3068 words - 12 pages>TRADTIONAL APPLICATION ARCHITECTURES
Terminal-host systems, client/server architectures (both file server program access and client/server processing.
Hosts with Dump terminals
The first step beyond stand-alone machines still place the processing power on a single host computer but distributed input/output (I/O) functions out to user sites.
It placed these functions in dumb terminals which sent user keystrokes to the host an painted host information on the terminal screen but did little else
Computer was often overloaded by the need to process both applications and terminal communicationVIEW DOCUMENT
491 words - 2 pages. Business communication journal. 2000. Print.
Kaldor, Marthias. Communication process: Theory and models. Interpersonal communication skills. 1998. Print.
Kostelnick, Charles. From Pen to Print: The New Visual Landscape of Professional
Communication. Business and Technical Communication journal. 1990. Print.
Lucas, Hurton. Interpersonal communication and the production paradox. Newyork: OUP. 1999. Print.
Lichtenstein, Rosenfeld. Uses and misuses of gratification research: An explication of media functions. Communication research. 1983. Print.
Samter, William. Characteristics ofcommunication and its effects on a person’s friendship cycle. Human communication research. London: PalgraveVIEW DOCUMENT
960 words - 4 pages relations">Public Relations is not used just to get an organization known or as a cheap form of advertisement. Public Relations are more involved in planning the communicationof the entire organization.The functionsof Public Relations can be divided into two categories. These categories are organizational functions and societal functions. This paper will discuss the organizational and societal functionsof public relations. Investor relations and employee relations will be discussed as they pertain to organizational functions. Marketing communication and consumer relations will be discussed as they pertain to societal functions.VIEW DOCUMENT
874 words - 3 pages relations, the organizational functions are those activities that relate to or involve organizations as opposed to the societal functions, which involve activities that relate to or involve society. Communications management and employee relations are great examples of organizational functions, where marketing communications and community relations reflect societal functionsof public relations.Communications management is the way in which communication is used to support the goals of public relations, as well as listening to the population on which an organization depends on, and analyzingVIEW DOCUMENT
807 words - 3 pages inform society and the community of its goals and intentions.The decision to categorize employee relations and investor relations as organizational functions was based on the fact that these two entities are stakeholders and have an internal connection to the organization.The decision to categorize social relations and community relations as societal functions was based on the fact that these two entities are external factors and closely tied to society and the general public.Some of the similarities between societal functions and organizational functions are that both:1. Developed to generate a line ofcommunication ofmanagement's outlook and intentions to a desiredVIEW DOCUMENT
1517 words - 6 pages are hostile this can make the whole outsourcing process harder to manage and can even endanger the eventual success of the outsourcing transaction.” (Key Issues for Public Sector HR Outsourcing, 2003).
For employees at The Admin Center, Inc. find that distance can be an issue. There are representatives from the human resource firm that are available to answer any questions management or other employees of the company may have but all communication is done through email or over the phone. There is not the face to face contact that an employee would have if the human resource functions are handled internally.
In some cases, another disadvantage to outsourcing human resource functions isVIEW DOCUMENT
1040 words - 4 pages. Communication is possibly the most imperative thing for the continued existence of any business.
Today employees want to know what is happening in their surroundings, what their co-workers are doing and how they are participating in the organization, and how the daily functionsof the organization are carried out? The manager requires more effective and logical communication in all the directions i.e. upward, downward; lateral etc. When there is effective communication in the organization it provides a bridge of understanding to people. In this way they can better understand each other. And this bridge of understanding helps them to cross the river of misinterpretation. Communication is not whatVIEW DOCUMENT
1213 words - 5 pagesCommunication can be referred to as, the sending information through a channel to the receiver and the receiver understanding the meaning of the information. Effective communication is very important to any organization and without it the organization will not function effectively. Communication has four functions, they are control, motivation information and emotional expression. Communication can be broken down into two groups, interpersonal and non verbal. Within an organization formal and informal communication is used. Communication plays an important role in goal setting.
Communication can be used to control the behavior of employees. This is done with the use of hierarchies andVIEW DOCUMENT
877 words - 4 pages is organizational functions.Organizational functionsof public relations involve the activities that interact with the organization. The organizational function is mainly internal to the organization and focuses on the product and communication according to the policy of the organization. Communication management is a function of organizational management that the Boeing Company practices daily. For instance, at the Boeing Information Systems plant in Anaheim, Boeing has over 3000 employees working on many different parts of one product. One team may be working on the software developmentVIEW DOCUMENT
1367 words - 5 pages, informational, and decisional and the management functions, which are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling all require communication.
