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Nature vs Nurture
For the past five weeks we have studied three different but influential people in our perspective on human nature class. They are Freud, Plato and Tzu. The main discussion between all of them is nature versus nurture. I will discuss the difference between nature and nurture and then I’ll apply to each of these philosophers and how they react to it.
When looked up in the dictionary the term nature means the universe and its phenomena or one’s own character and temperament. When discussed with these philosophers it is meant as one’s own character revolved around the universe for which they live in, basically they’re surroundings. At the same time when I
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Nature vs. Nurture
There is an issue that has been conferred upon by philosophers in the past and still so by scientists today. This issue is whether heredity or environment plays a greater role in the determining or shaping of an individual's behavior. It is known as the nature versus nurture debate.
Numerous generations before us have deliberated on the reasons behind the development of human behavior. There have been many theories formulated to explain why humans behave the way they do. The surviving theories for behavior derive from physiological and sociological explanations. However, the two explanations have not always been compatible with each other. The famous nature vs. nurture
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child develops in the context of family, friends, community, society and public policies.ReferencesCherry, K. (2014). Nature vs Nurture: Do Genes Or Environment Matter More? Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/nindex/g/nature-nurture.htmDodge, K. A. (2009, December). The Nature-Nurture Debate and Public Policy. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2790282/FERRY, V. P. (2012). Are You Born Funny?? - SiOWfa12: Science in Our World: Certainty and Controversy. Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/afr3/blogs/siowfa12/2012/10/are-you-born-funny.htmlGladwell, M. (2014). Quotes About Nature Vs Nurture (9 quotes). Retrieved from http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag
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Nature vs Nurture
The issues pitting nature against nurture are exceptionally significant for the gamut of discoveries that attribute an increasing proportion of traits and behaviours to one's genetic makeup. The resulting variety of physical shortcomings and limitations in each person has, for centuries, been countered by endeavours to improve or interfere where necessary, and every individual is consequently the product of a delicate middle path of balance between the two.
The importance of nurturing is nearly boundless, and there is no better evidence than the oft-cited case of identical twins who, despite identical nuclear genomes and mitochondrial DNA, will duly differ in
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One of the oldest controversy in psychology is nature vs. nurture. The whole debate boils down to genetic inheritance or environmental factors when it comes to human development. Philosopher Plato believed that certain behaviors are inborn or in others words occur naturally regardless of environmental factors. Then there are other philosopher such as John Locke who believe that the mind begins as a blank slate. So everything we come in contact with helps shape who we are. As for today, most expects now believe that behavior and personality are influenced by both nature and nurture. Some examples of gene inheritance are the color of your eyes, straight or curly hair, the pigment in your
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When it comes to the debate of Nature vs. Nurture I consider myself to be the middle man. I feel that our behavior, physical development and our identity is not only the result of our genealogical makeup but our interactions, and decisions that we encounter on a daily basis as well as our family structure. First I would like to give a brief summary of the two topics.
The nature side of the debate expresses that our decisions and end results are stemmed from only our genealogical make up such as, hair color and even diseases. Nurture on the other hand is the actualization that our actions and decisions are brought upon us not by our DNA makeup but actually from the environment around us
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There is a gift, something inborn, that separates those with simply just skill and those with exceptional talent. One of the popular debates concerning "nature vs. nurture" is that of which whether or not people are born with natural artistic talent or is it something that has to be developed. This paper will prove that exceptional talent that stands out from all others is that of which one is born with.
Nature vs. nurture has been discussed by philosophers in the past and by scientists most recently. Philosophers such as Plato argued that all knowledge was inherited through your parent and when you were told something you didnt learn it you were just reminded of it. Aristotle however
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Nature vs. Nurture
Throughout the history of human existence, there have always been questions that have plagued man for centuries. Some of these questions are “what is the meaning of life” and “which came first, the chicken or the egg”. Within the past 400 years a new question has surfaced which takes our minds to much further levels. The question asked is whether nature or nurture has more of an impact on the growing development of people. It is a fact that a combination of nature and nurture play important roles in how humans behave socially. However, I believe that nature has a more domineering role in the development of how people behave in society with regards to sexual
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Over recent years the nature vs. nurture debate has been extensively discussed and researched. Should human characteristics such as intelligence, personality, behavior and ability be attributed to our genetics or our environment? One problem with this is how to pin a trait down to either an inherited or learned characteristic, or perhaps its both.
