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Violence against children is a phenomenon happening worldwide, in forms of physical, psychological violence. Children are deprived of care, basic social services, health care and education, child abuse, neglect, exploitation, forced to beg, trafficked. Children are still one of the social groups at risk, facing many problems that remain unresolved. Although the consequences may vary according to the type and severity of the violence, the short and long-term consequences for children are very often serious and destructive and are costly. The laws that protect children’s rights are often not effective.
Child abuse takes a variety of forms and is influenced by a variety of factors
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Sexual violence against children and adolescents is a major global health problem. According to data gathered by Save the Children and the agency’s experience in conflict-affected areas 80% of children living in areas of conflict or disaster are affected by sexual abuse, which is estimated to be over 30 million children. Additionally, likely perpetrators are from government armed forces and non-state armed forces and civilians (Save the Children Fund, 2013). Studies from Sierra Leone, Liberia, Haiti, Cote d’Ivoire Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Columbia and the Central Africa Republic estimate that between 52% and 70% of sexual violence cases involved mostly girls 18 years and younger
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One of the most complicated issues facing health care professionals and governmental agencies today is that of domestic violence. Domestic violence encompasses any violence that is inflicted upon one family member by another family member. Thus, domestic violence can be described as spouse abuse, child abuse, sibling abuse, or elder abuse. Most authorities suggest that domestic violence is typically expressed in violence against women and children. Such acts of violence can involve health care professionals in the treatment of physical injuries, the psychological impact upon the victim, or the aggressive behavior of the abuser. Often governmental agencies are called upon to investigate such
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could also be corrupting or exploiting a child. This would be getting them to do something against the law, such as stealing, training the child to only meet the needs of the abuser, or using the child as a way to obtain money. No matter what type of abuse a child experiences, it changes who they are and how they see the world, and in many cases will affect how they live the rest of their life.
Each form of child abuse has different signs; some of the signs make some types of abuse more obvious than others. Physical abuse is the most obvious type of abuse, because it leaves behind physical injuries. Children that are physically abused will have unexplained injuries such as welts, bruises and
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.” At Health, Inc., Jan 2010. Web. 1 Nov 2011. http://www.athealth.com/Consumer/disorders/complextrauma.html
Frieman, Barry, B. What Teachers Need to Know About Children At Risk. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 2001. Print.
Groves, Betsy, M. “Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence.” At Health, Inc., n.d. Web. 1 Nov 2011. http://www.athealth.com/Practitioner/ceduc/dv_children.html
Levine, Diane, E. “Beyond Banning War and Superhero Play: Meeting Children’s needs in Violent Times.” National Association for the Education of Young Children Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Nov 2011.
“Media Violence & Children.” Adults & Children Together Against Violence. American Psychological Association Inc., n.d. Web. 1 Nov 2011. http://actagainstviolence.apa.org/mediaviolence/index.html
“Violence.” Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Incorporated 2004.Print
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child who once acted up in school because of such exposure grows out of it, resulting in short term effects. When the acts of violence or exposure to becomes more critical; such as physical abuse within the home between both spouses children may suffer from long term effects. A 20 year study conducted but Ehrensaft et al concludes, “Children who were exposed to violence between their parents subsequently were more likely to perpetrate violence against an adult partner and to be treated violently by an adult partner then were children who were not exposed to violence; children who were physically abused had an increased rate of injuring a partner” (Margolin and Gordis 153). Over 90% of children
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domestic violence has tremendous affects on children.
When Alhabib, Nur, and Jones (2009) studied domestic violence against women their results concluded that domestic violence against women is an epidemic in many societies. It also suggests that there is no racial, ethnic, or socio-economic group excluded from this violence. So who are the victims of domestic violence? A study conducted by Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, Herrenkohl, and Russo (2009), found that there are an estimated 3.3 to 10 million children exposed to domestic violence in the home yearly. Their research indicates that many children witness domestic violence and have also experienced child abuse firsthand. In another
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the effects these violent stories are having on the children who watch them.
