1396 words - 6 pages
Parents of teen vandals should be held responsible for their child’s act of vandalism because, as parents, they maintain accountability of their children.
Due to the consequences of their child’s act of destruction and lack of morals and values, parents who maintain by law, total accountability of their children owe it to their community to pay for all costs incurred. The repercussions of family embarrassment may, in the long run teach not only the children how to obey authority through implemented rules and regulations, but it may also cause the parents to ultimately learn that their parenting skills need to align with acceptable standards of society. When faced with hundreds of dollars...
1476 words - 6 pages
Art: the ultimate form of self expression. But, what constitutes an art? And, who decides? These very questions plague society as it tries to decide and define the official status of graffiti--art or vandalism? Because it has found its way into art galleries and because of the community of artists who challenge and inspire each other, graffiti should be considered art and as a way to express oneself.
The origin and history of graffiti is not what one might expect. Believed to have been created by a Philadelphia high school student named Cornbread in 1967, it was a bold effort to catch the attention of a girl (De Melker). In this same time period, graffiti sprung up in New York as well. It...
2506 words - 10 pages
Graffiti is a unique form of art that is a relatively new in comparison with other genres. It's urban origins date back only a few decades. This style of art is characterized by artists who write nicknames or initials in creative lettering, most of the time done in public places. While some may see it as vandalism, it should be recognized as a valid type of artistic expression. Its history is hard to trace back due to fact that documentation on the topic is not readily available. Experts on the topic don't spread far from those involved in it personally. Nevertheless its evolution is easier to trace. Graffiti is fascinating and should be given the respect it deserves throughout the art...
1518 words - 6 pages
IntroductionGraffiti and vandalism are a major blight on communities. Vandalism can lead to important services, such as public telephones, being damaged so that they don't work, or removed, for example bus shelters, to protect from further harm. Vandalism can make the environment untidy, and graffiti can be offensive. All of these things contribute to an air of decline, and can lead to people fearing crime more.Acts of vandalism can include breaking windows, smashing up payphones, and graffiti. Many incidents of vandalism and graffiti are not reported. This is often because it is against private property and the victims do not consider it serious enough to tell the police,...
1980 words - 8 pages
Throughout the ages art has played a vital role in our life, for it is universal and everywhere, so we experience daily basis the houses we live in to the movies we see. Even in ancient culture, from the prehistoric period, art has played a crucial role by encouraging cave dwellers drawing on the wall of caves to record history. Most art is created for a specific reason or purpose, since it has a way of expressing ideas and beliefs, and it can record the experiences of all people, yet not all people agree on art styles; thus, while some people can consider something art, other may not like the same thing and regard it as a vandalism, and that is actually the case of graffiti. Graffiti is the...
2514 words - 10 pages
I believe that Graffiti is most certainly a valid art form. The question as to whether any forms of graffiti can be considered art is a controversial area. Is it vandalism when it is placed on the side of a building or a car and art when it is on a canvas on someone's wall or in a gallery- what is the difference? Graffiti, in its more complex forms, can be considered art because it clearly contains artistic elements, it communicates the artist's expression to the viewer, and the traditional art community has already accepted it. The objective of this essay is to explain how graffiti art overcomes the concerns of illegality and vandalism and can be considered as a true art...
935 words - 4 pages
Graffiti cost the city of Las Vegas $30 million dollars in 2007. (Market Wire, 2008). It feels there is no safe-haven from graffiti sightings in Las Vegas-from older parts of the city to new developments, graffiti is increasingly becoming an unwelcome part of the urban landscape. In my neighborhood,(a relatively new community) located on the northwest side of the valley, graffiti became an issue even before the homes in the development were completed. Aside from the financial toll and obvious degradation of aesthetics for residents and business owners alike, graffiti...
782 words - 3 pages
A curfew is needed for people who stay out late and cause mischief. Towns without a curfew have higher crime rates than those who refuse or do not have a set curfew. Three things that I believe can be hindered by adding a curfew are vandalism, kidnappings, and drunk driving. These types of deviant actions are mostly done late at night and a curfew would immensely help the rates of these three crimes go way down. (http://wcr.sonoma.edu/v1n2/males.html)Vandalism is a problem for many towns across the nation and the rate could be cut immensely with the help of a strict curfew. This curfew would help keep a watch...
