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The Vietnam War was a military struggle between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1959 to 1975. The country was temporarily divided at the end of the First Indochina War. North Vietnam came under control of the Vietnamese Communists and their objective was to unify Vietnam under communist rule. Vietnamese who had collaborated with the French controlled the South. The United States got...
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Why were US forces withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973? During the Vietnam War, many American soldiers died in combat with the NFL soldiers of North Vietnam. We know from writing previous essays that the American Presidents and Governments in charge during the Vietnam War came under much pressure to stop the war and to withdraw the US soldiers from the area. Basically, this was the main reason why the Americans did withdraw their soldiers from Vietnam, however, there are a...
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"You will kill ten of us, we will kill one of you, but in the end, you will tire of it first". This quote was once spoken by the well-known protester Ho Chi Minh, in the time of the Vietnam War to motivate others to maintain their ironclad resistance against American forces.The causes of the Vietnam War were derived from the symptoms of the Cold War. The causes of the Vietnam War revolve around the simple belief held by America that communism was threatening to expand all over South-East Asia. Neither the Soviet Union nor the United States could risk an all-out war against...
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Evaluation -My research into the Vietnam War focused on the American Involvement and the reasons for the US' engagement in the country. This investigation aimed to develop a deeper understanding of what actions America took while it was involved in Vietnam. In addition this researched explored how successive US Presidents responded to the Vietnam War.1. Why did the American government become involved in Vietnam?2. What were the steps/stages of America's...
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The Vietnam War was a war between the Capitalist United States and the Communist North Vietnamese army. This war started in 1964 and it ended in 1975, when the US withdrew its soldiers. The US joined the war to stop the spreading of Communism, because they didn't want Russia to gain more allies, as they had been in a cold war with them for years.
In my opinion, an event is significant if it is still remembered today, meaning that it is used in films, written about in books, and when people watch these films or read books, it could raise issues in their mind which also makes an event significant. If it was really important at the time, like all the soldiers died, which was only important...
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The Vietnam War1.Vietnam separated because a man named Ho Chi Ming introduced communisation to Vietnam. The people of North Vietnam wanted Vietnam to be a communist country, but the people of South Vietnam didn't. So South Vietnam decided to separate from North Vietnam. North Vietnam did not like the way that South Vietnam dealt...
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The Vietnam War escalated from a Vietnamese civil war into a limited international conflict, in which the United States was deeply involved. The Vietnam War was fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerilla forces aided by the North Vietnamese. Despite increased American military involvement and signed peace agreements in 1973, the Vietnam War did not end until North Vietnam's successful invasion of South Vietnam in 1975. The Vietnam War may have been the longest war in American history, but after South Vietnam collapsed, America was left to question their highly controversial involvement in a lost cause.
The Vietnam War originated as a civil...
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The year was 1965 and the united states had just entered the conflict in Vietnam. There had been over 180,000 troops and personnel sent into the war zone to protect the south from the communistic north. " Britancica.com [Vietnam War] This would mean i was going on a trip to Saigon. My name was George Winslow. I was no soldier, the only thing i would be shooting with in Vietnam was a camera. I was a journalist and a reporter for CNN. I had covered many stories in the...
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Vietnam, a small country in the Indochina region, has a history filled with marks of war. It was made a colony of the French in the 1890s and was occupied by the Japanese in World War Two. When the Second World War ended, Vietnam began engaging in fierce warfare such as the First Indochina war and the Vietnam War for its independence and unification. Leading on one side was a significant movement, the communist Viet Minh, formed by Ho Chi Minh in the 1940s to seek independence for Vietnam from France and oppose the presence of the Japanese. This movement flourished under the strong patriotism of the Vietnamese people and the discontentment of the Vietnamese towards French's cruel colonial...
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The Vietnam WarThere is a strange irony about the US involvement in South East Asia, and Vietnam in particular. In 1941, in the "Atlantic Charter" signed by the United States and its allies, the United States rejected colonialism and supported the principle of "self-determination" for all colonized countries around the world. Therefore, one might wonder why the US decided to get involved so deeply in the political destiny of a country that was a French colony fighting for its independence. The Vietnam War is the longest war in the history of the United States, so far. The involvement, also called "the Second Indochina...