There are many types ofcommunication. The first one I would like to communicate is vertical communication. The definition of vertical communication is the flow of information both downward and upward through the organizational chain of command. Some also refer to it as formal communication. Downward communication kind of speaks for itself; top-level management produces decisions that are communicated down to tell employees how to perform their job.
When working at Borders Books as an assistant manager I experienced a lot of downward communicationVIEW DOCUMENT
853 words - 3 pages lack of the iron fist and the ease ofcommunication made him the most trusted of the team leaders in the department, and his ability to motivate was outstanding. But as they say for every loss there is a gain, and his team was temporarily adopted by his manager who is even better at the leading function and I would say excels at all four functionsof management.The controlling function is the last of the basic management functions that involves the comparison of actual versus planned performance, and taking corrective actions when needed to ensure planned objectives are achieved. Monitoring and measuring performance by employees through performance reviews and one on one's providesVIEW DOCUMENT
686 words - 3 pagesCommunication in the Work EnvironmentCommunication is the process of transmitting information and meaning. It is important for managers to develop their communication skills, because it is the one major skills needed by managers. The management roles, which are interpersonal, informational, and decisional and the management functions, which are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling all require communication. The success of any organization depends greatly on the effective communication among its employees and the larger community it serves.There are many types ofcommunication. The first one I would like to communicate is vertical communication. The definition ofVIEW DOCUMENT
1364 words - 5 pages receiver and destination” (McQuail, 1993). “The source is seen as the decision maker, that is, the source decides which message to send, or rather selects one out of a set of possible messages. This selected message is then changed by the transmitter into a signal which is sent through the channel to the receiver” (Fiske, 2010). These functions are almost the same as the ones performed in the Osgood and Schramm circular model, however, the main drawback in this linear model is that it depicts communication as a one-way process where speakers only speak and never listen.
Therefore, the communication context which involves two friends sharing problems cannot be completely accurately describedVIEW DOCUMENT
955 words - 4 pagesfunctions while marketing communications, consumer relations, public affairs and issues management plus social responsibility are societal functions. An industry must develop a positive image to the public and within the industry. (Sitel 2006) To present this image successfully, a corporation must take need action in both categories.Organizaitonal FunctionsOrganizational functions are just as the title would imply, in-house. Farlex defines communications management as "the systematic planning, implementing, monitoring, and revision of all the channels ofcommunication within an organization and between organizations" (Farlex 2006)Communication is essential in getting theVIEW DOCUMENT
1178 words - 5 pages welfare of the organization. Communication is essential for the internal functioning of the enterprise because it integrates the managerial function. In McDonald uses communication to achieve the following purposes:
a) To establish and disseminate the goals of an enterprise
b) To organize human and other resources in the most effective and efficient way
c) To select, develop, and appraise members of the organization
d) To lead, direct, motivate and create a climate in which people want to contribute
e) To control performance
In addition to the above, the communication facilitates the managerial functions, but also that communication relates an enterprise to its external environment. It isVIEW DOCUMENT
813 words - 3 pagesThe process of setting and achieving the organization's goals through organizational resources is called management. To accomplish organizational goals, managers perform four basic functionsof managerial work which are known as the four functionsof management. These functions include planning, organizing, leading and controlling. These functions are highly integrated and recur throughout the organization. The four functionsof management are important to all organizations, whether they are large national corporations, small family based businesses, or nonprofit organization.1. PlanningPlanning is the first function of management. Planning is the continuing process to set anVIEW DOCUMENT
2249 words - 9 pagesI-SYSTEMS COLLEGEDIPLOMA IN BUSINESSADMINISTRATIONBusiness CommunicationAssignmentNAME : SHARON WONG PEI CHENSTUDENT ID : 940930015824LECTURER NAME : MR.NANTHAAssignment QuestionModule : Business communicationQuestion :1)Communication is one the basic functionsof management in any organization.Explain how communications flow and their advantages within organizations from the perspective of a middle managerVIEW DOCUMENT
969 words - 4 pagesThis skill is one of the elementary functionsof management in any business and its importance is hardly be overstated. It is a process of transmitting information, ideas, thoughts, opinions and plans between various parts of an organisation. It is impossible to have a relationship with stakeholders without communication. Good and effective communication is required not only for forming relations but also for success of the business.