705 words - 3 pages
"Graffiti is an art form" Or is it? There are many arguments for and against graffiti. In this essay, I will try to tackle the various aspects of these arguments, giving proof along the way. My interest in graffiti is purely artistic; I feel this essay may be more biased towards graffiti as an art form, as I think it is a beautiful and interesting branch of artistic talent and individualism.Is graffiti an Art Form?. There is an anonymous man, who I will refer to as Dain, in Switzerland who is an 'artist', in the...
1048 words - 4 pages
Many times we hear things through media and don’t actually listen to what they may say. When people hear something through mass media, they don’t realize that there is a person’s point of view stated in the story. And many times what people don’t see is that there is no such thing as an objective point of view. This is called Rhetoric; when someone states their point of view using words that either sway an audiences opinions one way or another. Rhetoric can be found in many places such as a T.V add or a commercial, magazine articles and advertisements, the news, and even radio commercials.
Watching the regular news as I...
1194 words - 5 pages
Should teenagers be restricted to a curfew? That's a question many parents question themselves. What is my son up? What is my daughter doing? How do I know if they're safe? What time will he/she be home? When following curfews, teens tend to stay out of trouble more because criminal activity or high-risk behaviors is more likely to occur later in the evening when parental supervision is not present. Therefore teenagers need have a curfew, imposing curfews would help keep young teens out of trouble legally, set strict boundaries, and provides safety.
How can a curfew keep my young teenager from doing illegal activities? Having a curfew provides teens with a limited amount of time to...
1031 words - 4 pages
Community Perception's of CrimeA community perception of crime is more important than the actual presence off crime. More officers patrolling a neighborhood on foot than in car gives the presence of safety in that neighborhood. These officers spend time with the community and get to know them. These officers learn to distinguish strangers from "regulars", kicking out strangers as a result. Other cases where neighborhoods that leave a broken window unfix tend to encourage more broken windows, because it gives the impression that no one cares and over time more windows get broken initiating the degradation of that neighborhood. This essay is going to be based on two essays "
754 words - 3 pages
A.r.t or C.r.i.m.e?Who is responsible for the pervasion of this so called "artcrime" in today's society???The word "graffiti" is derived from the Latin term "graphium" which means "to write". Graffiti evolved during ancient times but first impacted on modern society in the late 1960's, when political activists used it as a medium of revolt against governing powers. Thereafter, individual artists began to gain recognition.TAKI 183 was the first known artist to write tags, starting in central New York subways. After seeing the regular appearance of...
711 words - 3 pages
Running head: GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSES 1GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSES 5 Group Behavior and ProcessesMichael J. BonnieCJA444June 12, 2014Eddie GordonGroup Behavior and ProcessesGroup behavior and processes in this paper is about a problem with a new low income government housing development and the illegal activities that have impacted the...
2037 words - 8 pages
We all know what Graffiti art is; well we think we know because of the “modern” graffiti art that is still occasionally seen. However Graffiti Art has been tracked back all the way to the time of 1851. Firstly graffiti comes from the Italian word “graffiato” meaning scratched and was later called graffiti through the media as we see it today. ‘Additionally early forms of graffiti were seen back in ancient Italy at the ruins of Pompeii’ in 1851. “Painting on sidewalks, and other forms of graffiti, is still common in Rome today. Whereas Romans consider graffiti as a form of urban art, many westerners consider it vandalism unless property owners give consent to the graffiti artists.” (Cyprus,...
2574 words - 10 pages
Community Crime Profile Survey with Questions
The small community of Hasbrouck Heights, NJ is the one square mile home to a comparatively tiny population of approximately 7,600 people, including myself. I live on a residential street of this small suburban town where a great threat of danger and harm has never really been associated with its name. The crime rate on the city-data.com crime index is a minute 35.6 when compared to the U.S. average of 330.6. In the year of 2002 Wood-Ridge did not experience any murders, rapes, or robberies, and only 1 assault, 35 larceny counts, and 7 auto thefts. This is the main reason why all parties who were surveyed either...
1230 words - 5 pages
Graffiti as an Artform
The value of any message or work of art, whether it is hanging on the wall of a gallery or a subway, lies on the intensity of the artist’s or vandal’s beliefs. Graffiti is an uncertain issue in respect to its virtue. While the voice of the individual must never be lost in a society of shouts growing larger and louder every second; graffiti is such a public medium that its integrity must be of great concern. Graffiti is a vast wasteland of indefinite opinions. Foremost graffiti is illegal and a form of vandalism, it invades peoples privacy and destroys their property. However, graffiti can be a means by which one may permanently express one’s self. It...
