1633 words - 7 pages
Military Discipline is a state of order and obedience existing within a command. Self discipline in the military is where soldiers do the 4 rights without being told, even in the absence of the commander. Discipline is created within a unit by instilling a sense of confidence and responsibility in each individual. To strengthen discipline, senior leaders need to give praise to their subordinates, either individually or as a whole, for tasks done well. By doing this, it will accomplish every commanders goal of having a unit that functions well and builds a bond which binds together the team. Everything in life requires some sort of discipline. Whether it is hitting a baseball, learning...
1316 words - 5 pages
Hot Topic for Military Sexual Assault
The military is facing a major controversy when it comes to sexual harassment and sexual assault. Both sides of this controversy generally feel something needs to be changed so these crimes decrease and our soldiers feel safe among their comrades. The basic argument of this issues is how the government and military can change to decrease these crimes. This leads to the main question for this issue. Should Military Commanders prosecute sexual assault cases?
. A person cannot decide on an issue if they do not know what the controversy is even focusing on. The reason is the person does not have all the facts to make an educated option. As a result, when...
1612 words - 6 pages
America's society today is going through rough times; times where America is looking to its military protect and represent them. This military needs fight for every freedom the American people have, as well as to be its voice across seas to those it interacts with, to be its eyes seeing what the real situation is, to be its ears in hearing all that cannot be heard from the television sets of American homes, and to be its brain in understanding what is actually going on and why. However, this is not what is happening as this country is at war. The soldiers are fighting and protecting, but the people of America have different political and moral views than that of its protectors. These...
1740 words - 7 pages
There have been , since the time of the Enlightenment, two distinct models for disciplinary institutions. Both of these models may be seen in the form of prisons. The contemporary ideal of the institutions derives its form from Bentham's Panopticon. In the period shortly following the age of Enlightenment, Bentham, an economist by trade, began to critically evaluate the disciplinary institutions of the day. Seeing that the model of the prison could be characterized as a form of discipline-blockade, he set out to improve the functionality of the prison as well as other institutions. Being an economist, Bentham saw that these institutions were not functionally...
1206 words - 5 pages
The Mongolian leader of the 13th century. Genghis Khan, one of the famed leaders of the history of the world, led the Mongolian hordes. Genghis Khan’s military leadership resulted in making a great empire. But other nations viewed Genghis Khan and his army as a ruthless murderer, while the Mongolians considered Khan as a great military leader. While Genghis Khan was a military leader, he was also a leader of the people.
The Soldier’s Leader
Discipline and Training
The trainees of the army were trained with extensive planning and organizing. Khan wanted the trainees to be able to defend the tribe and conquer other tribes. But that training required discipline. Without...
2021 words - 8 pages
Very often political institutions reflect the will of society and set the precedent for norms that will be expected of its members. The United States Military is still enforcing archaic policies which threaten to harm the principles our nation was founded upon. The principles of freedom and equality are those that every American holds closest to their heart, that is unless you are in the military and are gay. The issue of gays in the military has developed into a case of whether our country should discriminate against a group merely because of involuntary sexual orientation. Two...
1238 words - 5 pages
Dating in the workplace has always been an issue when it comes the U.S. military. In fact certain relationships are against the UCMJ (Uniformed Code of Military Justice) and can be severely punished by military courts depending upon the amount of damage caused including discharge from the military.I can still remember having a crush on this lieutenant that was worked in another office at my first duty station. When I spoke to my supervisor about possibly asking her out it was explained to me that that type of relationship was inappropriate. In fact it was most frowned upon when a dating...
1998 words - 8 pages
Very often political institutions reflect the will of society and set the precedent for norms that will be expected of its members. The United States Military is still enforcing archaic policies which threaten to harm the principles our nation was founded upon. The principles of freedom and equality are those that every American hold closest to their hearts, which is unless you are in the military and are gay. The issue of gays in the military has developed into a case of whether our country should discriminate against a group merely because of involuntary sexual orientation. Two...
1274 words - 5 pages
One subculture within the United States is that of the US Army. The Army defends the nation against all enemies, foreign and domestic. It is an exclusive group since not everyone in the country serves in the Army.
The US Army’s official birthday is June 14, 1775, however its origins are much earlier than that. During British colonialism, citizens often had to take up arms to defend themselves, primarily against the Indians, since the British did not have a significant military presence in America. “Two concepts that still shape the American military can be traced to this period. The first is the idea of the citizen soldier, who picks up his gun in wartime and returns to civilian pursuits...