One of the first negative effects researchers discovered while
observing children who were frequently exposed to violence on television was a
lack of empathy towards other people’s pain and suffering. It was discovered that
children who watched excessive amounts of violent programming were less likely
to help victims of real-life violence ( Kinnear 6 ). Why does viewing violence on
television have this effect on children? Children viewing acts of violence on
television are essentially being trained to be spectators to violence. They observe
violent acts against others, but are not called upon to do anything
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occurs in all ages, racial and ethnic groups, socio - economic, sexual orientation, and religious groups in America. Domestic abuse creates social, economical, and health concerns for the victims and others that are impacted by the abuse.
When Alhabib, Nur, and Jones (2009) studied domestic violence against women their results concluded that domestic violence against women is an epidemic in many societies. It also suggest that there is no racial, ethnic, or socio-economic group excluded from this violence. So who are the victims of domestic violence? According to (Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, Herrenkohl, and Russo 2009) found that there is estimated 3.3 million to 10 million children
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effects these violent stories are having on the children who watch them.One of the first negative effects researchers discovered while observing children who were frequently exposed to violence on television was a lack of empathy towards other people's pain and suffering. It was discovered that children who watched excessive amounts of violent programming were less likely to help victims of real-life violence ( Kinnear 6 ). Why does viewing violence on television have this effect on children? Children viewing acts of violence on television are essentially being trained to be spectators to violence. They observe violent acts against others, but are not called upon to do anything other than
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even more innocent victims.
Many women feel that there is no one to help them escape domestic
violence. This assumption is extremely wrong. There are many organizations
designed especially to help abused women. A group called Violence Against
Women gives out grants that are used to create specialized police and
prosecution units to deal with domestic violence (Campbell 95). In addition to
Violence Against Women grants, the government issued grants to forty-nine of the
fifty states of $426,000 to train police officers to develop more effective
strategies to prevent violent crimes against women (Campbell 95). It is up to
the abused women to
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Somewhere in America at this very moment, a woman is being abused. She will be left with bruises, cuts, broken bones, and scars. The scars that last forever are not physical; however, they are ones of mental anguish. Her abuser is not a stranger, rather her husband or boyfriend. In this country, domestic violence is almost as common as giving birth. There is, however, hope for these women; help is available.Domestic violence occurs way too often in American society. There are many reasons why people need to speak out against domestic violence. One reason is that statistics show that most abusers will continue to abuse until they are arrested. Another reason is that domestic violence doesn't
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Domestic violence is comprised of willful intimidation, assault, battery, sexual assault or other abusive behavior committed by an intimate partner against another. According to The National Center for Victims of Crime (2011), aggressors of domestic violence persistently disparage, degrade or humiliate their partners. Unfortunately, domestic violence victims are known to habitually blame their own actions, rather than the violent behavior of the abuser. Conversely, violence perpetrated by abusers is repetitively self-driven and depends little on the victims' behavior. The use of psychological, emotional, and physical abuse fused together with episodes of "respite, love, and happiness are
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According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, Violence is the exertion of physical force so as to injure or abuse. Violence is often a behavioral response that children are taught to use in order to achieve their goals. On the other hand, violence can become a routine and automatic way of coping with stressful situations for some children (Youth Violence and Suicide Prevention Team 1999). You violence is an old problem that is frequently an issue over which there is much debate. Unfortunately, the increasing violence amongst children both at school and at home has once again made the issue of youth violence a major concern in our society.
According to a 2010 CDC fact
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monitor material. The V Chip can block the transmission of violent programs, but the device does not come with any guarantees. Parents must still be aware of the programs their children watch, this device simply aids parents in protecting their children against violence. Some parents also reported seeing a loss of activity among older children (ages 9-12). They loose interest in playing outdoors and reading because they lay around and watch television. When asked to do something they reply with, " Just a second, I'll do it at a commercial." Devices like they the V-Chip do not become useful among this age group.Many young adults that I spoke with said television is not the reason for the
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children's daily lives in addition to having direct effects. “Social support is a key buffer against the negative effects of violence. Because parents are key sources of social support, the disrupted parenting associated with family violence may exacerbate negative effects of exposure to violence. More generally, children exposed to violence may be sensitized to hostile interactions and may have difficulty negotiating peer conflicts”. These interpersonal difficulties can rob children of social support- since they have issues with trust and increase their risk for associating with mischievous peers (Margolin & Gordis 2004, 154). In a study conducted by C. McGee, it was reported that many
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As many people experience domestic violence that scars them tremendously, there are many organizations around to help. One organization that helps these women, men, and children who experience violence is Futures Without Violence. This organization is designed to strengthen communities by having them participate in protecting women who experience domestic violence. An example of what this program has worked on is the International Violence Against Women Act (IVAWA). This act proposed that legislation focus on violence against women, and stood to draw more attention to the subject. (Our Work).