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The Vietnam War was a lengthy and fairly costly armed conflict involving the communist North Vietnamese regime known as the Viet Cong, South Vietnam and the United States. The war began in 1954 although the area was in Conflict since the mid-1940s after North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh and his political party; Viet Minh took power during the Cold War. During the escalating standoff between the democratic United States and the communist Soviet Union; and at the end of the Red Scare, the United States attempted to stop the spread of Communism. The Vietnam War was never officially declared a war by Congress, but rather deemed a “conflict.” The “Conflict” began as a “proxy war” under...
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The Vietnam War
The Vietnam war was fought by the United States between the years of 1965 and 1973. It was
basically the longest war the country had ever engaged itself in. Another important aspect of the
Vietnam War, was that it gave rise to the largest and most successful antiwar movement in United States
history. As a result of the media, more particularly television, various political and social views held my
the many Americans about the war were changed and presented towards the United States Government
in various forms. In effect of these many issues the American foreign policy was continually changing
to suit our present state. In a sense, the war in...
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Between the cessation of the Second World War and the onset of the 21st Century, the United States of America and the Soviet Union were embroiled in a geopolitical standoff known as the Cold War. In this international “game” of strategic maneuvers and incidents, both nations attempted to assert their influence over other states in what was essentially an ideological clash between democracy/capitalism and communism/socialism. Although the Cold War did not involve a full-scale, direct military confrontation between both powers, this notion manifested itself in the form of proxy wars and sub-conflicts. The United States and the Soviet Union backed countries that aligned with their respective...
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The Vietnam War Throughout the past century, there have been numerous controversial topics from suffrage to slavery. Perhaps one of the most controversial, at least in my opinion, was the war in Vietnam. Even today, right now, if you ask someone what he or she thinks about the Vietnam War, you are sure to get an earful. But, while opinions have their place, the real questions still linger. How did this war start? What was the United States involvement in the war? Lastly, was the price that the United States paid worth it? These are the questions I posed to myself, and then set out to try and answer here, in this...
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Opposing the Vietnam War
The War in Vietnam is one of the most controversial arguments in history. The
main reason That it is so controversial, is because we lost. Both democrats and republicans argue
that the way the war was handled should have been differently. Some ask why bother, the war
is over and done with; that there is nothing anyone can do to change it. The amazing thing about
history though is that we can learn from our mistakes, and make sure that nothing like this ever
happens again. Then again, if the Vietnam never happened we would have better relations with
foreign countries. America would not be in such a large dept if the war had never...
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Dana Szafryk"Bacterial and fungal infections of the feet were a major cause of temporary disability. Skin disease was a leading cause of outpatient visits and hospitalization. " ("Vietnam War Health Risks")."Pesticide and herbicide spraying was commonplace. In addition, Vietnam is a tropical country with high temperatures, high humidity and a monsoon climate. Approximately 20 million gallons of herbicides were used in Vietnam between 1962 and 1971 to remove unwanted plant life and leaves which otherwise provided cover for enemy forces during the Vietnam Conflict. " ("Vietnam War Health Risks")."The name "Agent Orange" came from the orange stripe on the 55-gallon drums...
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The Vietnam WarOne of the most remembered aspects of the Vietnam War era was student and campus unrest. Student activist played a key role in bringing antiwar ideas to the broader public. Before the Vietnam War Americans held politicians and congressmen in a high regard. Many people had formed their opinions about the war and what the United States intentions were. Some thought that the United States had good intentions about getting involved then they felt that the U.S. involvement was becoming a burden socially and economically they also believed that the United States needed to pull out of Vietnam. The other group of people thought that we should not leave Vietnam until the...
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Vietnam was so significant to the United States partly as it would be
the first war they would lose. It also had a tremendous financial
impact on the country and the casualties were also more in the public
eye than ever before due to the media. They learnt that:
"a long war for limited objectives, with its steady stream of body
bags, will not be supported by the American people" (Martino, 1996,
Some suggest that the US should have avoided any involvement in the
war. However, it is important to consider the political climate of the
time when passing...