2155 words - 9 pages
What lies behind the strength of the Roman Imperial Army has sparked considerable debate throughout modern scholarship, with the dominant view concluding that Rome’s Imperial military power was heavily influenced by its organisation and discipline. However, Adrian Goldsworthy has emphasised that the military’s organisation should not be exaggerated, claiming that it was flexibility that was ultimately the key to its success. The strength of the Army can explicitly be seen in its ability to maintain control over the provinces. Yet in order to assess the reason behind its power, it is essential that the importance of the Army’s organisation, frontier system and strategy as well as its...
1596 words - 6 pages
The importance of being on time in the military (or anywhere at all), is simply a symptom of discipline, which was instilled in new enlisted soldiers during basic training. Being on time shows reliability. We have to show discipline, responsibility, show care through following military rules and regulations. Being on time not only pertains to accountability, but shows respect to our fellow soldiers, our unit, command and organization as a whole. Being on time also will avoid any disciplinary actions that may hinder you from reaching your goals. Being on time may have a greater importance and effect, than we may know. Being on time enables us to be able to trust and rely on each other in life...
1763 words - 7 pages
“The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or ruin.”
The modern world accepts laziness, disrespect, rebelliousness, and mediocrity. The days of hard work and discipline are long gone; replaced by decaying morals and nonexistent parenting. If this nationwide contagion continues to develop, the result will be a country unable to sustain, govern, or defend itself. The solution is evident: military service. Mandatory military service in the United States for individuals 18 years of age for a period of two years would have numerous benefits, as well as alleviate many problems facing America.
740 words - 3 pages
When we enlist in the U.S. Army, we do sign a contract, but that is just an enlistment contract stating our job, years serving, and any bonuses that we may qualify for. However, I would not consider that an employee agreement, but with the strict discipline and the training that we receive, I don't believe anyone doubts how we are supposed to behave. We have regulations that cover everything that there is to think of in the Army and exactly how it is supposed to be done. One thing that I believe is a big issue in the Military Services is the use of social security numbers as being our primary source of identification. Every piece of paper we sign, all official documents, and even our...
1135 words - 5 pages
From Army to College
As the bus entered the heavily guarded military instillation, I gazed upon the sign that read, "Be All that You Can Be." When the bus stopped, several angry Drill Instructors boarded and began introducing us to a very colorful vocabulary, usually reserved for drunken Sailors. They instructed us to gather our belongings, get off the bus and assemble in a circular formation. As I searched for the strength to get up, I found myself moving, while several Drill Instructors yelled at us for our clumsy attempt to dismount the bus and fall into formation. I wondered if I had made the right choice. However, I have come to realize that my military experiences have...
1731 words - 7 pages
US Armed Forces is historically an organization lead by men, for men. It is comprised of about 14.5 % female and 85.5% male according to a 2011poll (CNN U.S, Jan 2014). In an organization with a rich history and legacy of obedience and restraint, it is hard to imagine the secret society of “The good ol boys”. It has been acceptable for men to “work hard, play hard”. We have all seen the movies where the men come back from overseas, invade the bars, have a good time, take a girl home, and it is acceptable behavior. What happens after they leave the bar? What happens when she says no? In November of 2013, there were 3,553 reported sexual assault cases (ABC News, 2013).
1484 words - 6 pages
Respecting The RulesThe U.S. Army Forces are currently under the "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which governs the conduct of homosexual personnel. " The policy allows gay people to serve in the military if they keep their sexual orientation confidential; it also restricts the military's right to pursue information about a service member's sexual orientation"(Williams 106). In most of the armed forces the policy is only enforced half the time. Military officers refrain from asking about sexual orientations, but still some homosexual cadets involve themselves in homosexual affairs (The military's ban against homosexuals should remain 1). A heterosexual soldier told once of his...
754 words - 3 pages
Equal Protection is described as "the right of all persons to have the same access to the law and courts and to be treated equally by the law and courts, both in procedures and in the substance of the law". It is similar to the right to due process of law, but in particular applies to equal treatment as an aspect of fundamental fairness. The equal protection clause can be found in the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. It simply states that, "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States...nor deny to any...