Are we to blame for our behavior or is inevitable due to our genetics? This question and others seems to be part of the controversy over the subject. Also, these questions play a factor in how to change and adapt behavior. Different techniques would be more effective depending on the cause of a particular behavior or characteristic.
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Nature vs. Nurture
When we look at the world around us today, we are struck by the amazing diversity that we see in people. There is a vast diversity in the characteristics of people that are immediately obvious: short, tall; fat, thin; Asian, Caucasian; and many other characteristics. Each person as an individual is unique, be it in physical outlook or character. How is it that of the 6 billion people on Earth, there are no 2 individuals who are exactly alike? Every persons physical and psychological characteristics are determined by many factors, and these can be divided into 2 main groups: our genes and our environment, or nature and nurture.
What are our genes? Genes are the
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Morals: Nature vs. Nurture
In psychology the story of Heinz has been widely known. A European man whose wife was sick with cancer, Heinz needed to purchase a drug that would help his wife. however, the drug cost $2000. Determined to help his wife, Heinz did all he could to raise as much money as possible but could only come up with half. With no other options left, Heinz broke into the druggist’s office to steal the medicine for his wife. This story leads perfectly into the debate on nature versus nurture as it pertains to morality. Was Heinz justified in what he did because of the situation he was in, or were bad morals instilled within him from the very beginning? In other words, is
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Nature vs Nurture
Most of us have an intuition that, although our genes provide advantages and constraints, we retain great control over our lives. However, we are developing a second, competing intuition that, like it or not, our genes determine our abilities, our preferences, and our emotions. We would like to think we are much more than the sum of our genes, but scientists have apparently demonstrated that our genes determine some of our most complex behavioral and cognitive characteristics.
The focus on genes as the primary mode of biological explanation has been especially clear in the marketing of the Human Genome Project. In support of this project, Robert L. Sinsheimer
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set seven world records at the same time. These three men are the epitome of great athletes and it is easy to wonder how these men came to be so successful in their respective sports. Some may argue that the amount of training and hard work they put in made them some of the greatest athletes ever. Others contend that their genetic makeup is responsible for their ability. The old argument of nature vs. nurture is prevalent in this situation because athletics are clearly a mixture of both components. The feats these men accomplished were only possible because of a combination of their training and natural genetic makeup. However, while both nature and nurture are an important aspect of
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Nature vs. Nurture
The human brain is not an empty vessel — right from the start it is packed with knowledge, some of which is built into every structure. A newborn baby just knows, for instance, that crying will bring other members of the species to its aid — it doesn't learn it or work it out.
(Carter, R. Consciousness, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, p. 143)
When Darwin's Theory of Evolution was published (See Darwin, C. (1859) On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Murray), proposing that simpler structures evolve into more complex organisms, the old certainties were threatened because the adaptations of creatures to their surroundings no longer needed to be
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The Nature vs Nurture Theory is one the most controversial debate topics in Psychology. This debate has been going on for years now. The Nature argument is supported by genetics and what is hereditary to a person. Psychologists who support the “nature” theory concentrate on what an individual is born with. For example, they focus on genes, DNA, personality traits and other qualities they just can’t change about themselves. Researches focusing on the results of neurotransmitters of an addict are usually conducted to further support this point. On the other hand, the Nurture argument is supported by events that have influenced a person's decision and way of living. Psychologists who support
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The Nature vs. Nurture Debate
No change in circumstances can repair a defect of character.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
One of the great controversial debates in Psychology is determining if characteristics and behavior are primarily due to genetics or the environment. We can now readily accept that genes determine our eye color, height, blood type, and other biological factors. Do these same genes that determine anatomy also determine our tendency towards traits such as violence, homosexuality or alcoholism? Some Psychologists, such as Freud, will argue that the home environment is primarily responsible for molding personality, while others cry genotype. There have been countless
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is that they are driven to this behavior--and to being gay as an adult--by some innate trait.Our world is clearly changing for the better in that it is becoming more tolerant and less hateful towards gay people. However, being a gay individual is still hard; it is still a tough road to take. One would think that one would not intentionally chose a life-style--a gay lifestyle--which provokes so much discrimination, violence, and hatred from other people. Why would anyone chose this road? They wouldn't; homosexuality is a product of nature. Gays have a predisposition towards homosexuality; they did not choose this route, nor is it a product of their childhood experiences. These case studies and observations, along with the scientific evidence you will soon hear, should leave no doubt in your mind: in the nature vs. nurture debate, nature is the clear winner.