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1. IntroductionIt was supposed to be a South Vietnamese war with the U.S. advising those who were frightened in their freedom. But the U.S. would end up doing much more than just advising. The Vietnam War was supposed to be a demonstration of how willing the U.S. was to battle communism, but ended up a personal vendetta against North Vietnamese as the U.S.A. escalated its commitment in Vietnam infinitely greater than it had ever intended. At the end over fifty thousand casualties were recorded on the American side.But why did this happen? Why did the Americans intervent in this war? Was the White...
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The Vietnam WarThe United States made the right decision in joining the war efforts of the South Vietnamese. The only mistake was that the U.S. should have done everything in its power to win the war as quickly as possible. The U.S. was obligated by the Truman Doctrine to contain communism. Truly the best way to contain it would beto defeat it.This war was a person changing experience. With all the horrible pain andgore the...
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The Vietnam War
To many, the 1960's could definately be considered one of the most controversial decades of this century. It was a time in which many mistakes were made evolving around the Vietnam War which resulted in the immense suffering of two nations. The war had many casualties; along with the death of soldiers and civilians, LBJ's presidency and the 'Great Society' also were killed by the war. The US's fear of the domino theory led them in an attempt to control the spread of communism in North Vietnam, whose government was led by Ho Chi Minh. This attempt had failed in many ways because of an inexperienced president and his unarticulated ideals of how to control a war and...
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The united front had long and historic roots in Vietnam. Used earlier in the century to mobilize anti-French forces, the united front brought together Communists and non-Communists in an umbrella organization that had limited, but important goals. On December 20, 1960, the Party' s new united front, the National Liberation Front (NLF), was born. Anyone could join this front as long as they opposed Ngo Dinh Diem and wanted to unify Vietnam.The character of the NLF and its relationship to the Communists in Hanoi has caused considerable debate among scholars, anti-war activists, and policymakers. From the birth of the NLF, government officials in Washington claimed that Hanoi directed the NLF's...
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In the 1950's, the United States had begun to send troops to Vietnam and during the following 25-year period, the ensuing war would create some of the strongest tensions in US history. Almost 3 million US men and women were sent thousands of miles to fight for what was a questionable cause. In total, it is estimated that over 2 million people on both sides were killed.
This site does not try to document the entire history of the Vietnam War but is intended as a picture essay, illustrating some of the incredible conditions under which soldiers from both sides lived, fought, played and ultimately died. Almost all of the images shown were taken by the legendary combat...
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The Vietnam War
Sources A, B, C, E, H and I all support and say that the Americans
lost the Vietnam War because of the mistakes they made. Source A talks
about how President Johnson ordered the bombings of North Vietnam
which got America involved too much in Vietnam which meant that he
should have invaded the North. Johnson was not a ruthless man and the
bombings he did were half-hearted and limited. The air force had told
him that they would succeed only if there was heavy and continuous
bombing but he refused. The big mistake that Johnson made and this
source talks about is just giving the initial orders to bomb North
Vietnam. Source B says the...
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Author--qualifications and point of view:Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970), was a British philosopher, a mathematician, and a Noble laureate, who influenced the course of 20th century philosophy. He was born in Trelleck, Wales, on May 18, 1972. He was educated at Trinity College and at University of Cambridge. After graduation in 1894, he was given a teaching post in the Cambridge. From an early age he developed a strong sense of social consciousness; at the same time he involved himself in the study of logical and mathematical questions, which he had made special fields and on which he was called...
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Being a young adult between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five can be very difficult. I know this because I am twenty-two years old. At this age, there are many concerns about the future and a career. Making many important decisions which will affect the rest of your life is common during these ages. This is the age when the majority of people are getting married, having families, and buying houses of their own. Many young men and women of this age group are graduating from college and ready to start their careers. Being a young adult can be very challenging; however, it can be the best time of life. These aspects of a young adult's life were not that much different during the Vietnam time...