Business communication encompasses not only communicating with external contacts but also with employees within the organisation. This will aid business in being well-organised and every matter whether it is a problem, an inquiry or a sales letter will beVIEW DOCUMENT
2334 words - 9 pages higher level in the group or organization. In upwards communication, it is used to provide feedback to managers or people in the higher level to inform them of progress towards goals, and relay current problems. Next is horizontal communication. Horizontal communication is often overlooked in the design of the provision for the communication. Communications that occur between the chairpersons of a department to another chairperson from different department is called as horizontal communication. Horizontal communication is a communication that flows across functions in an organization. Another communication type is diagonal communication. Diagonal communication is a communication that cutsVIEW DOCUMENT
1223 words - 5 pages activity not only in business, but in social, economic and psychological areas. It helps one develop, organize and disseminate knowledge. Duncan and Moriarty explain, “admittedly, there is a tendency in the study ofcommunication to fall into the communication fallacy, which proposes indiscriminately that all human activities are driven by communication. Although that might be true in a theoretical sense, we acknowledge there are factors other than communication that drive brand value. We argue, however, that communication, because of its meaning-making and organizing functions, plays a unique role in building relationships.” (Duncan and Moriarty pp12). Not only can communication be used toVIEW DOCUMENT
1354 words - 5 pages). Doctors argue for decision aids to promote patient engagement. Modern Healthcare, 43(48), 26-30
Jeppesen, K., Coyle, J., & Miser, W. (2009). Screening questions to predict limited health literacy: a cross-sectional study of patients with diabetes mellitus. Annals of Family Medicine, 7(1), 24-31. doi:10.1370/afm.919
Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2012). Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing: Theory and Application. (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
O’Daniel, M., & A.H., R. (2008). Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2637/
Tulsky, J. A. (2005). Interventions to Enhance Communication among Patients, Providers, and Families. JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE MEDICINE (8), 1. S95 - S102.
646 words - 3 pages A way to enhance discussion about family life is to identify the ways that families achieve each of the internal functions. Besides the basic necessities such as shelter, water, warmth, and care; families may also provide internal and external functions such as socialization, intellectual development, recreation, accommodation, transmission, and emotional support. There are positive and negative communication patterns associated with each function, which will be further discussed.
Providing care is the basic internal function and a base for the definition of family according to the United States Government. Providing care can be achieved by providing food, shelter, clothing, and caretakingVIEW DOCUMENT
1910 words - 8 pages serves a number of important functions. Organizational communication researcher Gary Kreps identifies several are first, it provides managers with feedback about current organizational issues and problems, and information about day-to-day operations that they need for making decisions about directing the organization, second, it is management’s primary source of feedback for determining the effectiveness of its downward communications, third, it relieves employees’ tensions by allowing lower-level organization members to share relevant information with their superiors and lastly, it encourages employees’ participation and involvement, thereby enhancing organizational cohesivenessVIEW DOCUMENT
586 words - 2 pages learners can use PECS to increases their work production and speech development. PECS is different from others visual communication systems in that the learner is taught to hand a picture to person with whom they want to communicate with. Learners are initially taught to use PECS to make request. Once their communicate dysfunction is learn they may be taught other functions such as labeling and questioning. To considerate the use of PECS, the person with autism must complete some assessments that often include formal intelligence tests and tests of adaptive behavior or functioning, such as social interactions and communication skills. On the same way, teachers must conduct additionalVIEW DOCUMENT
1441 words - 6 pagesEffective Communication Practices
Communication is defined as “the transfer and understanding of meaning” (Robbins & Judge, 2013) and is the foundation of every relationship. There are four main reasons for communication in business. They are to control, motivation, emotional expression and information (Robbins & Judge, 2013). Without effective communication the sharing of ideas, information, feelings and questions cannot be completed. There is a process to communication and when the process is broken communication is not effective. In business it is a manager’s responsibility to understand the process ofcommunication, the functionsof the communications and to minimize any barriers toVIEW DOCUMENT