The second reason why domestic violence is absurd is because it mentally damages the
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could see. Symbolic modeling is more common in children than it is in adults. Violence has had a very critical affect on symbolic modeling. Children are imitating actions that they have seen in violent movies, causing harm to themselves or others. For example, a group of children watched a film of an adult dealing with frustration by kicking a "bo-bo doll." Later, when these children frustrated by having their toys taken away, they kicked and punched more often than children who had seen a different film.Many people are for the censorship of violence in the media. A leader of the antipornography organization Morality in America takes a view against not censoring violence. He told the reporter
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The United States office on violence against women defines domestic violence as, "a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control" (United States Department of Justice [USDOJ], n.d., ¶ 1). The violence includes threats, intimidation, physical, emotional, or psychological actions used to persuade the partner (USDOJ). At one point in history chastising and battering one's wife was socially acceptable. With the women's movement views changed and abuse became illegal. Laws now include violence against women, children and elderly. President Clinton, in 1994, signed the Violence against Women Act. This paper will discuss
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of wages, increased absenteeism from work, reduce of productivity, inability to participate and get involve in daily activities to car of themselves and their children; as a consequence, it can affect personal economic, companies, and the government economy.
In conclusion, violence against women is considered a global health problem that affects three main sector women health and wellness, social functioning, and economic situation. The first effect of violence against women leads to physical aggression such as injury and alcohol abuse; mental and psychological issues like depression, anxiety, and low self esteem; and sexual transmitted infections. The second effect of violence is in the
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the children that observed the normal interactions with doll did not act aggressively. With these results, Bandura argued that children imitated behavior they witness, and that if they observed violent behavior in the media, they were likely to copy this behavior and act violently themselves (Bandura 575).
Many experiments followed Bandura’s footsteps, attempting to prove that there was a link between media violence and violence among the youth. These studies are still being conducted today, as there has yet to be a scientific consensus on the issue. However, despite there being evidence toward the contrary, many organizations have stated their position on the issue: they are against media
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Each year approximately 4.8 million acts of physical or sexual aggression are perpetrated against women while 2.9 million physically aggressive acts are perpetrated against men within the United States (Edleson, Ellerton, Seagren, Kirchberg, Schmidt & Ambrose, 2007). Many of these incidents take place in the presences of children, which make these figures even more disturbing (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). Research indicates that 40.2% of United States battered women responding in national surveys state that their children have witnessed one or more abusive events (Edleson et al., 2007). Overall 66% of research samples regarding childhood exposure to domestic violence
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Did you know that every 9 seconds a women is being beaten or assaulted? It is known that around the world, at least one and every three women has been beaten into having sex or some rudely thing in her entire lifetime. There are many cases where the abuser is a family member. Domestic violence is that the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sex crime, and different abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another. It is a virulent disease touching people in each community, notwithstanding age, economic standing, race, religion, status or academic background. Violence against girls is usually amid showing emotion abusive and dominant behavior, and so is a
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viewing violence in both adults and children. This report gave evidence of the media’s ability to socialize the viewers to the norms and values of the culture. Previously the ability of television to do so had been disputed that the media was seen only as a re-enforcer and not a creator.
Research performed by Albert Bandura concluded there were strong short-term effects of exposure to violence in the media that affects children. In his studies, children watched models perform aggressive acts against a doll. These acts of aggression were presented under three circumstances: 1. the children saw the model rewarded for aggressive behavior, 2. the children saw the
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with no ill effects. While this may be true, it does not mean that every other child out there who watches violent television will act the same way that the one boy did.Still others believe that violent programming has positive effects on children. A child releases built up anger while watching violent acts, and therefore a child is less likely to commit violent acts in real life (Leone, 1995). There is no actual evidence to prove this theory; rather, there is much evidence against it, such as the fact that violent crimes occur more and more as violence in television rises.It is obvious that violence on TV has a negative effect on its viewers, especially children. While the V-Chip and
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;right" and "wrong" behavior. This will help develop a sense of morality within the child which will allow him or her to make more informed decisions. The hue and cry about reducing the amount of violence on TV has had little affect on programmers or producers. The best defense parents can mount against the cumulative affects of television violence is to clearly explain to their children what is acceptable behavior. If parents explain their expectations to their children, they will be better able to formulate their own opinion regarding violence within a strong moral framework rather than within a blurred and confused sense of television reality which glorifies violence and makes is seen acceptable.