3579 words - 14 pages
Full Range Leadership Model Vs. Models of Organizational Behavior: Cross comparison of military leadership models and civilian models of Organizational BehaviorXXXXXXX1MGT 6671Executive SummaryIn light of recent force management measures implemented by the Department of Defense, military personnel are being forced into an unfamiliar battleground, the civilian world. Military members have been accustomed to a specific lifestyle. Members endure vigorous physical training and extensive intellectual training. The U.S. Air Force form of intellectual training is called Professional Military Education or PME for short. The purpose of PME...
948 words - 4 pages
During the eighteenth century Europe increased its ability to win wars. Through advances in weaponry and fighting formations, they were able to dominant adversaries with an almost unfair edge. Technology and military strategy both played a significant part in placing European countries at the front of world powers, but it was the ability to integrate and leverage the governments’ economic resources, that separated them from most of the world, when it came to battlefield superiority.
A Well Oiled Machine
Europe’s economy saw a major boost in the eighteenth century, due to a focus on manufacturing of exportable goods. Mercantilism, a theory that encourages a society to export more than...
1616 words - 6 pages
When one joins the United States military, one becomes subject to a completely new justice system. While the primary purpose of the United States justice system is to dispense "justice," that is not the primary reason for the creation of a separate justice system for America's Armed Forces. The primary purpose of the military's system is to provide the military commander with necessary tools to enforce good order and discipline. That's why, for example, it's not considered a "crime" to be late for work at your civilian job, but it is a "crime" to be late for work in the Military. The purpose then is to keep soldiers acting as soldiers so the correctional philosophy in the military has...
1822 words - 7 pages
Peck's Theory of Love and Discipline As Applied to
Character Relationships in "The Dead Poets Society"
Life is difficult.
These are the words with which M. Scott Peck begins The Road Less Traveled. In his opinion, realizing that life is difficult is the first important step on the way to solving life's problems. The second, and perhaps most important, step to solving life's problems is realizing the need for discipline and understanding what discipline is. According to Peck (1978), "without discipline we can solve nothing. With total discipline we can solve all problems" (16-17). The relationships of various characters within the film "Dead Poets Society" shows that even...
924 words - 4 pages
Discuss the Roman Punic Wars, in terms of their circumstances and overall effect on Rome’s economic and social development Also discuss the ensuing “Gracchan turbulence” from the same perspective.
The circumstance for the Roman Punic Wars towards Rome was a simple human
reaction. If an outsider such as Italy, Carthage, or Greece make threats towards Rome,
Rome will simply fight. The Punic Wars lasted in 3 stages, all resulting to the obsessive
pride and higher standings of Rome. Rome’s initial desire of expansion was only for
farming land. Romans believed like anyone else that victory brought them honor as well
as a strong, political career. Rome strongly had their victory of...
1727 words - 7 pages
Military children are in a league of their own, and at very young ages are thrown into situations of great stress. Approximately 1.2 million children live in the U.S. Military families (Kelly. 2003) and at least 700,000 of them have had at least one parent deployed (Johnson et al. 2007). Every child handles a deployment differently, some may regress in potty training, and others may become extremely aggressive. Many different things can happen, in most cases when a parent deploys and the child becomes difficult to handle, it can cause a massive amount of stress on the parent that is not deployed as well as added stress on the parent who is deployed. There are three stages of a...
2265 words - 9 pages
When Love Hurts1When Love Hurts:A Look at Spousal Abuse in the MilitaryPsychology 101When Love Hurts2When Love Hurts:A Look at Spousal Abuse in the MilitaryDomestic violence is a serious problem in America. According to Roleff et al (2000), it is estimated that every fifteen seconds a person is abused by their spouse or live-in partner. Nearly half of the nation's couples, whether married or unmarried, have had some type of violent dispute.(p16) Domestic abuse can take many forms. It may be hitting, slapping, or shoving a person. It may...
1087 words - 4 pages
Excluding women from frontline combat is essentially sexist. Regardless of the many substantial contributions women have made to the United States military from the American Revolutionary war to the contemporary Iraq and Afghanistan wars, it has long been a sanctuary of masculinity, which consequently, has resulted in the organization’s steadfast resistance against women’s direct martial participation. The opponents of women frontline combat argue that females are unable to execute the required responsibilities of battle based on gender and gender role stereotypes. Such opinions are comprised of the assumption that women are physically and psychologically weaker than men are, require...