1012 words - 4 pages
“Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition affecting children and adults that is characterized by problems with attention, impulsivity, and overactivity” (CHADD). “It is a neurobiological disorder that affect 3-7 percent of school age children and may be seen as before the age of 7. The current diagnostic label is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, however, in the past several other names have been used, such as brain-damaged, minimal brain dysfunction, hyperkinetic impulsive disorder, and attention deficit disorder (CHADD). ADHD is a controversial disorder. Some understand it to be a true disability, while others believe “good teaching and discipline at...
944 words - 4 pages
GRAFFITI: A VISUAL DIALOUGE
Graffiti: term applied to the arrangement of institutionally illicit marks in which there has been an attempt by an individual or group of individuals (usually not professional artists) to display upon a wall or surface that is usually visually accessible to the public. Even if one has never seen graffiti before, a negative image would probably
pop into one’s mind after reading this definition. Graffiti is not only a work of art, it also includes the underground culture that surrounds and reveres that art. Graffiti has been found in early societies, but is most commonly associated with modern, urban environments.
737 words - 3 pages
The Graffiti Exposure in Wynnum
Is it a work of art; or a piece of scrawl sprayed across some bare surface?
Ladies and Gentlemen, should Wynnum be exposed to Graffiti?
Firstly, I would like to ask you. What is the cost to the government to ‘cover
up' this unwanted advertisement? One recent attack placed a school
approximately $4000 out of pocket. Further more, over the last twelve months,
my school has experienced nine attempts at destroying the asthetic appeal of the
buildings within. I could also safely say that most of the other schools in the
Wynnum Manly district, both public and private, received similar encounters of
It's not just the cost, it's also the time. What...
674 words - 3 pages
College DrinkingLarge consumption of alcohol is a very serious problem especially among students attending college. Several college students start drinking heavily when they go to big college parties. Most think that they need to drink just to have a good time. Many drink because of peer pressure and feel that they must in order to fit it with the popular group. Drinking in college can have some major consequences that will extremely ruin a person's life.Since college binge drinking consumes a large amount of a student's time it causes them to lack hours in studying for their classes. As they...
827 words - 3 pages
The most common type of crime is property crime most likely because it can be committed anywhere and by anyone. T. Gabor in the book ?everybody does it! crime by the public? gives the definition, as ?the unlawful acquisition of another?s property through theft or deception? property crime can be as small as taking towels...
713 words - 3 pages
THE MEDIA- RUINING YOUTHS IMAGE"Power structure, and the dominant discourses through which they are reflected within Australian society, tends to marginalise youth. The media, for example, presents predominantly negative representations of youth or, alternatively, an idealised construction of 'perfect youth'. Each version is equally damaging in contributing to the way Australian youth perceive themselves.""Troubled youths"... "This week 20 children went on a killing rampage"... "Juveniles embark on mindless vandalism, theft and assaults"... "16, 400 crimes committed by kids."Shocking news such as this...
2145 words - 9 pages
Cameras in Schools
Surveillance in schools has become more popular, not only for safety reasons, but also to monitor the classrooms and teachers. In recent years, violent episodes in schools in Arkansas, Colorado, California, Kentucky, Mississippi and other states have led educators and legislators to make safe schools a priority. The only problem with making the schools safer is how to make them safer without people feeling violated. Some programs to decrease the violence and inappropriate behavior rates are character education and peer meditation; however, this is not enough. Educators and legislators feel that with the issue of surveillance, the decrease will be more dramatic. Safety...
527 words - 2 pages
The Existence of Terrorism Throughout History
The history of terrorism can’t be traced back to a certain time or date. However, there has been a great history in the terrorism timeline. Whether they have been foreign attacks or domestic attacks the United States have been through them all. A bloody and gruesome history is about to unraveled.
If one were to talk about the first act of terrorism you might have to take Adam and Eve for example. Seriously if condemning the rest of the human race to a mortal life isn’t consider a terrorism I wouldn’t know what is. Terrorism was never really documented for a long time because no one knew how to define it. I guess one could say the...