595 words - 2 pagesA pidgin is a language which has no native speakers and was developed as a mean ofcommunication between people who do not have a common language. A pidgin is no one’s native language. Pidgins seem particularly likely to arise when two groups with different language are communicating in a place where there is also a third dominant language. For example, on Caribbean slave plantations in the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, West African people were forcefully separated from others who used the same language to reduce the risk of them plotting to escape or rebel. To be able to communicate with each other, as well as their overseers, these slaves have created a pidgin based on theVIEW DOCUMENT
828 words - 3 pages interpersonal communication to resolve issues that arise.To be a good manager one must know and use the four functionsof management- planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. It is no good for a manager to be good at two of the functions and not the other two. Management must specify the goals, assemble resources, stimulate high performance workers, and monitor progress of their goals in order for the organization to succeed. Without implementing all four functions then the organization will fail.ReferencesBateman, T.S. and Snell, S. (2004) Management: The New CompetitiveLandscape. New York,NY: McGraw-Hill Companies.VIEW DOCUMENT
563 words - 2 pages influencing people to work towards a common goal to effectively meet the goals of the organization. Leading includes motivating, managing conflicts, effective communication and maintaining moral.Controlling is the process of evaluating and regulating standards to ensure that goals are achieved and taking corrective actions when necessary.These four functionsof management should be the primary goal for managers to ensure success. However, in order to be successful, managers also should possess certain important skills and the ability to use said skills to implement the process effectively. Skills such as, interpersonal, decisional and informational skills.The functionsofVIEW DOCUMENT
944 words - 4 pagesofcommunication process is critical for managers.The last of the four functionsof management is controlling. During this process performance criteria derived form planning should serve management as a target for achieving project's objectives. There is number of tools such as schedule and budget that management can use to evaluate performance, analyze data and determine if corrective action is required (McNamara, C. 2008). When performance problems occur managers first should assess the issue and try to incorporate a mitigation plan to bring project back to its original plan. Through controlling, managers in my company are VIEW DOCUMENT
1203 words - 5 pagesIntroductionUnderstanding nonverbal communication and body language is a very important part of the work environment. Effective communication is essential in today's workplace. Functions, forms and cultural differences will help make communication more effective. "Studies show that you words account for only 7% of the messages you convey. The remaining 93% is nonverbal. 55% ofcommunication is based on what people see and the other 38% is transmitted through tone of voice." Ramsey (2005). This paper will help you understand body language at work and how people must be aware of the messages they send through body language. I will describe the functions and the forms of bodyVIEW DOCUMENT
1404 words - 6 pages management">Communications management, media relations, government affairs, publicity, investor relations, community relations, consumer relations, and employee relations are organizational functions while marketing communications, consumer relations, public affairs and issues management plus social responsibility are societal functions. An industry must develop a positive image to the public and within the industry (Sitel 2006). To present this image successfully, a corporation must take need action in both categories.Public RelationsPublic relations is a distinctive management function which helps establish and maintain mutual lines ofcommunication, understandingVIEW DOCUMENT
1139 words - 5 pages. I believe that I am an effective communicator, at least I try to be. I use this tool to control a conflict in behavior by using interpersonal communication to resolve issues that arise.Managers are the people who plan, organize, lead and control the activities of the organization so that its goals can be achieved. Not all planning is successful so the remaining functions can fall short of what is expected. Lewis, Goodman, and Fandt (1998) state that managerial roles (interpersonal, informational, and decisional) are effective ways to apply these functions to achieve organizational success. No one organization is perfect and there is always opportunities to expand in becoming the bestVIEW DOCUMENT
1963 words - 8 pages work in a business environment. Managers need to communicate with employees and workers must be able to communicate with the manager to acquire a profitable business. Better communication is the flow of information from front-line staff to managers, supervisors and directors.