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I.Origins.Vietnam began as a "small war" - in the pattern of all the other small wars since the 1880s, US military forces engaged another nation at the discretion of the President - though this time on behalf of French colonists (rather than US corporate interests) but steadily under the misguided notion, the Domino Theory.b.After WWII, US restores Vietnam to France as colonyi.Ho Chi Minh and Vietnamese struggle for...
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The Vietnam War The Vietnam War is truly one of the most unique wars ever fought by the Unites States of by any country. It was never officially declared a war (Knowll, 3). It had no official beginning nor an official end. It was fought over 10,000 miles away in a virtually unknown country. The enemy and the allies looked exactly the alike, and may by day be a friend but by night become an enemy (Aaseng 113). It matched the tried and true tactics of World War Two against a hide, run, and shoot technique known as "Guerrilla Warfare." It matched some of the best trained soldiers in the world against largely an untrained militia of untrained farmers. The United States' soldiers had at least...
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The winds of change began to sweep across America in the late fifties. The political unrest came with fear of thermo-nuclear war and the shadow that had been cast by Hiroshima, and Nagasaki (The History Place, 1999). The Civil Rights leaders were unhappy with President Eisenhower's reluctance to use his powers for their cause, in spite of the fact that the nation was becoming more receptive to civil rights reforms. With black organizations becoming more militant, Eisenhower needed to acknowledge the growing movement, and govern accordingly.World politics were still...
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What were the varying responses from the “Allied” troops subject to Vietnam?
The responses from the allied troops were mainly of hatred for the very harsh yet beautiful environment and an ambiguous response to the Vietnamese people. It is understandable the grudge troops held against a gruesome environment shrouded with innumerable killings in an alien culture, but the brutal racial discrimination perpetrated by Americans was still very prejudicial. There were, however, acts of kindness and charity to Vietnamese, yet at the same time, these glimpses of humanity were overshadowed by the greater bloody conflict. The varying responses of the allies were clearly evident through well-known...
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During the Vietnam War, between 1955 and 1984, fifty-eight thousand Americans lost their lives, as well as over three-million Vietnamese lost theirs. The financial cost to the United States comes to over one hundred-fifty-billion dollars. The causes of the Vietnam War were derived from the symptoms, components and consequences of the Cold War. The Vietnam War revolved around America’s belief that communism was a threat to expand all over South East Asia. With this being said the Vietnam War was both a nationalist and communist movement, unsuccessful in America’s regards, comparable to the war in Iraq, a poor man’s war, led to the downfall of Lyndon B. Johnson, and overall stood as an...
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VIETNAM WAR ISSUES INVESTIGATIONTo what extent did the newly emerging media paint a negative picture of Australian Soldiers fighting the Vietnam War and fuel the growing anti-War movement of the late 60's and early 70's?The time in between the late 50's and early 60's had radically changed how and where people sourced their news. Televisions sales were rapidly increasing and news through the television was fast becoming extremely popular in homes, due to its convenience and ease of viewing. Everyone could now watch what was happening on the other side of the world, live in the comfort of their own living room. At this same point...
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“No event in American history is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War.” (Richard M. Nixon, 1985) Despite almost half a century of retrospect, numerous studies, and the declassification of military documents, former President Nixon’s assertion still holds truth. Of all the wars that the United States has fought in, the Vietnam War has compelled the most Americans to question what we were fighting for and why. Was the Vietnam War a just war?
The Just War Theory
The Just War Theory has been shaped over the centuries by historians and philosophers. However, the most systematic account of the Just War Theory was formulated by Saint Thomas Aquinas in his Summa...
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The Vietnam War or “the war that America didn’t win,” was a conflict that took place in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The U.S. got involved in this war because of its policy of containment against communism. This war, however, was about a lot more than about winning or losing, particularly for the American people. During the war and most of the 1960’s, American citizens were protesting several issues. Throughout most of the 1960’s and the early 1970’s, protests for civil rights, women’s rights, and other issues increased tensions between the U.S. government and the citizens. The “baby boom” generation from the 1940’s after World War II had reached college-age during the 60’s and was...
