926 words - 4 pagesDiscuss the importance of PLA as a politicalinstitution in China since 1978 (25m)The PLA arguably plays an importance role in defining China, being one of the three political institutions that rule China- namely the PLA, Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Chinese state. This tripartite relationship surely means that no sector is redundant and every institution has its own roles and has a certain significant value. In this question, we will address if the PLA is of great significance to China- which I believe is true to a certain extentVIEW DOCUMENT
729 words - 3 pages recruits followers from police agencies, political figures and society to reach their goal. Organized crime groups have created rules to protect their organizations and the way they function in order to be seen like an authentic organization. In order to accomplish the goal of acceptance from the community, organized crime helps their community with providing some of the services needed. By doing this, organized crime will continue to co-exist and grow within the community as a social institution (Wilson, 2012).Reference PageInstitution. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.sociologyguide.com/basic-concepts/Social-Institutions.phpWilson, M.D. (2012). Organized Crime. Retrieved from http://www.sciences360.com/index.php/organized-crime-3392/VIEW DOCUMENT
3608 words - 14 pagespolitical stability and the ability of new states to effectively govern citizens through a legitimate politicalinstitution. The fundamental challenges that new states face are extensive social change accompanied by rapid modernization; especially when insufficient concern is given for establishing firm political institutions.The post-colonial states of Asia, Africa, and Latin America are generally complex, heterogeneous societies and therefore rely heavily on a functional politicalinstitution. In the preliminary stages of nation-building, social forces play a pivotal role. Social forces include ethnic, religious, economic, and regional groups. Ideally Huntington's politicalinstitutionVIEW DOCUMENT
7885 words - 32 pages the pre-merger institutions and the merged institution are properly undertaken and documented.10. Marketing and selling any product abroad can be fraught with problems such as:Political problems, host nation governments may not take kindly to their engineers being associated with a foreign institution and may attempt to block the institutions move into their county. The overall trend though is to more openness as old ideological barriers have crumbled, nevertheless every target country needs thorough and specialised scrutiny and revue to ensure that profits made can be repatriated and future development will not be checked. Local legislation, taxes and tariffs will also haveVIEW DOCUMENT
991 words - 4 pages Slavery was like an addiction that the south could not break. Although it provided economic benefits to both the north and the south, the addiction or “curse” bound the people to the downfalls of slavery as well. Slavery created an oligarchy of which a small aristocracy of slave-owners would dominate political, economic, and social affairs of both blacks and whites. The institutions negative impact on the South, and even the entire nation would eventually lead to a great tragedy: the civil war.
Although the institution of slavery oppressed enslaved individuals, the effects were felt beyond the large slave population. Often, “the whites of the [southern] region were also touched by anVIEW DOCUMENT
739 words - 3 pagesIn the South during the antebellum period, slave holders in the south defended the institution of slavery using social/political, religious/ideological, economic, and even scientific evidence to defend slavery, nearer to the end of slavery they were more fervent in their defense of slavery because as they years went on the abolitionists of the north were more fervent in abolishing slavery. Earlier, closer to that start of the antebellum period, they simply claimed that slavery was a political evil not a crime, and thus should not need to end. Slavery was a profitable business and it was around for a long time so southerners did not want to do away with it. Latter on during the antebellumVIEW DOCUMENT
1162 words - 5 pages State’s economy. Correspondingly, the states of Illinois, Indiana, New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, all having territory both north and south of the parallel 40° north, would similarly be afforded the opportunity to reconsider whether its objections to the peculiar institution are truly worth dismissing the overwhelming benefits of having such an economic resource within the state. Popular sovereignty, rather than the political elite, will determine the best course for these individual states. Within unincorporated territories, the right to engage in the peculiar institution shall be retained by citizens residing below the parallel 40° north and be protected by these citizens FifthVIEW DOCUMENT
973 words - 4 pages, “Mistress, in teaching me the alphabet, had given me the inch, and no precaution could prevent me from taking the ell”(80). Knowledge was dangerous at this point in time. When Douglass taught slaves to read, he helped them gain some knowledge of themselves. He could also gain knowledge that his slave master did not want him to know such as roads or things that could aid in his escape. Douglass being able to read was significant because it made him an empowered black man. If Frederick Douglass never learned to read, he would not have been the political activist he was. He would have probably never escaped nor would he have shared the knowledge he gained.