There are several types ofcommunication below, including job descriptions, evaluation, organizational policies and organizational systems. Downward communication can help an individual in the performance of management functions among directing, motivating, controlling and coordinating including the down communication barriers in a way that often, that happens mistrust, anxiety status and differences in values andVIEW DOCUMENT
1088 words - 4 pagesAbstractThe Army uses all four functionsof management through a Chain of Command. All leaders throughout the military use at least one function, but multiple leaders working together covers all functions. Always someone is planning, organizing, leading, or controlling. The reason the United States Military is so effective is because leadership and management always try to stay a step ahead. The rank structure provides a guideline to how much a soldier manages. More rank brings more responsibility, more respect, and more use of each function. Though not all functions are needed to be a manager, a good manager does need all four. The Chain of Command is the best example to show leadershipVIEW DOCUMENT
1558 words - 6 pages something non-verbally.A large percentage of studies show that the meaning we derive from communication, we derive from the non-verbal cues that the other person gives. Non-verbal communication has many functions in the communication process. It regulates relationships and may support or replace verbal communication.The area most common to visual non-verbal communication is also known as body language and consists of several means of communicating without having to speak a word. A person's facial expressions, stance or posture, and even the way they move their eyes are all forms ofcommunication through body language. This characteristic of non-verbalVIEW DOCUMENT
819 words - 3 pages the communication software. At best these solution ignore the network, at worst they leave organizations vulnerable to excessive network maintenance. Limited scalability with large performance degradation. Today’s software approaches are:
Peer to Peer
The P2P approach includes options like Voice conferencing, video conferencing with limited basic VOIP options. The drawback is that this method presents extreme administrative difficulties. The IT team can never hope to combine the functions that may be offered through different vendors. Even using an all encompassing vendor software, one runs into the “black box” functionality that puts obstacles in the path of the IT administrators withVIEW DOCUMENT
1674 words - 7 pages daily workflow across all functionsof the business.
• It helps drive ownership and shared engagement
A number of forms are available to internally communicate information, views, news or message with the members of the organization, some commonly used forms are as follows:
The most commonly used means of business communication especially among departments are memos. A memo provides a format for a concise message. Through this form, information flows across and up and down in the firm. It reflects information, makes request and provides responses and presents informal reports.
Sometimes management and concerned people of the organization resort to an interview orVIEW DOCUMENT
1820 words - 7 pages) identified that every group has two separate functions called task and maintenance. The task functions are the objectives or activities that the group is trying to achieve, while the maintenance functions include anything that assists the group to function more smoothly. The four partners, as a group, are not functioning smoothly. Two of the partners have far stronger communicative styles that the other two. The task functions have been over-ridden by the poorly implemented maintenance functions. As a group, this Board of Directors does not show cohesive leadership, communication or management skills.3. CONCLUSIONS.3.1 The organisation of FF&P lacks effective inter-partnerVIEW DOCUMENT
1087 words - 4 pagesIn the five weeks of this class, we were studying Management-Theory, Practice, and Application. And in the five weeks, the terms that I am picking for this essay are a specific term, and these terms are environment of management, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.I will minimally break down the terms that I have picked and studied for each week and explained how it relates to my job at Comcast at the end of this essay.In week one, for the term environment of management, we studied how the break down of management is done. The break down is called the four functionsof management, and theseVIEW DOCUMENT
2044 words - 8 pages involves functional short-term exchanges such as might
occur between a shopper and a salesman; the label of interpersonal is reserved for
communication that functions in deeper and more meaningful relationships” (“Intrapersonal and Interpersonal” p. 3). Scholars argue about whether or not there should be an impersonal communication because some think that communication no matter how small is a big thing to the way a person communicates with others that they see everyday. Now that next type of Interpersonal communication is Mediated Interpersonal Communication. “Mediated interpersonal communication involves technology that assists or links the sender and receiver of messagesVIEW DOCUMENT
841 words - 3 pagesFunctionsof Management � PAGE �1� Functionsof Management � PAGE �5�
The Four Functionsof ManagementMGT/33005/02/2010�The Four Functionsof ManagementDespite the changes required in managing a business in today's economy and with major technological advances, management has four functions that will not change. The four functions are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. These functions are vital to the success of any organization and, as aVIEW DOCUMENT
1685 words - 7 pages explanation and much time to receive information.
RF Person (1993) points out that, understanding and receiving are the main significant operations in the communication process, since the reaction of the receiver defines whether the communication attempt is successful or failed. Generally, verbal language offers a springboard for interpersonal development within a workplace. Unlike chat and email functions, which have the tendency to take a task-oriented approach to communication. This is essential, as strong relationships often produce more productive and profitable cooperation (Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks, 2006).