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Johnson and the Vietnam War
He was determined that he would not be held responsible for allowing Vietnam to fall to the Communists. Johnson believed that the key to success in the war in South Vietnam was to frighten North Vietnam's leaders with the possibility of full-scale U.S. military intervention. In January 1964 he approved top-secret, covert attacks against North Vietnamese territory, including commando raids against bridges, railways, and coastal installations. Johnson also ordered the U.S. Navy to conduct surveillance missions along the North Vietnamese coast. He increased the secret bombing of territory in Laos along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, a growing network used to transport...
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Nursing During the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was the longest war ever fought by U.S. military forces. U.S. personnel were engaged from 1961 until 1973. Approximately 10,000 U.S. military women served in Vietnam during the war. Most were members of the Army, Navy, and Air Force Nurse Corps. All of the Army nurses were volunteers who attended a six-week basic training class, and then were assigned to one-year stunts in Vietnam hospitals and mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) units. Most of these nurses were fresh out of nursing school, some with less than six months of clinical experience. These nurses were not prepared for the physical and emotional wounds that they would have to...
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Vietnam War vs. Great Society
Anonymous: "[Johnson] had miscalculated: Even the richest and most powerful nation in the world could not do it all" (qtd. in Turbulent Years: The 60s 36). Lyndon Baines Johnson is a president torn to pieces by war. He glows in the passage of bills benefiting American society. He is someone who has suffered through an entire generation of rebellious teens. What impact did LBJ's foreign policies concerning Vietnam War have on American society?
The Vietnam War really isn't a war. Congress never declared war and thus, it is constitutionally considered police action. The United States can have troops in an area for ninety days, but how ninety days became...
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The Significance of The Vietnam War
Within one generation, The United States have experienced The Second World War, The Korean War and fifteen years of The Cold War crisis. The Vietnam War was the last drop into the cup of American patience. The costs of The Vietnam War were intolerable, because they contravened traditional American values and hopes.
In the year 1965, American government announced, with public support, that America is going to win the guerilla war and defeat the “global communist conspiracy”. It also promised to build free institutions in South-East Asia. Two years later, in the year 1967, the same affair was considered not only as unsuccessful, but also as a gruesome...
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P.O.W.s in the Vietnam War
The Vietnam war, also called the Indochina War , may be said to have started in 1957 when Communist-led rebels began mounting terrorists attacks against the government of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). The rebel forces, commonly called the Vietcong, were later aided by troops of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). American combat personnel were formally committed to the defense of the South in 1965. An agreement calling for a ceasefire was signed in January 1973, and by March the few remaining U.S. millitary personnel in Vietnam were withdrawn. However, the war between the two Vietnamese sides persisted inconclusively for two...
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Australia first became a part of the Vietnam War effort in July 1962, when we sent over the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV). Our involvement in the war can ultimately be contributed to two major points, which are the our alliance with the United States as well as the fear of communism reaching Australia and seizing control of our nation. The Introduction of the “National Service Scheme” (Conscription) In 1964 caused a major uproar from the Australian public and would play a key role in our involvement in the war effort. “The Battle of Long Tan” in 1966 was undoubtably the high point of the Australian war effort would turn out to play a major part in how the Viet Cong would...
1061 words - 4 pages
Missing Works Cited
I have seen war. I have seen war on land and sea. I have seen blood running from the wounded... I have seen the dead in the mud. I have seen cities destroyed... I have seen children starving. I have seen the agony of mothers and wives. I hate war.
- Dwight D Eisenhower
Over the years history is marked with death and destruction in many forms. The 1960’s marked
an era of change and social revolution for many in the U.S... It was during this time that the Civil Rights
Movement was in full force, American Scientist were able to put the first man on the moon, and our
world was still grieving over the brutal assassinations of both Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and...