817 words - 3 pages
In the United State, we live in a country in which we have the right to choose and the freedom to have a choice. We the people have fought for our freedom and rights. Yes having policy will keep us in order but when it acts upon their freedom that's when they cross the line. In some countries every young person must serve two years of military service. The United State is planning on doing the same for us. Us, the people, wouldn't want that. Our parents wouldn't want that and the young wouldn't want that. Imagine if you were forced to serve the military for two years. Elbert Hubbard once said responsibility is the price of freedom. We should not live in a world in which we would have to...
786 words - 3 pages
During the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Trotsky significantly contributed to the successes of the Bolshevik Party in overthrowing the Provisional Government and paving the way for a Communist nation. In May of 1917, Trotsky returned from exile and joined the popular Bolshevik Party, playing a significant role in promoting the Party. In July, he was imprisoned following the premature attempt of a Bolshevik insurrection. It was here that...
1181 words - 5 pages
In Sparta, the economy meant two things : the system of wealth creation and the state of the countrys prosperity. The economy has four essential features, natural resources, economic objectives (military state), distribution of land and the roles of Perioikoi and Helots. These features are inter-related and work together in order to achieve the economic objective, which was to maintain a military dominance. This priority of maintaining a military state, and the ineffectiveness of some of these structures eventually led to the decline of the Spartan economy.The geography of Sparta enabled provision of sufficient...
1750 words - 7 pages
Sexual Tolerance of Gays in the Military
In 1999, more than 1,000 men and women were discharged from military service due to their sexuality. That number has actually decreased compared to recent years. (Suro NP) Homosexuals were purged from federal employment in 1950, with Bill Clinton updating that policy in 1993 by adding the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Don’t Pursue” policy. (Deicher 176) This policy doesn’t work and needs to either be updated again or the ban against homosexuals lifted. Gays should be allowed to fight for the military for employment reasons, the right to fight for one’s country, and because they are no different from anyone else. The fact of the matter is that not...
2447 words - 10 pages
The term corporal punishment is defined as the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain, but not injury, "for the purpose of correction or control of the child’s behavior" ("A Report" 18). In America, parents' use of corporal punishment in homes have been defined legally by the states as “encompassing ‘reasonable’ force with some states adding qualifiers that it must also be ‘appropriate’ (AL, AK, AZ, CA, CC), ‘moderate’ (AR, DE, SC, SD), or ‘necessary’ (MT, NH, NY, OR, TX, WI). Three states see the need to clarify that corporal punishment is limited to ‘nondeadly force’ (AK, NY, TX)” (Gershoff, "Corporal" 540). Currently, over 90% of US families report...
734 words - 3 pages
Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks Up to 1922
1.a) Trotsky’s contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to
1922 was mainly through the military; Trotsky was a close friend of
Lenin which helped Trotsky get the place at the head of the Military
Revolution committee of the Petrograd soviet. Under Trotsky’s
leadership, the military revolutionary committee was actually planning
to seize power of the government in 1917.
Trotsky was placed in a very powerful position in the Military and he
desperately wanted to take power of the government. Trotsky then
helped the Bolsheviks take power, and then an anti-communist group
610 words - 2 pages
Open sources have provided a useful stream of information for all source collection and analysis within the intelligence community. The use of open source information by the intelligence community is not a new phenomenon. During the technological boom of the 21st century open source has expanded well beyond its original capabilities. There is an important difference however between mere information and intelligence. Open source information is defined as “any and all information that can be derived from overt collection” (Lowenthal 2006, p. 273) comparatively open source intelligence (OSINT) is the transformation of legally available information using analytical exploitation (Gibson...
982 words - 4 pages
Ethics and ManagementIntroduction to ethicsThe United States public is increasingly concerned with ethics. A great number of professors are teaching courses in ethics and more students are studying ethics more than ever before. Incidents from Vietnam to Washington have reminded us that people in all walks of life are vulnerable to doing what is wrong. During the past decade, the Coast Guard Academy and other educational centers have shown increasing interest in the study of ethical principles. Most officer cadet schools require that all cadets to take professional ethics seminar prior to...