535 words - 2 pages
Topic and Purpose
This proposal identifies the need for a document, which will propose and develop reasons why a for-profit transportation service for Kent should be perused. This service should be considered because of the recent parking and commuting problems both on and off campus.
There have been many reasons why on-campus parking has become difficult in recent years. Increased student enrollment at Kent State University has posed many problems. The parking lots cannot facilitate the growing need for vehicle parking. Campus officials have undertaken construction projects to curb the parking problem, but these renovations have closed lots in...
642 words - 3 pages
The Drop in Crime
The national crime rate has been dropping for the past several years. Over a 38% drop has been reported since 1993. The drop in the crime rate of America is mainly because of three top reasons. These reasons include the involvement of the community, the offenders of small crimes are being interrogated to come up with leads of larger crimes, and the new computer technology available today.
Many citizens have become annoyed with the crime in their neighborhoods. They have organized block watches, citizen patrols, along with neighborhood cleanups, and started harassing slumlords that allow drug dealers to use their properties. (Brown Art. 122). Among many...
668 words - 3 pages
Justice in the Legal System
Justice, as defined by Webster’s Dictionary is the quality of being fair or just. This implies that justice would have something to do with being fair. I thought that if one of the things the law and legal system are about is maintaining and promoting justice and a sense of fairness, they might not be doing such a great job. An eye for an eye is fair? No, that would be too easy, too black and white. I could cite several examples where I thought a judge’s or jury’s ruling was unfair, however I will not simply due to the fact that this is to be about what justice is to me and not what justice was to the particular courtroom situation. I actually do believe...
553 words - 2 pages
What are externalities?
Externalities are common in virtually every area of economic activity.
They are defined asthird party (or spill-over) effects arising from
the production and/or consumption of goods and services for which no
appropriate compensation is paid.
Externalities can cause market failure if the price mechanism does not
take into account the full social costs and social benefits of
production and consumption.
The study of externalities by economists has become extensive in
recent years - not least because of concerns about the link between
the economy and the environment.
PRIVATE AND SOCIAL COSTS
Externalities create a divergence between the private and...
519 words - 2 pages
In today’s world, there are many social issues, like poverty, vandalism and unemployment. However, prejudice has become the most dramatic one. Prejudging people for their appearance is a common practice that humans perform. People are not only ridiculed for their color, but also by their religion, sex or age. Therefore, I consider that racism, ageism and sexism are the three major problems in our society and we need to cease them immediately. Much of our world’s history were based upon racism. In the 1600’s, white men used Africans as slaves and treated them as they were not human. "Colored" people were not even allowed to use the same drinking fountains as white people....
521 words - 2 pages
On college campuses today, there is a lot of violence. Violence occurs for many reasons, its unfortunate but true. One of the main reasons that violence accurs is because 90 percent of violence on college campuses is alcohol related. That is one of the many reasons why violence occurs.
There have been reports of increased violence on U.S. college campuses since the early 1980s. Alcohol-related problems have included vandalism, fighting, injuries, and rape. However, as in the past, crime on campuses frequently was not reported to authorities or not divulged by institutions. Therefore, it is difficult to know if there has been an increase in incidences or just increased reporting. Roark...
601 words - 2 pages
In the poem "Void Deck" by Alfian Bin Sa'at, the poet establishes the Singaporean Identity by using the term "void deck" as the title of the poem. The term is unique to the Singapore context as it is not used in any other country. The poem is also filled with the 'voices' from the HDB heartland which many Singaporean readers can closely relate to. The poet uses phrases such as "wet market" (stanza 1, verse 2), "stone-table chessboard" (stanza 5, verse7) and "caged birds" (stanza3, verse3) to portray the familiar sight at the void decks of HDB...
554 words - 2 pages
An international comparison of funding & expenditures for education (Canada, France, Japan, united states) I. A Comparison of Educational Systems: A. Curriculum B. Duration of teacher training and certification programs C. Existence of entrance/exit exams D. Ethic homogeneity (90% of entire population from one ethnic group) E. Age for starting school F. Average days in a school year G. Average minutes of instruction in a school day H. Student achievement I. Pupil/teacher ratios J. Percent of schools with one or more problems II. Where does the $ Come From? III. Where does the $ Go? Duration of teacher training and certification programs Country Length of training (years) Academic...