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harsh corporal punishment may greatly increase the chances that a child will grow up to use violence in a dating relationship (Simons 468).There is a substantial body of evidence suggesting that violence in the family is a risk factor for the perpetration of partner abuse. Men who witnessed interparental violence were three times more likely to hit their wives than men who did not (Ronfeldt 72). Men who witnessed their fathers hitting their mothers were more likely to approve of violence against women and to abuse their own partner. Those growing up in a violent home were more likely to move from verbal to physical aggression. Witnessing paternal marital violence would moderate the association
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killed by a parent; each year, an estimated three point three million children are exposed to violence by a family members against their mothers or female caretakers[...]"(Facts about Family Violence 1).Many people tend to forget that viewing violence early in life may cause a child to think the violence they are seeing is a normal thing, so as the child grows up he or she is going to continue the vicious cycle of violence. Family violence is one cause of teen violence, and media violence is also another factor.Younger and younger youths are expressing themselves by committing the most shocking crimes. With this rise in youth related violence, society as a whole has begun to point the finger
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foundation of children's daily lives in addition to having direct effects. “Social support is a key buffer against the negative effects of violence. Because parents are key sources of social support, the disrupted parenting associated with family violence may exacerbate negative effects of exposure to violence. More generally, children exposed to violence may be sensitized to hostile interactions and may have difficulty negotiating peer conflicts. These interpersonal difficulties can rob children of social support and increase their risk for associating with deviant peers” (Margolin & Gordis 2004, 154). In a study conducted by C. McGee, it was reported that many children found it difficult to
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to sixty percent of domestic violence perpetrators also abuse children in the home (NCADV). One out of every three abused children becomes an adult abuser or victim (clarkprosecutor). Children don’t want to see their parents get hurt. Parents are their source of love and care, the ones who look after them. One in ten calls made to alert police of domestic violence is placed by a child in the home. In 2003, a study found that “children are more likely to intervene when they witness severe violence against a parent, which can place a child at great risk for injury or death (safehorizon).” When a child is involved in the abuse, the problem becomes increasingly a larger and more
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can be more difficult for her to be present and attentive in her children’s lives due to depression, anxiety, and lack of sleep (Centre for children and families in the justice system, 2009). Domestic violence has an impact on the ability for a family to function. The perpetrator may sow divisions between the members of the family by turning them against each other, or favoring one child over the others. There may also be role reversals in families who experience domestic violence; parentification of the children and infantilizing of the mother may occur. Parentification involves the children either adopting or being given a parental role in the family. Infantilizing means treating the
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Many women in the world are faced with domestic violence. Some of these women do not have the strength to leave the man who is abusing them. Other women leave the home or relationship and will find themselves in poverty or even worse, homelessness. They aren’t always trapped in homelessness alone, sometimes they have either children or pets. If domestic violence is prevalent in a relationship a woman can either be trapped or it can lead to homelessness and in most cases being homeless is the better option and for many women who have been abused it can be hard for them to get back on their feet, especially if they have children.
For my service work I went to The Shade Tree, it is an
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media violence. If not in Saturday morning cartoon shows, then in evening dramas and in the news. Or they'll hear about violence from friends, watch children get into fights, or read about violence in the newspapers. Even if all those sources of violence were somehow hidden from view, they would learn of violence in Hamlet, Macbeth, and even in the Bible. Thus, the notion of preventing children from being exposed to violent models is impractical. We might also want our children to learn some aggressive skills so that they can defend themselves against bullies and rapists.What, then, should be done? First of all, consider whether we are overestimating the threat. Although media violence
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The Effects of Video Games on Children
Many people claim that violent video games are desensitizing children to violence, and making them more hostile and aggressive in social situations. Many video games nowadays have some sort of violence. These games can range from mild to extremely brutal. When children are exposed to these games, they very well could affect how children think. These games, when exposed to children, will, in fact, make them desensitized to violence, and even become violent themselves.