The institution of slavery affected bothVIEW DOCUMENT
994 words - 4 pages the discussion regarding American policies in the Arab world and their effects on global relations and conditions. I have been able to identify with these experiences the true passion that I have for international politics. This has been further enhanced via additional research and reading materials on policy making, understanding the concepts of the political world and their sub-categories. The personal qualities that I will bring to the institution will ensure my success in the program and in my future career.
I have three main qualities that will serve me best in my life and career. These qualities are my strong people skills, a healthy work ethics and an indefatigable ambition. AddVIEW DOCUMENT
1112 words - 4 pages Constitution and Public Protector Act s 13(a) provide strong framework for protecting the institution from political encroachment because it would jeopardise the Public Protector’s independence. Practically the independence of the Public Protector is compromise in the event that interpretation of the findings is in favour of individuals in power instead of the people. Illustratively, in the past the government has made convenient appointments to ensure the protection of certain political interests at the expense of constitutional democracy. Judge N Poswa criticised former Public Protector Mushwana for refusing to investigate allegations made concerning the 2004 Oilgate scandal and having drawnVIEW DOCUMENT
1191 words - 5 pages Bank. This type of influence ultimately affects how the World Bank functions within a global political economy.
It is essential to first understand the purpose of the World Bank and how it came to be, before assessing its role in the global political economy. The World Bank as a Transnational Expertised Institution is one of the most important sources of knowledge for development and poverty reduction. The World Bank was created by planners at Bretton Woods in 1944, together with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as the public sector and intergovernmental financial cooperative (St. Clair, 78, 2006). The Bank’s purpose was to essentially rebuild post-World War II Europe. However, todayVIEW DOCUMENT
1286 words - 5 pagesIn promoting freedom and equality, democratic countries throughout the world have been recruiting and admitting women into their armed forces. By opening the doors of a highly patriarchal institution to women, governments are said to be upholding gender equity and equality. However, the enlistment of women in the armed forces remains a heated subject of debate and controversy, given that women, across sectors and ranks in the military, continue to experience institutional-based discrimination.
The Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) defines discrimination as “any distinction, exclusion, or restriction on the basis of sex which has an effect orVIEW DOCUMENT
903 words - 4 pagesAlthough Lincoln personally believed slavery to be an unfair and immoral institution, he claimed that he "was not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of white and black races," because he believed that keeping the Union together was more important than his personal beliefs. However, as the Civil War progressed, Lincoln was forced to re-evaluate his position on slavery and was enabled him to put forth what he had always personally wished for in the Emancipation Proclamation.Before entering presidency, Lincoln had establishedVIEW DOCUMENT
878 words - 4 pages, and society forced withdrawal. The first, being the rarest of the three, does not apply to either Chile or Brazil. During an implosion, the authoritarian regime’s economic, political, and social policies led to government failure and the military becomes discredited as a political and social institution of the state. While that does not mean the absence of a standing military, it does mean a rapidly and largely discredited institution whose voice lacks credence. A government led withdrawal, on the other hand, as in the case of Brazil, is when the military sets a date for a government transitional period to begin. Lastly, a society force withdrawal occurs when civil society forces a military to give up power, as in Chile. This is not an implosion of a state and rather occurs through democratic means.
900 words - 4 pagespolitical forces (political parties and policies).
Employment instituition interpreted as norms and rules, this instituition taken to comprise labour laws, collective bargaining institution and arbitration bodies, this also can include broader economic institution such as free trade zones or trade agreements. Instituition do not rigidly determine individual actions but rather establish trajectiones for possible actions.