1759 words - 7 pages
The current technological advances that are apparent today are of paramount importance to the study of Systems Engineering. Systems engineering has redefined the traditional view of what makes up an entire unit of a machine. Its influence has also permeated into such areas as manufacturing processes and the management of people, tools and capital in the process of manufacturing. To understand the focal point or basic idea of this discipline, one should look at the definition of a “system”. A system is an entire unit that is made of parts or other systems, which work in concert to achieve a desired output. Systems that are units of an entire system are termed as sub-systems. One should not...
1977 words - 8 pages
The Roman Army
The Roman army is still admired today by historians and many others
alike. How far advanced technologically the Romans were over 2000
years ago still amazes many people today. They built roads that a
still used today, their baths are still admired with many still
standing and much of today's archaeology dates back to Roman and Greek
principals. The Roman army itself was the most feared army of that
period and it too is a cause of fascination. Thankfully, due to the
Romans writing a lot down, there are many sources (unlike in the "Dark
Ages" for example) available to study how the Roman army worked. In
this project, the aim is to find...
1320 words - 5 pages
Socialization Process of Civil War SoldiersBecoming a hardened combat veteran was not the ideal image that new recruits had in mind when they joined the military. It was a long, slow and painful process that the Civil War soldiers went through from the time they enlisted to the time they were hardened combat veterans.The journey that a new recruit takes is a long and transforming era of their life that can never be redone once that transformation has taken place. New recruits that joined for the Civil War had experienced a transformation in separation from the life of a civilian to the...
2021 words - 8 pages
Explain the importance of the role or religion in Spartan Society.
Religion in Sparta, like in many societies, had a purpose. Religion was important in Sparta to support the ideals of a militaristic utopian society which, after the Messenian wars, the governing forces were aiming to create. “Those who honour the gods most finely with choruses are best in war” [Socrates]. The Spartan ideal of an elite military state influenced the approach to religion and the ways in which religion would be moulded to suite state doctrine, therefore highlighting the importance of religion in upholding the values of Spartan society. Religion in Sparta was interpreted to uphold Spartan values some of which...
2159 words - 9 pages
Guantanamo Bay in Cuba houses some of the most dangerous people. The people being held have ranged in committing various crimes. What makes Guantanamo Bay well known is how the time period a detainee has spent in prison without a trial. While in prison for an extensive period of time, a detainee is bound to receive discipline for not following the guards. There are often a variety of different methods that the guards use to teach discipline to the detainees. All who follow Guantanamo Bay as institution often criticizes the measures taken. What makes Guantanamo Bay an ironic place to start this journey is because Guantanamo Bay is at the center of attention to a very important, controversial...
2159 words - 9 pages
Ordnance Specialist Ordnance is a military term used to define weapons and ammunition. Most armies, navies, and air forces have ordnance departments. It is the responsibility of the ordnance department to design, make, repair, and distribute weapons and ammunition. People involved in the design and manufacturing of ordnance are trained in the field of military engineering. Those who are charged with the repair and distribution of ordnance are called Ordnance Specialists. Military engineering has become an increasingly specialized science, resulting in engineering subdisciplines such as ordnance, which applies mechanical engineering to the development of guns. Those...
517 words - 2 pages
The Nature and Purpose of Spartan Education (for males)
Spartan education took a drastic turn many thousands of years ago. There once was a laid back lifestyle enjoying the arts but the objective of the state's system was changed dramatically and Sparta was then know as a military state. With the emergence of a military state came the new system of education. The importance for the arts and literature was no longer the emphasis but instead the training and disciplining of the population of males to produce well drilled, self disciplined and strong men that were to be members of the army until their old of age of 60.
The process of turning a young boy into a soldier started...
974 words - 4 pages
REPORT 1. Title: Making the Marine Corps 2. Cpl Solomon T. Patrick Ground Electronics Mobile Division 3. Author: Thomas E. Ricks 4. Publisher: Scriber 5. Published: 1997 6. Number of Pages: 309 7. Cost: $24.00 8. My opinion of this book is that every Marine should read it. It must be read more than once to appreciate it. What the book is saying. I do not agree with the author on most of his points and believe the average civilian, who has no experience with military, will have a false picture of the Marine Corps. I think this book should be added to the U.S. Marine Reading List for all ranks.9. INTRODUCTION: My...