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Serial Killers: Nature vs. Nurture
The question of whether or not man is predetermined at birth to lead a life of crime is a question that has been debated for decades. Are serial killers born with the lust for murder, or are their desires developed through years of abuse and torment? Many believe it is impossible for an innocent child to be born with the capability to commit a horrible act such as murder. But at the same time, how could we have corrupted society so much as to turn an innocent child into a homicidal maniac? Forensic psychologists have picked apart the minds of serial killers to find an answer as to what forces them to commit such perverse acts. Their ultimate goal
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Nature vs Nurture
The exponential growth of scientific and biological knowledge over time has facilitated the genesis of radical fields of specialization, namely biological determinism, sociobiology and eugenics, just to mention a few. The common thread between these fields is this- their proponents collectively postulate that all human traits, including weight, strength, intelligence, aspects of personality such as temperament (aggression for example), criminality and morality, are ultimately determined by the information encoded in DNA. They espouse that "we are who we are" because of our genes solely; that biodiversity in man is ultimately precipitated by phenotypic variations, caused
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The argument of nature vs. nurture is a long-standing one in the psychological and social worlds. It is the argument about whether we are ruled by our genes or our upbringing. It is my thought that neither is true. It is nature working with nurture which determines our personality and our lifestyle.
The Nature Argument
The proponents of the nature side of the nature vs. nurture argument hold the position that we are who we are because of our genetic code. They think that they have isolated genes that determine whether someone is predisposed to alcoholism, smoking, and mental as well as physical illness. In April of 2006, Susan Bergeson and a team of scientists at the University of
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A debate between psychologist, scientists and philosopher thinkers on the spectrum of ‘nature vs. nurture’ arose concerning human development. In the nature versus nurture debate, the term "nature" refers to the genes we inherit while the term "nurture" refers to our outside environment (Nature vs. Nurture: Twin and Adoption Studies). This debate of ‘nature vs. nurture’ has existed for centuries and up to now it is still a topic of major discussion although at present time. Human development is the scientific study of age-related changes in behavior, thinking, emotions and personality (Boyd & Bee, 2005). In order to understand cognitive, emotional, physical, social and
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In trying to understand human behavior, professionals for centuries have looked at the nature vs. nurture theory. While it is known that the physical traits such of eye or hair color have to do with nature, some strongly believe that genes play a part in the way we behave such as in personality and intelligence and others believe that we behave a certain way solely due to our environment. Professor Jerome Kagan, from Harvard opened up a brand new world and offers a deeper understanding for the way we behave. He pointed out that two-year old Marjorie unlike other children her age started out shy, a tendency he believed she inherited and while it is true that Marjorie cannot change that
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, 2011). The nurture side of the argument refers to a child’s upbringing. This includes where and how the child was raised and in what circumstances (Powell, 2010). A child’s environment can determine if he or she grows into a well behaved young person, or one with personality issues (Onkal, 2005). Nurture also refers to a child’s life experiences. These experiences shape and define the way a child thinks and acts (Onkal, 2005). Research has been conducted for both sides of the Nature vs. Nurture debate and, while no solid conclusion has come to the argument, research tends to favor the environment’s influence on personality.
The first side of the nature versus nurture debate is the nature
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The Role of Nature vs Nurture
"We used to think our fate was in our stars. Now, we know, in large part, that our fate is in our genes." ---James Watson
While social research has been steady and ongoing, our biological knowledge has advanced disproportionately in recent times. As we discover more about the role of genes in pre-determining who we are, the nature versus nurture debate seems headed for a tilt of the biological over the environmental.
Nature, or our biological aspect, does matter a lot. From the point of fertilization, genes guide the growth of cells, the embryo and eventually the fetus. The physical configuration of the newborn, from the positioning of the limbs
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human beings and the affecting environment, I am compelled to ask the following questions:
1. What is the history of Nature vs. Nurture?
2. What are the most essential characteristics of this issue?
3. What does the Bible say about Nature vs. Nurture?
This review of the literature on Nature vs. Nurture focuses on these three questions.
What is the history of Nature vs. Nurture?