The largest group that plays video games is children. The majority of these games are violent, to a ranging extent. Most of these games are played on evenings or weekends, at their homes
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With the nation's violence rate increasing over the past few years, one must ask, "why?" Harold Lasswell formulated the core of questions of content analysis: "Who says what, to whom, why, and to what extent and with what effect?" The issue of media content has become an increasingly popular, as well as controversial, topic. There have been many concerns from parents regarding exposure of their children to inappropriate themes in the media. An overall increase of violence and crime in America suggests that the children are being exposed to violence too early, allowing them to become comfortable in seeing and ultimately portraying violence. Prolonged
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conducted by the National Network to End Domestic Violence found that 6,818 requests for housing from domestic violence victims were unmet (NNDEV, 2012, p. 3). Non-shelter services include: counseling, group support, court accompaniment, transportation, educational programs, and public benefit help (NNDEV, 2012, p. 7). While the focus of these organizations is to help women obtain resources and education, they also offer various counseling services to the children involved (Clevenger & Row-Sepowitz, 2009). Government programs such as The Family Violence Prevention Act, Violence Against Women Act, and the Victims of Crime Act provide funding, services and housing to the victims of domestic violence
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Television is a central part of American lives. In some cases television is a person=s number one activity. Violence has become a major part of our daily television. Whether it is on the news or in a movie, even on in commercials, violence is present on the majority of the various channels. All the violence on television is absorbed by the viewer. Violence on television has a negative effect on children viewers.Television was first recognized in 1939 at the World=s Fair. Some did not know what to think about television and there were others who believed it was a great invention. Social critic E.B. White, states, AWe shall stand or fall by television, of that I am sure.@(Murray) In the
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people. Television however, can be considered the most influential. Ninety-eight percent of Americans have a television in their household. When it first came out it was considered a novelty, there were only a few channels and the signal was not very clear. Now it is available through air broadcast, cable, or satellite. Television has become part of everyday life. With the growing fixation and attraction to violence in the media, children in today’s society are becoming more violent and aggressive than ever before. However, to obtain a true understanding of this problem we must look at all aspect that cause violence, and not just put all of the blame on the media. Nevertheless, we shouldn’t
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· undermining the mother by encouraging negative opinions of her ability, appearance and so on.
· having familiar belongings of pets destroyed.
All of these behaviors can lead to developmental problems in children that can happen at any age. Violence soon becomes a learned behavior and can be reproduced in other aspects of their life, such as school, dating, and other interpersonal relationships. These changes can be life-long and affect many other people than just the abused person.
Both child abuse and violence against women are extremely detrimental to the institution of marriage and family. It can tear family apart, beyond any repair, and destroy the
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"The cycle of violence must be broken before today's abused child becomes tomorrow's abuser." (The Attorney General's Task Force on Family Violence: 1984)Every year an estimated 3.3 million children are exposed to violence against members of their family, or caretaker by other family members. In homes where this violence occurs, fear, instability, and confusion replace the love, comfort, and care that a child needs. These children live in constant fear of harm from the people that are supposed to care and protect them. The effects of these children from witnessing and being subjected to abuse is alarming. Battering and domestic violence does not only effect the child in the current
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focused on prevention. Our children need to be educated on what a healthy relationship looks like and they need to know what to do when a relationship is not healthy. We can no longer go on trying to fix the problem by addressing the issue once the damage has been done. Therefore, The Violence Against Women Act and its programs and services are just not enough to bring about real change in a society that glorifies violence in TV, in movies, in music, in books, and in magazines.
Women: Images and Realities a Multicultural Anthology, Understanding Intimate Partner Violence.
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considered to be the most important of them all--the heart, if you will. Since the family unit is responsible for the socialization of children who will later go on to participate in other sub-systems, than it is logical to assume that a deterioration in the crucial family unit can result in a deterioration within other sub-systems, and of course, the entire system itself.As mentioned above, the sub-system of health care is feeling the pressure. Something as preventable as domestic violence against women is diverting funds from an already under-funded health care system. There are people out there who need serious medical treatment, but will never, or at the very most, will get insufficient
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resolve all forms of violence.