620 words - 2 pages
SLEEPY DAYS ARE OVER "I have a dream…" said Martin Luther King Jr. But why was he able to have a dream? It is probably because he was able to get enough sleep, unlike the high-schoolers of today. Almost every high-schooler in the United States would agree, we need more sleep. At my high school on Southern Whidbey Island, school starts at the unbearable early time of 7:30 am. That is just too early to start school. Most high schoolers don't even wake up until lunchtime; they simply just sleep through first and second period. Take me for example, I go to sleep on average...
1916 words - 8 pages
Crime in Britain has steadily increased, with the exception of small decreases in the mid 50's and mid 90's, each year since records began in the mid 19th century. Over half of all these offences are for petty offences such as theft and handling stolen goods. In fact the majority of all offences are made up of crimes against property.The majority of the prison population of the United Kingdom consists of young males, ethnic minorities and those from unskilled occupations. In fact criminals are...
1948 words - 8 pages
Malware, short for malicious software, is wide-spread in today’s computer market. Malware is software intended to gain sensitive information or access to a victim’s private system (“Who Creates Malware and Why?” par. 13). Many forms of malware exist: the major categories including viruses, ransom ware, worms, keyloggers, trojan horses and rootkits. Today, malware is most commonly used to steal victims’ personal information for financial gains, but malwares’ attention was not always this way. The first computer worms were written as harmless pranks.
The motivations behind digital threats have been shifting since the first computer virus, “Creeper,” appeared in 1971. Starting as a fun...
612 words - 2 pages
Foreclosure is a dirty word to homeowners everywhere. It’s a situation that no one wants to face, but unfortunately, the foreclosure calamity has forced an unusually large number of people to have to deal with this situation head on. Many people wind up losing their homes, which can have a negative effect on an entire community. Too many empty houses in a neighborhood can cause property values to go down, open the door to vandalism, and make people feel unsafe in their own communities. I would like to offer the following solution to the foreclosure crisis.
A national loan modification program (LMP) website would be created by the federal government. A standardized group of loan...
560 words - 2 pages
Examine some of the ways in which Marxists explain crime.One way in which Marxists examine crime is the idea that they feel crime is inevitable in capitalism because capitalism in itself is criminogenic. Due to capitalism being based on exploiting the working class by using them as a means of making profit, this is therefore damaging to the working class and arguably explains why crime is committed. Due to the exploitation of the working class, which may lead to poverty and in some...
528 words - 2 pages
The amount of litter in British society is a major cause for concern. Whilst the unsightly aspect created by an area spoilt by litter is reason enough to crave the reduction of the amount of waste dropped unnecessarily, there are other, potentially more serious problems created by litter.Many objects that are needlessly dropped present a very real danger to wildlife and other humans, for example plastic bags, wrapping and other containers which can ensnare a variety of animals, glass can cause serious injuries to humans and animals even aluminium cans can also trap and injure...
564 words - 2 pages
When athletes use drugs in many schools athletes are required to sign a contract in order to play sports. The contracts include of many rules and regulations that prohibit activities that will jeopardize the athlete's performance. The use of drugs and alcohol are strictly forbidden. Vandalism and other actions that would result in any type of illegal happenings are also banned. The main problem with the contracts is that the students don't always obey them. Many athletes will still go out and party and drink and smoke and get into other activities that will harm their minds and bodies."Stimulants" are drugs that stimulate the central nervous system and produce an increase in...
543 words - 2 pages
My hypothesis on conduct disorder in children can lead to criminal activity in adulthood. The research that was conducted from this question was that of Memorial University of Newfoundland, the Department of Psychology. Sampson and Laub (1997) discussed conduct disorder as not being a single cause of adult criminal behavior, but instead the start to what they termed as a life of “cumulative disadvantage”. The conduct disorder might indeed be the initial cause of problems, but may be replaced by the effects of disapproving, negative reactions from others.
Based on prior research, Kratzer and Hodgins (1997) were aware of the association between conduct problems...
575 words - 2 pages
A young girl, 12, blonde, walking alone on a Saturday night. Her destination; home, is only a block away. She is suddenly swept off her feet into a nearby alleyway and brutally attacked and killed. 3 months later her offender is put on trial. He is only 13. Juveniles who commit serious crimes should be tried as adults, because if they can make the decisions to take a life, they can serve the time for it, and acts of crime such as rape, and murder and adult crimes.Crimes such as rape and murder are adult crimes. For example, if a child is capable enough to determine that they would be willing to take the life of another human being, then they are capable enough to be put in prison...