The international environment also one of the actors, until to what extent ILO and IMF have influenced the industrial relations in certain countries. Global financial and product markets, patterns of labour migration, global politics and institution including European UnionVIEW DOCUMENT
945 words - 4 pages, however, we see that the institution of autocracy began to falter while the institution of serfdom among the peasantry was amplified. This can be attributed to the fact that both Peter I and Catherine II implemented changes that were narrowly focused on elite groups and therefore did not penetrate the full spectrum of social strata. In consequence, by the end of the eighteenth century, social structures were noticeably unbalanced: the state had less control on the gentry, who in turn secured a tighter yoke on the peasantry. In light of these long-term historical developments, then, this paper attempts to examine three questions. First, did the institution of autocracy become strengthened orVIEW DOCUMENT
536 words - 2 pages representations which situate mobilized students as “intransigent”, “whimsical”, etc., but discourses that are, at the same time, constantly in discussed and reformulated by the youngsters.
On the other hand, there is an identification of comments that, vindicating youth political identity, discuss about specific aspects of the students’ struggle such as the (in) dependence from politicalinstitution, the refoundation of the political economic system to ensure fundamental social rights, the continuity of memories that orientate the future action of the movement, among others. Having said this, it can be summarized that the construction of counter informative flows within social networks situates students as legitimate negotiators capable of cope with the negative hetero-representation and who are able to represent themselves positively with the purpose of drawing meanings and far-reaching group links for their collective action.
Online discourses, youth political action, Chilean students’ movement, Facebook
621 words - 2 pages time to participate on the campaigns with the incoming generation of zealous political leaders.
It is also important to note that my objectives in transferring to your institution, consist of gaining more than the basic knowledge of the discipline. If admitted to your school I expect to take the courses of instruction that will be essential to my major as well as attending any seminars to advance my intellect.
It is from this perspective that I understand gaining admittance to your college will definitely open many doors of opportunity for me. This therefore leaves me with my completed application, which comes from my desire to take an opportunity at hand. This is mainly because I want to seek out an opportunity that I may never have again. I am so determined that this college will give me the competitive edge I need in today’s workforce, I take it as a plus that my degree from your institution will allow me to make an embossment on any employer's first impression of myself.
2376 words - 10 pages What factors allow a political figure to rise and become one of the most influential figures in history? Abraham Lincoln has gone down as one of the most prominent presidents in the American History. From his inauguration in 1861 to his assassination in 1865, Lincoln was faced one of the most troublesome times in the History of America, having to deal with an institution of slavery that was destroying the American Union and leading the country to its demise through a civil war that resulted in thousands of casualties. As President, he would do the near impossible, and would end the bloodshed between the ideological different north and south to a once again unite America under one unionVIEW DOCUMENT
4040 words - 16 pages is only certain that we may not prevent the institution of a public order or make the existing legal system totally powerless. Under these exceptional circumstances, the collective duty, which only implies an ethical obligation for individuals, bestows a right on some individuals to take the initiative to impose a public order on others or, without the support of valid law, to enforce some changes in a given, but unjust, political order. In a state of public injustice, specific individuals who feel responsible for the public benefit have a right to exert a form of political violence that is not yet, or not any longer, in accordance with the legally defined and monopolised official mode ofVIEW DOCUMENT
708 words - 3 pages. The logical reasons do not hold up as to why same-sex marriages should not be allowed. The reasons are mostly emotional and religiously based and have no impact in court.0So why do gays want to marry? There are many but mostly its for emotional, stability, security, and political reasons. Just because the majority of society has not felt the effects of the beneficial neglect that homosexuals have struggled with for so long, does not justify our government in not taking action in correcting this problem. Marriage is much more than the fundamental institution that completes the journey of life for many individuals. Marriage has legal and financial benefits that one's "significant otherVIEW DOCUMENT
2836 words - 11 pages psychology favorable to organization. The people do not
identify with political parties because they feel unrepresented, like
their voice isn't being heard. Since the Grand Corps isn't loyal to
political parties, the people have a higher trust in the institution.