999 words - 4 pages
The Hitler Youth was a coherent expansion of Hitler's belief that the future of Nazi Germany was its youth. The Hitler Youth or Hitler-Jugend (HJ) in Germany, was originally founded in 1926 as a male youth movement of the NSDAP, but eventuated into a mandatory society for all Aryan Germans with a parallel girl's organisation the Deutscher Maadek (BMD). The HJ encouraged national pride, but most importantly militarism and reverence to the Fuhrer, demonstrated through its organisation, leadership, principles and role within Nazi Germany.The Hitler Youth was organised by Adolf Hitler in 1933 for educating and...
1590 words - 6 pages
To be perfectly honest, when I found out we would be working on a research paper I was a bit nervous because I know I procrastinate. I tend to leave things for the last minute which just adds unnecessary stress. I had an idea of what I wanted my future career to be but was still not 100% sure at the time. It was not until I did more research that I decided law enforcement was the career path for me. I feel as though that’s what my destiny is, what I was meant to do. I cannot imagine myself doing anything else, except for the military which also ties into law enforcement (MP-military police). Recently I was looking through some of my old yearbooks. I came across a page in my...
1825 words - 7 pages
History remembers the legendary Roman legions as the one of the most deadly and respected fighting forces in the ancient world. Even today, stories of their great success and invincibility in the face of their enemies echo on. One can only wonder what the key to their extraordinary success was. How were the Romans able to conquer such a vast empire that spanned over three continents at its height and maintain that power for centuries? That key to Rome’s military success during the Pax Romana period (where the Roman Empire rose to its zenith) was the advanced military innovations that the Romans incorporated into its great army that encompassed military bureaucracy, battle tactics and...
1999 words - 8 pages
Explain the importance of the role or religion in Spartan Society.Religion in Sparta, like in many societies, had a purpose to support the ideals of a militaristic society The Spartan ideal of an elite military state influenced the approach to religion and the ways in which religion would be moulded to suite state doctrine, therefore highlighting the importance of religion in upholding the values of Spartan society such as endurance, loyalty, obedience, conformity, and skill. Religion was also use to create social coherence, important in promoting conformity and in controlling the society under the ideals of the military state. At an individual level religion...
542 words - 2 pages
The Righteous and Harmonious Fists where in the right? I can't believe in the fact that the foreign invaders caused the revolt. Once Japan defeated China in 1895, European powers responded with an order they referred to as, carving up the Chinese melon. Following the division of Africa among European powers, turned their sights to what they saw as a predominantly weak Chinese government. European countries and America began to scramble for what was referred to as spheres of interest. These spheres of interest had...
994 words - 4 pages
Every man in Germany has to join the military service for eighteen months or serve analternative social service. However, an examination is given to those men who intend torender the alternative service that lasts 22 months. Less than thirty percent of all thosewho take the exam pass the very demanding test. The conscientious objectors have toprove that their moral beliefs don't allow them to use a weapon. Discouraged by the highfailing rate and the necessary,...
806 words - 3 pages
The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte The rise of Napoleon, second lieutenant artillery officer to emperor of france did not happen over night, but it did happen in a relatively short period of time. A time when all of the factors necessary for him to rise to power were in place. Napoleon's reign began after many years of revolution, when the French people were exhausted and in need of a strong leader and an organized government. But why was Napoleon so successful in achieving all of these goals? It goes back as far as his childhood in Corsica, where...
1558 words - 6 pages
When assessing the importance of the Viet Cong (VC) in the Communist victory, one cannot look past the unity, discipline and effective organisation in the vanguard of the VC forces. The Viet Cong were made up of volunteer servicemen who traveled to South Vietnam as Autumn Cadres - ready to exploit the coming political harvest. The central purpose of the Viet Cong campaigns was to polarise the population, to divide it irrevocably from the GVN, and to mobilise it for service and sacrifice in support of the Revolution. The importance of the Viet Cong lies in their contribution to the Indochina conflict,...
1776 words - 7 pages
Abstract: Across the United States for the past half a century, the Department of Defense and the U.S. Army have been releasing biological agents over the very population they are supposed to protect. Although few Americans know it, open-air biological testing of stimulants such as aspergillus fumigatus, zinc cadmium sulfide, bacillus subtilis, and serratia marcescens has been taking place over populated areas since at least 1949. Between 1949 and 1969, the military admits to having conducted 239 open-air tests over populated areas in the United States. Testing has taken place in the San Francisco Bay area, New York City, and Washington, D.C., as well as in areas such as Hampton...