As I mentioned in my opening, government leaders and scientists have been conducting experiments through the centuries trying to determine why people turn out the way they do. We learned in school how Hitler conducted experiments on the Jews throughout the war in an attempt to create the ultimate “super race
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The nature- nurture debate has many different case studies, which often questions environmental and hereditary aspects of the nature- nurture debate. A tangent which is focused on in this essay is how the case studies of schizophrenia and IQ, specifically affect twin and adoption studies. This essay will firstly, give a brief outline of the nature-nurture debate and the definitions of twin and adoption studies. Secondly, it will illustrate two main case studies, which are IQ and Schizophrenia studies. Thirdly, will contrast and compare the two and research’s impact on the case studies in regards to nature vs. nurture and finally, will conclude with the impact of the nature-nurture debate
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love.Though the case with David Reimer shows that you can't change the biological sex of a child, a child could pick up some characteristics of the opposite sex. For example, if a girl, with multiple brothers, is raised by her father with no mother figure around, things such as football and fighting would be of more interest to her, and she would be considered a 'tomboy'. She would want to be one of the guys.Men and women are different in many more ways than the obvious physical ones. I believe that the differences are both nature and nurture, and that you can't have one without the other. However, I do believe that a majority of the difference depends on nurture, due to the fact that society today has set so many standards as how men and women should act."ED and Intimacy"http://www.allabouted.com/english/relationships/intimacy.html"Boys Will Be Boys: Nature vs. Nurture". Ninemsn, 60 minutes. Copyright 1997-2003http://sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com.au/60/stories/2000_05_07/story_158.asp
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San Francisco Stories
13 February 2014
Nature vs Nurture
The idea of nature vs nurture when it comes to gender identity is a controversial and highly debated topic. However I feel that one side is supported by science and research, while the other is supported by unproven theories. We are all born with unique DNA, and this DNA is what makes us, us. While our society or environment can influence our views or thoughts, it cannot change our DNA; it cannot change us enough to make us question or physiological makeup.
Our gender identity comes from the our DNA; the nature side of this argument. However that is not to say that the environment we grow up in can’t
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The idea of nature vs. nurture comes into play in the novel. The monster’s environment nurtured him into a malicious being from an originally good one. According to the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, “Nature, which may be defined in terms of inheritance, biological background, and genetic makeup, must be taken into account, along with nurture, which may be defined in terms of experience and learning.” The debate is whether a persons innate qualities or their personal experiences make up individual differences. We are aware that physical characteristics are genetic, but many physiologists differ on the idea if who we are is entirely hereditary. There is a term
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The debate between nature vs. nurture in regards to crime and delinquency is a long and heated one. Are some people really born criminals, or is our society and the environment and experiences children are brought up in the reason they become delinquent? Throughout this essay I am going to look at both sides of the argument, and offer an insight into the theoretical and sociological approaches surrounding this nature vs. nurture debate.
The first step in looking at the nature side of the debate would be to look at the actual genetics of criminals. This is an area that has been, and still is, widely researched, often coming up with varied results. Here I’ll look at the actual biology of
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Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a comparison of Nature vs. Nurture. Some critics argue that the Being is a monster from birth, while others claim that it cannot be limited to such a narrow category. The argument lies in the education of the Being. He is not a born killer, but is created by the rejection of society. The Being is born an innocent creature with ability to appreciate the sublime, but after learning about human emotions, he is transformed into a monster through the emotional rejection he receives from a human family.
The Being is ignorant about the world around him for the first half of his life. He does not harm or attack another human being. He moves and reacts in similar
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of the Orkney brothers. Because Agravaine was not taught right from wrong, it did not seem bad, or good, that he aggressively kills an innocent unicorn. In his article “Nature vs. Nurture Revisited,” Kevin Davies, author of Cracking the Genome: Inside the Race to Unlock Human DNA, revisits the debate between nature and nurture. Davies points out that “even the most diehard geneticists acknowledge that the environment plays a major role in shaping our behavior, temperament, and intelligence” (Davies 8). A child that did not grow up in an educational environment will not have the IQ of a child that was taught to read at the age of 3. A boy who is not taught to control his violent emotions
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addressing this topic.
In Bryner Jeanna (2006) in her book, “Nature vs. Nurture: Mysteries of Individuality Unraveled” a publication by Live Science, critical questions arise to challenge if some occurrences are based on genetic inheritance or as a result of mere coincidence. Things like talent, intelligence and personality come to the forefront of their discussion as to weather they are inherited or acquired through environmental exposure and experience (Bryner). In her view, these questions have posed many challenges to philosophy, psychology and genetics.