Thus, looking at the Bureaucracy in both Britain and France, we see
that they are very similar. Britain has Whitehall, while France has
the Grand Corps. Both are extremely professional, carrying loyalties
to their organizations themselves rather than to the party which
happens to be in power. Both of the institutions are highly involved
in policy making and implementation, and prefer to work onlyVIEW DOCUMENT
1007 words - 4 pages around peace, love and drugs. LSD was a drug used both during the political uprising and in the novel as treatment for mental disorders. Kesey discusses how the world within the ward mirrors the world outside. ‘One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest’ contains examples of behaviour and attitudes displayed by characters within the clinical environment of the psychiatric ward, which can be compared to behaviour found within contemporary American society. Notions of leadership and hierarchy within a class, sexism, and crime and punishment play a vital role in the telling of the story. Chief Bromden, the book’s narrator, darkly and fearfully portrays the institution. Within the walls of the harsh, bleakVIEW DOCUMENT
600 words - 2 pagesJoel Newbury State/local Government October 30, 2001 The Last Hurrah Edwin O'Conner's Novel the Last Hurrah epitomizes governmental corruption within communities and political structures. The Last Hurrah not only demonstrates the support for this type of institution, corrupt government, but also it's importance within the community itself. The story also addresses prejudice and the theme of ethnic stereotyping through his character development. Today's societies, as well as the period The Last Hurrah discussed, shows governmental corruption as main way cities were representedVIEW DOCUMENT
802 words - 3 pagesThe Confederate IdeologyThe Confederate ideology was the founded on their cultural lifestyle and the importance of the slavery system in their economy. Once they designed their Constitution their ideology was chiseled into stone, they would defend their, "peculiar institution," at all costs."Racial slavery was the most distinctive feature of southern life." Before the war slavery was being established in the South and people lives and welfare depended on the slave system to function properly. This system became the cornerstone of the South's social, economical and political life. Socially, southern "belles," lived in nice plantations and were used to the nice things that aVIEW DOCUMENT
976 words - 4 pages information of political participations. Secondly, I will discuss the ways that the Hong Kong citizens express their complaints in political participations. At last, I will illustrate the reasons and methods of me involving these political issues.
According to the scholar Lo Shiu Hing, the definition of political participation is the activities of citizens to influence government policy or to affect the government’s allocation of resources. ( Lo Shui Hing , 2007) The political participations can be divided into two categories, the institutional and the non-institutional. For the institution one, they are protected under law. Normally the government provides some resources to held the event suchVIEW DOCUMENT
1493 words - 6 pages single burst of deductive reasoning, Gyekye rejects institutional reform and asserts his claim that political corruption is a moral problem:
“…if attempts intended to deal with the problem of political corruption by such measures as changes in the political structure, the institution of fraud detection squats within the public service, the tightening and enforcement of legal sanctions against public officials who commit politically corrupt acts mostly fail to reduce the incidence of political corruption in a significant way, then it makes sense to say that a more serious approach to dealing with the problem must lie somewhere else. That ‘somewhere else’ is, in my opinion, the moral characterVIEW DOCUMENT
1058 words - 4 pages mu’amalat (relationship with others human). In mu’amalat, it separate to political, economic and social activities.
ISLAMIC FINANCE HISTORY
First effort of Islamic finance is in 1960’s. In 1963, Mit Ghamr Local Saving Bank was established in Eygpt. The operation is based on German Saving Bank. The purpose of the bank is to mobilize the idle saving of Muslims within Shariah and provide halal return on their saving. But after two years later, the bank could not survive the operation due to lack of resources and support. Mit was set up new guidelines with new terminologies that helped for future planning. At the same time, The Pilgrims Management and Fund Board of Malaysia were establishedVIEW DOCUMENT
889 words - 4 pagesHow the EU represents supra-nationalism which is having authority and jurisdiction above national governments? What institution in the EU represents this trend?