For every point of view, oral communication leads to theVIEW DOCUMENT
1257 words - 5 pages "the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through the employment of the four management functionsof planning, organizing, leading, and controlling organizational resources" (2005). Daft adds that these functions are goal-directed, interrelated and interdependent.
The first of these functions, planning, involves creating a systematic process for achieving the goals of the firm. It prepares the organization for the future. Planning can take many forms and a variety of methods may be employed. Creativity and communication becomes very important in the function of planning. For example, during my employment with a tax service, in planning a marketingVIEW DOCUMENT
842 words - 3 pagesFunctionsof Management � PAGE �4�
Functionsof ManagementManagement is defined as "the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals" (Bateman & Snell, 2009, p. 19). When business is adequate, smaller emphasis is placed on managers and their roles. When times or markets change "it becomes evident that management is a challenge requiring constant adaptation to new circumstances" (Bateman & Snell, 2009, p. 6). Managers must be both effective and efficient to be successful. To achieve being effective and efficient there are four traditional functionsof management that must be completed.TheVIEW DOCUMENT
2421 words - 10 pages more or less as we mean it" (Tannen). When verbally communicating with an employee, a manager should always be clear and precise in relaying tasks and assignments, in giving guidelines, and in giving feedback on an employee's performance.A large percentage (studies show over ninety percent) of the meaning we derive from communication, we derive from the non-verbal cues that the other person gives (Wertheim). "Non-verbal communication has many functions in the communication process. It regulates relationships and may support or replace verbal communication" (Dunn). The reason actions have so much more impact in communication than verbal statements is because there are so many signals thatVIEW DOCUMENT
743 words - 3 pagescommunication events, and how group members learn these codes provides insight into particular communities. This additional insight may be used to enhance communication with group members, make sense of group members' decisions, and distinguish groups from one another, among other things. "ECO studies," according to Lindlof and Taylor (2002), "produce highly detailed analysis ofcommunication codes and their moment-to-moment functions in various contexts. In these analyses, speech communities are constituted in local and continuous performances of cultural and moral matters" (p. 45).
873 words - 3 pages informal or formal. Reaching the goal(s) means identifying some strategies. These strategies are agreed upon by members of the organization through some form ofcommunication, formal or informal. Then member's set about to act in accordance with what they agreed to do.ConclusionIn conclusion, this paper has provided the clear definitions of the four functionsof management as well as how these functions can affect operations management.Reference:Authenticity Consulting, LLC, (2001-2003). Free Management Library. Retrieved October 21, 2005 from http://www.managementhelp.orgVIEW DOCUMENT
3606 words - 14 pages at the receipt-point duplication and understanding of that which emanated from the source-point.The process of transmitting and receiving messages. According to Roman Jakobson and others, an analysis of this process yields six factors: addresser, addressee, contact (or channel), context, code, and the message itself. Corresponding to these factors are six functions: emotive, conative, reference, metalinguistic (or metacommunicative), and aesthetic or poetic.So far we've been using the word communication as if we agreed on what it means. Yet the word has many definitions. In 1970, communication theorist Frank Dance counted more than 100 distinct definitions ofcommunicationVIEW DOCUMENT
505 words - 2 pages authentication, endpoint registration and so forth to the gateways, MCU devices and terminals.
H.323 Network Signaling functions is based on H.225.0 Call Signaling function to establish communication with the remote entity. The most common H.225.0 messages are –
• Call Setup
• Call Proceedings
• Release Complete
• Status inquiry
The most common H.225.0 Control Functions are –
• Master/Slave Determination (MSD) – It is used to determine which device is the master and which device is the slave, to prevent confliction between two terminals.
• Fast Connect – It is used to set up a bi-directional media flows for the device.
• Open Logical Channel (OLC) – It is used to open the logical channel for the codification and reception of data.
• Close Logical Channel (CLC) – It is used to close the logical information channel.
2376 words - 10 pages part...A large percentage (studies show over ninety percent) of the meaning we derive from communication, we derive from the non-verbal cues that the other person gives" (Wertheim). "Non-verbal communication has many functions in the communication process. It regulates relationships and may support or replace verbal communication" (Dunn). The reason actions have so much more impact in communication than verbal statements is because there are so many signals that can be sent in different ways in non-verbal communication.Non-verbal signals can play five roles when paired with verbal communication. Through repetition, they can repeat the message spoken. ForVIEW DOCUMENT