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Although controversial in its inception, Maya Lin's Vietnam War Memorial adequately fulfills the vision of Jan Scruggs, who returned home wounded from the conflict in Southeast Asia at the age of 19, for a monument to his fallen comrades in arms that would "provide a symbol of acknowledgement of the courage, sacrifice, and devotion to duty of those who were among the nation's finest youth."1
Lin's work, unlike most previous military monuments, rejects the emphasis on heroics in favor of a poignant, contemplative, apolitical design which conveys an almost unbearable sense of loss. Simple, graceful, and abstract, the design specified two 246.75 foot long walls of polished black southern...
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In the nineteen sixties almost half of the American population were young adults. Because of this, the sixties were an age of youth and there was a generation gap that America had never seen before. Many of the baby boomers were at risk of being drafted into the Vietnam War. This war brought on revolutionary and innovative ways of thinking. The young people of this decade wanted change and this brought a huge difference in culture from the conservative fifties. Inspiration for many of the songs and lyrics of the time came from the Vietnam War. The war caused many people to protest and speak out about it. The main genres people used to show their attitudes about the current war were folk and...
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Graham Greene's novel, "The Quiet American," explores a wide range of themes surrounding the dilemma in Vietnam during the Indochina War. Being published in 1955, well before US direct military involvement in Vietnam, gives a perspective of Greene as himself as he was living during the time of turmoil in Vietnam through the main character Thomas Fowler. One can see the...
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AUSTRALIA AND VIETNAMOn the 29th of April 1965, Australia Prime Minister Menzies formally announced Australia's participation in the Vietnam War and explained it in the following terms:The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia and all the countries of South and Southeast Asia. It must be seen as part of a trust by Communist China between the India and Pacific Oceans.Furthermore, Menzies highlighted that Australia's commitment was a direct response to the request of South Vietnam Government. Although, Menzies took trouble to emphasize the independence of Australia's decision and commitment, he flourished President's Johnson's letter...
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Would going to war with Iraq be Vietnam all over again? Most people say no, but there are arguments for both answers. This question is an ongoing debate among scholars and politicians across the world. To understand the answer to this question we must look at what Vietnam really was, and how it relates to the Iraq situation of today. In the following paper I will take you into the jungles of Vietnam and show you truly why we fought in Vietnam and the results of this war upon our country.The Vietnam War was not just something sprung up...
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The French made Indochina into a colony in 1888. Although there were many different opposition movements, the French held strong until about 1941. It was in this year that the Viet Minh common front was founded. From 1944-45 northern Vietnam was hit with famine. The Viet Minh saw this opportunity, and urged the people to fight for food, and refuse to pay taxes. As a direct result of this, between 75 and 100 warehouses were raided. Following World War 2 the French decided that they wanted Indochina back. They did not have enough power though at the time, so they decided to look for help from other countries, such as Britain. Their attempt at retaking Vietnam was an utter failure, and the...
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"If you are able, save for them a place inside of you and save one backward glance when you are leaving for the places they can no longer go. Be not ashamed to say you loved them, though you may or may not have always. Take what they have left and what they have taught you with their dying and keep it with your own. And in that time when men decide to feel safe to call the war insane, take one moment to embrace those gentle heroes you left behind. "The Vietnam War and World War II were both devastating conflicts in which many men and women lost their lives. These casualties of war are often used to indicate...
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The Vietnam Conflict The Vietnam War was a long and frustrating experience for the American people. Even before the United States involvement began, North and South Vietnam were in conflict with each other. ?When Vietnam was divided in 1954, many Viet Minh who had been born in the southern part of the country returned to their native villages to await the 1956 elections and the reunification of their nation?(Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 99). When the elections did not take place as planned, these Viet Minh sought to overthrow Diem?s government (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 99). ? The Viet Minh were greatly...
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"No 'healing', no apologies, no memorials, nothing can possibly compensate for the damage done and the pain inflicted....The only thing we can possibly do, twenty years too late, is to try and tell the truth."Eric Bergerud, Historian UC BerkelyThe problem is though, that there is no one truth about the Vietnam War, even more than two decades after America's intervention. Critics of the intervention claim that the war was unnecessary and immoral and also policymakers in Washington dragged the country into and unwanted war. A group of scholars and military leaders have contrasting ideas, providing a strong defense for the American intervention. Although there is a multitude of...