European Union is one the world’s most dramatic examples of economic and political integration. A total of 27 states are compromising their national sovereignty by transferring many areas of their decision-making and authority to a supranational organization. We cannot call the European Union a nation-state because it lacks core responsibility, legal rights and cannot use coercion or punish those who disobey its law, directives and regulations. However, its operation and authority over some economic, political and legislativeVIEW DOCUMENT
1319 words - 5 pagesVoting is a political liberty of many law-abiding citizens of the United States of America. In terms of voter turnout and voting behaviors, there are two rival schools of thought. This research will examine what factors cause youth voting to be lower than that of older voters. The first school of thought, which can be referred to as conventional wisdom argues that persons under the age of thirty are least likely of all age groups to vote because they feel indifferent in regards to political practices. This causes them to turn out in drastically lower numbers than any other group. The second school of thought suggests that youth voters are not necessarily uninterested with the politicalVIEW DOCUMENT
652 words - 3 pagesInformal and Incidental Learning
Formal learning is a recognized process of study reworded with certificate or a form of special recognition by specific institution. Formal learning is based in the classroom, usually the institution sponsors this type of learning and it has structured forms.
Informal learning includes incidental learning, different locations than classroom such as work place institution, and not highly structured. The learners control their own study progress and they deicide how much they want to learn. Informal learning is usually intentional such as self-directed learning, networking, coaching, and mentoring. Informal learning can happen incidentally andVIEW DOCUMENT
1447 words - 6 pages, to understand the relevance and impact institutions have on public policy without defining the terms 'public policy' and 'institutions' would be imprudent. Like so many concepts and ideas in politics, there are many competent definitions, but despite their variations they all agree on certain key aspects. They agree that polices result from decisions made by government and that decisions by governments to do nothing are just as much policy as are decisions to do something. William Jenkins' definition of public policy is as 'a set of interrelated decisions taken by a political actor or group of actors concerning the selection of goals and the means of achieving them within a specifiedVIEW DOCUMENT
954 words - 4 pages place against slavery and that threatened the slavery system of the South received the undivided attention of the South's political leaders, many of whom were slave owners themselves. Political leaders in the North were much more divided about the slavery issue. As some had little interest in the subject or others were directly involved with the abolition of the institution of slavery as a whole
The debate became very bitter. Some Southern states wanted to secede, or break away from the United States of America and govern themselves (Goldfield, 399).Tensions rose to the highest when Abraham Lincoln, a member of the Republican Party, was elected whom vowed to keep the country united and the newVIEW DOCUMENT
1791 words - 7 pages aid from the United States in order to jumpstart their economies, the conclusion is foreign intervention not grass roots style independence was more valuable to the East Asian Model. The East Asian Model was attempted outside of Asia particularly in South America such as the nations of Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. The Latin American countries despite having earlier success eventually failed due to political and social instability which caused hyper inflation and massive unemployment throughout Latin America.
In the long run in order for a nation to survive the advancement of culture rather than institutions is more important. Institutions are temporary entities and when an institution isVIEW DOCUMENT
772 words - 3 pages Davenport University's input and output. The human resource frame directs its interest on the relationships between the institution and the people that it consists of, such as students, faculty and administrative members. The political frame proposes that we look at organizations as areas where players interrelate in search of a variety of objectives, and last but not least is the symbolic frame that advocates that the fundamental nature of a company lies within its culture.It is very important when an organization is implementing change to make sure that a frame-work model is used as a guideline to make sure that the company is using and including all of itsVIEW DOCUMENT
2495 words - 10 pages to promote both the elimination of exchange restrictions relating to trade in goods and services, and the stability of exchange rates. The main role of the IMF was to stabilize the exchange rate, prevent crisis, and resolution of crisis.
