revolution in the first place continued to be unsolved. The French economy was still in steady decline, The newly introduced paper currency called the assagnat, had depreciated. And that along with bad harvests, and the rise of the price of sugar due to a slave revolt in Haiti, left food prices very high. War with major European countries seemed imminent. Austria, Prussia, and England in order to maintain the order of monarchy defended the French monarchy's right to rule their people...
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Causes of the French Revolution
The French Revolution happened in France around the period 1789-92 (although these dates are disputed by historians), and resulted in the overthrow of the French monarchy and the Ancien Régime (the system of government). The monarchy in France had been established for many centuries, and the causes of the Revolution were deeply-rooted, including the problems with the Ancien Régime, the growth of nationalism, the influence of philosophers, and the example of the American Revolution. In the short term, there were other factors that precipitated the French Revolution, and these included the character of Louis XVI (the reigning French monarch at the time),...
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“Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death; - the last, much the easiest to bestow, O Guillotine!”
-- Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
Reflect upon your lifetime. Was there ever a moment where you felt mistreated, or unequally represented? Maybe it’s that your boss listens to your other coworkers and not you. Or that you feel like the government is listening to corporative powers and not the people. Inequality fosters resentment. How would you feel if your voice wasn’t heard? The concept of inequality is not exclusive to the French Revolution. In fact, these variations are seen within our modern relationships, social structures, and political structures—a few of which are outlined...
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There were many causes of the French Revolution. Some were hinted at or mentioned in Sources 1 and 2, but there were some causes that weren’t mentioned in the two sources.
The first source is mostly about the mistreatment of the Third Estate by the First Estate, Second Estate, and King Louis XVI (who is in front of the other Estates, using the Third Estate to carry them all along). The reason why King Louis is at the front, whipping the Third Estate to get himself and the other two Estates moving, but the Third Estate just can’t handle it. This is symbolic of the amount of work the Third Estate was doing compared to how much they were paid and how much they had to pay for...
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A revolution broke out in France in 1789 between the people of first and second Estates and the people of the Third Estate because the people of the Third Estate were treated incredibly unfair so they came together and took matters into their own hands. The three most important causes of the French Revolution were the bad economy and unfair taxes paid by the Third Estate, lack of voice and rights, and the idea of enlightenment and the inspiration of the American Revolution. The...
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Long-term government financial chaos played a lead role in the cause of the French Revolution. This point is supported by William Doyle, in Origins of the French Revolution. Government debt and lack of available funding seriously deteriorated authority and credit, leading to extreme measures in taxation, thereby acting as a catalyst of the French Revolution.
Doyle makes his point by arguing that France was approaching a state of fiscal ruin as far back as August 20, 1786, indicating that “Calonne, comptroller-general of the royal finances, first came to Louis XVI and informed him that the state was on the brink of financial collapse,” at that time. (p.43)...