In an effort to ascertain their claims, twin studies were used. The purpose of the study was to determine whether genes play a
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born into the cultures of countries like Iraq are not born with a different gene than men in America that makes them dominate over women. The males in Pakistan are taught by their elders and see through their experiences that women are inferior to them.
Nature versus nurture is an idea that is greatly argued. If a child were afraid of an animal, would it be because somewhere in his genetic makeup he should naturally be afraid? Or, is it from learning from his peers to be afraid? Nature vs. nurture is a theory among others today, and among the controversy shows some truth.
bibliography: http://google.com-Marie Baxter
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When we think of genes and inherited traits we often think about the physical traits we inherit from our parents and ancestors. In every other facet of our lives we are taught to look beyond the physical and look at people for "who they are". Our personality, the way we act, react, and interact in situations and with other people, makes us who we are more than any physical attribute. Can personality traits be inherited similarly to physical traits, or are they based solely on how we are raised, and in the experiences we go through? The role of genetics in personality is at the center of the timeless nature vs. nurture debate. When it comes to personality the question is, have our genes
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The nature vs. nurture controversy has been one of the oldest and most incessant debates throughout history. The disputation of this debate has generated numerous hypotheses, and explorations by various researchers, however, it has not been clearly determined as to whether a person is biologically determined or whether they are shaped by the environment. Nature’s theory holds that a person’s mental ability is sustained by what he or she is born with genetically. Conversely, the argument that a person’s environment plays a large role in his or her mental aptitude is nurture. Despite the numerous and overwhelming experiments that have been fulfilled by theorists who support the nature theory
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accused. We as readers know that she is not an evil being and this proves Shelley's point that not everyone is born evil and that through the right kind of nurture evil does not have to be present in ones life.The book of Genesis argues that everyone is bound to be evil from youth, but Mary Shelley argues the idea that not everyone is inherently evil with the story of Frankenstein. Through the lives of Victor, The Creation and Justine Moritz it is explicitly shown that evil comes from life experiences rather then naturally. Mary Shelley creates this theme of nature vs. nurture in order to show that being an evil person is not mandatory and we can escape evil by surrounding ourselves with good people and circumstances.
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Psychologists often battle on the idea of 'Nature vs. Nurture', or the idea that people's character are decided by either genetic inheritance or their surroundings. In Cry, the Beloved Country, two brothers, John and Stephen Kumalo, are shown to have distinctly different values, although they are of the same family. Alan Paton, through his juxtaposition of John Kumalo and Stephen Kumalo, provides a correlation between a person's environment and a person's character.
John Kumalo, a shopkeeper and politician, shares few characteristics in common with his brother Stephen Kumalo. John Kumalo is an inhabitant of Johannesburg and is a man accustomed to city-life. Here in Johannesburg, the
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The Nature vs. Nurture Debate in Learning More about Alcoholism
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism can affect anyone. It has enormous costs as it pertains to societies, families, and individuals. It is not prejudicial towards any race, color, sex, religion, or economic level. Although we do have ideas as to what alcoholism is, what we do not know is the exact cause(s) of this problem. Researchers are continually seeking answers to the long-standing nature versus nurture debate. Different views are split between a biological paradigm and a physchological paradigm. No one explanation seems to be better than another is. I will present views of the effects alcoholism has on society and an
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Nature Vs. NurtureIn the Nature vs. Nurture debate I gravitate strongly towards Nurture, because for one you learn traits from friends, skills from your family members and you grow based on how you eat so your size is not predetermined. How would you feel if you were already predetermined to fail in life? That would suck pretty bad, but that pretty much what the Nature theory is proving. Nature pretty much says your genes will tell your body and mind what to do. The Nurture theory though says that you can choose to do what you want and what you will be good at.Everyone has had a friend that they have been influenced by in one way or another, some are in good and some not so good. When
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Over the years, there has been a debate whether homosexuality is due to nature or nurture. In other words, are you born gay, or do you become gay? Scientists look into its background and origins of homosexuality. Some believe it is developmental or some have even tried to diagnose a disorder back originally. There are many valid points to either side that can be discussed and much information to be researched about this topic. On one hand, people may say that you are born gay due to your genetic makeup because they always seem to know that they have been gay; on the other hand some people may argue that your surroundings sway you to become gay because some people may not come out until
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Sexual orientation is something that people hear about daily in the news, media, and daily lives of others, especially when it comes to the field of psychology and the nature versus nurture debate. For being as commonly debated and discussed as it is, there are many questions that come along with it: what is sexual orientation, how do people know their sexual orientation, what causes homosexuality, is it normal, is it possible to change, and can wanting LGBT, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, youth to change lead to suicide?