After the IMF began functioning as an institution, its evolution was similarly driven by a combination of political events, economic events, and trends and cycles in economy. As these forces happened, it had an effect that was perceived as adaptations to current events and new ideas within a fixed institutional structure and mandate. The cumulative effect of history on the institution has been rather more profound and requires a longer and largerVIEW DOCUMENT
1514 words - 6 pages significance in the America
political system. For it is also a politicalinstitution, an institution, that
is to say, for arriving at decisions on controversial questions of national
policy." (Dahl, Role of the Supreme Court Symposium, pg.279) The point here is
that proportionately, the Judiciary yields as much power and policy making
capabilities as any of the other two branches of government, and that the
decisions made by the Supreme Court are in fact equal in stature to Congress
passing a Bill into law.
What Dahl is basically trying to say is that the evolution of the
Supreme Court has made it very involved in decisions concerning important policyVIEW DOCUMENT
1653 words - 7 pages://www.supremecourt.gov/" title="Supreme Court of the United States">Supreme Court of the United States strictly as a legal institution is to underestimate its significance in the America political system. For it is also a politicalinstitution, an institution, that is to say, for arriving at decisions on controversial questions of national policy.' (Dahl, Role of the Supreme Court Symposium, pg.279) The point here is that proportionately, the Judiciary yields as much power and policy making capabilities as any of the other two branches of government, and that the decisions made by the Supreme Court are in fact equal in stature to Congress passing a Bill into law.What Dahl is basically tryingVIEW DOCUMENT
1606 words - 6 pagesSociety's Major Institutions.There are five basic institutional areas of a society. The major institutions consist of family, education, economics, religion, and political sectors. These will essentially affect everyone's life by shaping their thoughts and behaviors. Each of these institutions serves its purpose to fulfill society's fundamental needs and specific goals for the overall society. All must coincide or work harmoniously to make a society.The institution of family is the most important and is based on the teachings of values, norms, statuses, and roles. The family is designed to guide sexual activity, socialization, and social relations within a sexual unionVIEW DOCUMENT
1767 words - 7 pagesTHE INSTITUTION AND IBy Jacob Anderson'Paranoia is an illness I contracted in institutions. It is not the reason for my sentences to reform school and prison. It is the effect, not the cause.' Jack Henry Abbott's famous words are the basis for this article. It is why we ask sometimes if institutions really do stand to achieve rehabilitation? Or do they just neglect their visitors?The purpose of an institution is to restore a person to normal life. An institution is any place of change; a hospital, rehabilitation clinic, prison or any place established for the promotion of a particular object. A recurring problem and effect of modern day prisonVIEW DOCUMENT
1467 words - 6 pages, according to Gibson’s definition, can prove to be very problematic, especially in a political realm. A leader of any sort, in office through election or use of force, who adheres to this sort of government institution, can do little to no good for their country. Such an institution does not have to stem from an individual; “weaker groups could agree to institutions that exclude or punish the interests of groups” with whom they disagree, especially if the opposition wields more economic or political power (Gibson 12). For example, rural Zambians sided with Zimbabwean members of parliament, both of whom were against Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda’s conservation legislation (Gibson 12VIEW DOCUMENT
1165 words - 5 pages including court in this category we can make some conclusions regarding its evolution. Though the politicalinstitution has always existed, its structure is volatile and subject to change. In fact, one of the primary (and perhaps the most important) engines of historical change has been the constant transformation of the political state. Since our lexicon evolves to adhere to our present day needs, the word court has had to alter its implications to suit the political climate of the moment. At one time, using court in the context of a place where people would be found to be innocent or guilty of a crime would suggest a place where a monarch would decide the fate of the accused. A modern dayVIEW DOCUMENT
696 words - 3 pagesThe concept of representation in a political state that
embraces a democratic system is determined by its capability to include
a plurality of views when creating legislation. Election systems in a
democratic government should, thus, aid and enforce
the proportional representation of most politically active members of
the state. As depicted by the International Institute
for Democracy and Election Assistance (IDEA), “The purpose of an