626 words - 3 pages
Marxism is a social structural theory. This means that marxists, like functionalists believe that society and the way it is structured are the main causes of crime. Unlike functionalists, who argue that crime and deviance are inevitable in all kinds of society, marxists argue that crime is only inevitable in capitalist societies and that capitalism by its very nature is criminogenic. Marxists view law as part of the superstructure, which in marxist theory is defined as the institutions and culture considered to result from or reflect the economic system or infrastructure underlying a society and is by capitalists and for capitalists. These laws are only enforced on the proletariat. Evidence...
1050 words - 4 pages
Alcohol abuse is a serious health problem when it comes to college students. "The average amount of binge drinkers on college campuses is 50% of men and 39% of women" (http://www.oregoncounseling.org/ArticlesPapers/). There are various reasons why students drink and serious short and long term effects on the body and mind. Alcoholism is a serious problem for college students and there are many actions being taken to try to lessen the problem among colleges throughout the country.
There are various reasons why students choose to drink in college. Peer pressure, academic stress, wanting to fit in, wanting to be...
1611 words - 6 pages
Benefits of Recreation in Society and on the Body
We've all heard it before, "Personal recreational activities involves
those actions that relax, refresh, and rejuvenate us" - yet how much
do we truly gain from these activities? Recreation is a healthy part
of each individual's own life and can be enjoyed by everyone. The
benefits of recreation are not only positive to the community of
today, but to the society of tomorrow.
The positive outlook on recreation is unlimited and endless in our
world. There are great things that not only improve health and
wellness, but the building of self-esteem and stress reduction...
1332 words - 5 pages
There are about two thousand skate parks in the whole United States, and in contrast to this there are approximately thirteen-million skateboarders in the U.S alone. These are really shocking numbers that the average everyday person wouldn’t know, or care about. But when one of the thirteen million skaters who don’t have a place to skate come and skates in front of their store, suddenly they care. In Nacogdoches this is a real problem, and I have personally observed skaters getting told to leave someplace time and time again. The reason of this problem is that there is no designated place to skateboard in Nacogdoches, such as a skate park. Skaters have a tendency to find one particular...
1006 words - 4 pages
Art is any human creation, which shows expression of feelings through a particular medium. Art has to have meaning and it must obtain creative and unique perception both by the artist and by the audience. For example a common criticism today of some modern painting might be, "I could have painted that", implying that the work is less worthy of the title art. Reason for this is either because the viewer fails to find the meaning in the work or because the work does not appeared to have required any kill to produce.For something to be considered art it must have a function and a purpose. Art can inspire, beautify, inform, persuade and entertain. It can also be deceive, humiliate and...
1211 words - 5 pages
BUG, Inc., a Delaware corporation whose main office is located in Los Angeles, California, designs, manufactures, and sells electronic recording devices. (University of Phoenix, 2009) Some of BUG, Inc.s products are used for surveillance purposes specific to recording and monitoring wire transmittals, conversations, sounds and various telecommunication systems. The companys clients include law enforcement agencies in throughout United States (University of Phoenix, 2009). The majority of products manufactured by BUGS, Inc. is functioned and operational by software designed by BUG employees (University of Phoenix, 2009). The company is uniquely identified by a logo of a ladybug...
2213 words - 9 pages
Our society has many problems. A major problem that we have been facing for many years and will continue to face is the threat of gangs in our schools. A gang is defined as a group of criminals or hoodlums who band together for mutual protection and profit (answers.com "gangs"). Most gangs are defined as adolescents who are frequently involved in illegal activities (National School Safety and Security Services [NSSASS], schoolsecurity.org). Gangs are a major problem because they promote violence. Schools are less safe because of the presence of gangs, vandalism increases, and students can't learn because they are too busy trying to stay away from gangs or are trying to join a gang. Some...
1839 words - 7 pages
IntroductionThe efficiency and effectiveness of the police force is always under constant scrutiny. The police service is required to carry out its role of protecting and serving the community, with minimum resources in the most productive and cost effective method possible. One way in which the police are able to deal with the ever increase in crime, is through the partnerships they have developed with other public and private bodies. These organisations aid the police in many different forms from providing support and advice, to physically helping to police society. Throughout this essay I plan to describe the effects the