The question of what sexual orientation actually is and how to define it is a very common question within itself. Sexual orientation
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The argument over the relative importance of nature (genetics) and nurture (environment) in determining human traits has long and fruitless. Many scholars have participated in it over centuries, including such unprecedented philosophers as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. The problem is that most of the debate has continued either with a simply divisive view of the question, or with a lack of related empirical evidence. The controversy has in fact largely been solved when it comes to plants and non-human animals. Unfortunately, most philosophers are not aware of such progress, which has taken place within the mysterious discipline of evolutionary ecology (Hellman, 1998). On
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Shelley's Frankenstein is a story composed of two essential themes marked by theories of John Jacques Rousseau: Faustian Behavior and 19th century parenting. In accordance, this novel's focus is on the outcome of one man's motives and desires to dabble with nature, which results in the creation of a new, somewhat unearthly creation. Victor Frankenstein was not doomed to failure from his initial desire to overstep the natural bounds of human knowledge. Rather, it was his poor "parenting" of his offspring that lead to his creation's thirst for the vindication of his unjust life. His failures, in the creation of his "child", are specifically the creature's new found monster-like persona and
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The causes of a criminal Mind
Nature versus Nurture
In today’s society, one will find that there are many different factors that go into the development of a criminal mind, and it is impossible to single out one particular cause of criminal behavior. Criminal behavior often stems from both biological and environmental factors. In many cases criminals share similar physical traits which the general population do not usually have. For example criminals have smaller brains than properly adjusted individuals. However biological reasons cannot solely be the cause of criminal behavior. Therefore, one must look to other sources as to how a criminal mind is developed. Social
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The controversy of heredity versus environment is still hotly debated. There are advocates of both sides and then there are those who state that there is a combination of the two. People who claim that who we are comes from heredity believe that everything is inherited from our parents and that we progress independently of our environment. The other side, the proponents of the environment, believe that we are the products of our nurture. They claim that we are all born with a clean slate and that we are all equal. I believe that there is some mixture of the two. Some characteristics come from our nature aspect and some from our nurture.
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information fueling the scientific debate of nature verses nurture. Nature refers to traits genetic or inherited from parents and nurture refers to all traits non-genetic or stemming from the environment. The answers received from this debate help to define human differences. Understanding these differences can eventually prevent and help in the early treatment of disease. It may even be able to predict diseases in unborn children that would not show signs or symptoms for decades. Scientists cite these and other interesting reasons as impetus for studying twins. However, the majority of twin studies serve to determine whether genetics or environment decide human traits.
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indeficiencies started Adi along the path of eventual disaster. Adi arouse from his troubled childhood to be known to the rest of the world as Adolf Hitler (Adolf Hitler). This is a classic example of nurture being the overwhelming factor in the progression of human characteristics. Another example of this can be seen in the theme of nurture over nature in Mary Shelly's Frankenstein. In this story the monster is abandoned by his creator and eventually becomes a murderer because he did not receive a proper upbringing. The father figure, Victor Frankenstein, did not embrace his creation and chose instead to neglect nurture which turned the monster into a murderer.
The nature verses nurture debate has
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The nature-nurture controversy has been a long-standing debate among many philosophers, psychologists, and educators since the year 1800. (111) Nature and nurture both play important roles in why we are the way we are, but nurture which has ability to change and shape us into the adults we will grow up to be. I believe that nature is our foundation of who we are but it is the experiences that we go through in life that make us who we are. Experiences have the ability to change people. Genetics can also play an important role in who you are. Some people are born outgoing and aggressive but keep in mind that one experience could change that. Say someone who was very outgoing went through a
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context can impact their inherent characteristics.
A revealing study designed to investigate whether nature or nurture is more important in determining a person's career choice, would involve the use of a random sample (assignment of subjects by chance) of identical twins, now adults, who had been separated at birth, and reared in different environments. This study would be at the descriptive level, that is, through systematic observation, in the form of a survey. In this survey, the twins would be mailed biographical questionnaires that would concentrate on career choices, interests, and social and family histories, including details on their non-biological siblings. The questionnaire would