Unfortunately, violence is prevalent throughout the world, and Health Zone 1 located in Duval County in Florida is no exception to the sad rule. This paper has defined the tragedy of violence as a community-nursing problem by examining the risk factors, education and crisis intervention, and examining ways to implement and evaluate the effectiveness. School education represents one of the most powerful weapons in the fight against violence in Health Zone 1.
Violence prevention programs have offered excellent educational and outreach services to all elementary age children in Health Zone 1. Crisis intervention has been effective in reducing violence
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those outside the country who regards it, in general, as a criminal country with no state control and a confusing conflict. In addition, the World Bank in 1997 identified violence as the country’s key development constraint .
Violence in Colombia has become part of every day life, sometimes reaching high levels of hostility. This phenomena has permeated all society levels, among decades of armed conflict and drug cartel wars. There are studies to suggest that the majority of Colombians perceive violence as a part of life. One factor is that the only generation that has known and lived in peace is the eldest one, yet children, youth, and the vast majority of adults have been born in
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Women Discretionary Grants. Along with these links are messages from the Attorney General and the President of the United States covering the topic of domestic violence.
The Tucson Center for Women and Children is a service provider for women and children that have been physically, emotionally, or mentally abused through domestic violence. The center works toward informing the community and prevention against domestic violence through counseling, treatment, and education. It has a web site that has links to a variety of other resources such as the U.S. Department of Justice Violence Against Women Office, Children’s Program and Angel Children’s Center and the Family Violence Prevention
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-called, "cool people," against the outcasts. "The outcasts people who dress up differently, guys who wear make-up and dress in feminine ways, people who wear black and leather chains."(Time 3) These outcasts are what they call the bad cliques. The so-called good cliques are just as bad as the outsiders. The good clique is mainly jocks, cheerleaders, and some others. So the point is its not just the outcasts, even nice kids seem to spend a lot of time being cruel to their less socially prominent peers.Bullying has caused many of these problems in the beginning of school violence. "Bullying is a destructive force is not in dispute."(Effects of School Violence 1) Also bullying has caused over
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This is our society - the American society - where freedom of press is guaranteed, where you are free to express your opinion - but we should regret that the liberty granted does not care for the hue and cry raised by social organization which go unheard, especially with respect to the violence shown on our television networks. On average, young children watch about 100,000 acts of violence before they are through with their schools.Several studies have been conducted by researchers, scientists and pediatricians to explore the relationship between aggressive behaviors displayed by children and violence on television. It is established that children tend to copy what they watch on television
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own. One example of this is the holocaust, in which the Nazis attempted to exterminate the Jewish population in order for the Aryan race to prosper. The fact that men are more inclined to commit violent acts against one another more than towards women and children reinforces the argument that they act violently in order to ensure their genes will be passed on to future generations.
In the past few hundred years it seems that men have become less violent, supporting the argument that violence is unlearned. To become a more civilized species, humans have adapted to abstain from committing violent interpersonal crimes. It seems this trend is becoming undermined by
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weapon to exert power over others. It’s a misconception that violence against female is generated by males only. In reality it is of both types inter-sex and intra-sex. Even mother who bears equal labor pains during birth of her children discriminates between her son and daughter.
In India where domestic violence persists in want of dowry females also play their role in victimizing women. Husband is not the only accused in bride burning cases participation of females like mother-in-law and sister-in-law are also included. Another great cause of domestic violence in India is want of male child. Researches indicate that 30%of the abuse starts during pregnancy; during which a woman needs special
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ways this horrific violent experience traumatizes any child, Sev’er (2011) has stated that a few amount of children prevail against the odds, although some will carry a burden into their adulthood due to the physical and emotional scars they were left with from their father’s violent rampages (108-109). There are instances where children in turn use their familial experience of violence as a way to resolve all conflicts and all situations they come in contact with (Kimmel and Holler, 2011, 361). They will also act in this manner because they believe this type of behaviour is acceptable and it is their perception of what a family is.
Behind Mothers’ Decision of Staying or Leaving