election is to translate the freely expressed political will
of the people into a workable representative institution […] a
government (i) must accurately represent the population and
(ii) must be able to govern effectively.”(IDEA) These premises ofVIEW DOCUMENT
1425 words - 6 pages categorized as being either strategic or political. Based on the research data, the authors identify strategic issues to be associated with initiatives that would create or convey the image of a "Top 10" academic institution in terms of faculty, student enrollment, recruitment, academic programs and funding support. In retrospect, political issues were defined as those that involved management and competing interests surrounding the attempt to achieve "Top 10" recognition. Issues surrounding faculty recruitment, diversity and multiculturalism were highlighted in terms of being highly political due to future demographic projections.Data obtained from the study's research address theVIEW DOCUMENT
903 words - 4 pages brilliant and morally sound reformers and activists; many, however, were not. Once in power, they ruled as a king would rule. Many attempted, and some succeeded, to make the tyranny hereditary--in essence, a form of monarchy. Many of them seem to have directed their attentions to the crisis that swept them into office, but most of them set about bracing their hold on power. For the tyrants maintained power only by their hold on military force and often fear. The tyrannies were by nature highly unstable, and they fell apart rapidly. Even so, tyranny was a widespread politicalinstitution throughout the Greek-speakingVIEW DOCUMENT
1755 words - 7 pages from the United States in order to jumpstart their economies, the conclusion is foreign intervention not grass roots style independence was more valuable to the East Asian Model. The East Asian Model was attempted outside of Asia particularly in South America such as the nations of Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. The Latin American countries despite having earlier success eventually failed due to political and social instability which caused hyper inflation and massive unemployment throughout Latin America.
In the long run in order for a nation to survive the advancement of culture rather than institutions is more important. Institutions are temporary entities and when an institution isVIEW DOCUMENT
2491 words - 10 pages progress, this powerful Catholic body is of no appreciable weight" (12-13). In effect, the massive numbers offer the community as a whole nothing past face value, essentially implying that its massive population is, for the most part, 'dead weight', a stark contrast to the very same institution that only a few generations earlier was a major force to be reckoned with in the international political field. The division of church and state authority is seen as a principal reason for this decline, "In hindsight...it had attempted total invasion of the political and social as well as the cultural fields of human endeavour. And, in the doing, is had abandoned specifically Roman Catholic principles asVIEW DOCUMENT
1749 words - 7 pages time is especially distinguished
from previous phases, as a result of the general development in
ideological and social life, and the occurrence of major changes
reflected in actuality, the most prominent of which was the emergence
of various theories and ideological trends aimed at Islamic thought,
and extended to attack and combat it. Alongside this was the forced
entrance of the political factor onto the scene of the Islamic
society, and its direct interaction with the religious institution,
imposing that clear stances be defined within it according to
prevalent trends in the social and political environment.
Added to this phenomenon dominatingVIEW DOCUMENT
1033 words - 4 pages gets put into a private psychiatric institution, where she is introduced to a very compassionate female doctor, Dr. Nolan. She gives Esther several, now successful, electroshock and insulin therapy sessions. Also at the institution, she reunites with Joan, an old friend from high school who had also dated Buddy.
As Esther was recovering, she had a sexual encounter with a professor she met at Cambridge which caused her to hemorrhage. Joan, who was currently living at Cambridge, aids her to the hospital. Esther and Joan return to the institution the next day. Esther’s condition improves again, but sadly Joan commits suicide. Esther views Joan’s death as a wasted life. The book ends withVIEW DOCUMENT
1580 words - 6 pages the Declaration of Independence. Slavery was widespread for numerous reasons, but its effect was the most important because it was referred to as "black slavery." It was as if the institution was formed and reserved specifically for Africans - to serve the purpose of keeping America as a homogenous white nation (152) Jefferson who wrote the document created the foundation for equal rights among all people, yet he owned slaves during his lifetime. According to Fredrickson, Jefferson was "incapable of justifying slavery in principle on any grounds whatsoever," and this irony formulated the "American dilemma." (142-143) Natural rights implemented in doctrines by political leaders and statesmenVIEW DOCUMENT